Tá mé vs Táim. Can someone explain?
I've seen both Tá mé and Táim being used to say "I am." What's the difference here? Another question: like 90% of the sentences I've read or written so far in the Irish course have begun with Tá; is it sort of like a universal sentence starter, so to speak? What is Tá? Is it a verb, or what? I catch myself sometimes wanted to translate it as "there is" or sometimes as "is/am" (most of the time it is the latter). I get that the sentence structure and word order is quite different than what I'm used to, but it hasn't been too challenging so far to follow. But I know that having a very specific explanation would help me better understand what I read and write. I'm not afraid of grammar or the like so please, say/explain whatever you need to help me understand . Go raibh maith agat :)
In Irish you don't say "There is", you generally just use "is". For example: Tá madra sa teach, There is a dog in the house, or literally: A dog is in the house.
Tá réalta sa spéir, There are stars in the sky, literally: stars are in the sky.
Madra=dog Réalta=star Teach=house Spéir=sky Sa=in the
As above except the preference for either form depends on the dialect spoken. Generally, most synthetic forms e.g. táim, táimid are found in Munster, whereas analytic form are more prevalent in Ulster e.g. tá mé, tá muid. Efforts have been made so that both forms should be accepted in the course.