Both taitin and lonraigh mean to shine: taitníonn/lonraíonn an ghrian, the sun shines.
The phrase taitin le (which literally translates as to shine with) means to please someone or something. It can be used as an alternative way to express liking something:
I like the book = The book pleases me = "The book shines with me" = Taitníonn an leabhar liom
This construction is covered in more detail in a later skill!
The OED shows its earliest written usage from 1839, originating in the US. The Irish idiom bain taitneamh as, meaning “enjoy”, approaches it as a literal translation. Dinneen offers thug sé taitneamh di, a Munster usage, as meaning “he fell in love with her”; it could be literally translated as “he took a shine to her” (i.e. “took” as “conveyed” or “brought”), so perhaps that’s the source of the English idiom, although 1839 was before the peak of Irish emigration to the States.
It was well-explained by Lancet . "Taitníonn...." usually means to like something (at least in Connemara).
But "taitnaíonn/lonraíonn" are both used for things that shine.
Tá an ghrian ag taitneamh = The sun is shining. Although "lonraíonn" can be used for something that emits light like the sun. Personally I prefer to use it for things that shines like metal or jewellery.
It is better to use an online dictionary rather than Google Translate.
The NEID includes a sample for taitin le that has a slender "ch" pronunciation for the second "t". But that's not immediately before an "n", and the examples of taitneamh on teanglann.ie show that, even though the second t in taitneamh is slender, when it's immediately before an n, it is pronounced more or less as a broad t in Ulster, or at least not at all like a typical slender t in Ulster Irish. (It's not a fully articulated broad "t" either).
While I wouldn't doubt that there are Ulster Irish speakers who pronounce taitníonn with a "ch" sound, it is also pronounced more like "tahtnee-n", with the second t merging into the n. The second t is fully aspirated in both Connacht and Munster Irish.
An aw sound would be unusual in any of the major dialects - it's normally a fairly flat "ah" sound.
Thanks so much! I think I was trying to say more an "ah" sound and chose the wrong way to articulate it here (I should have typed something like "tah-tch") In any case, thank you so much for your reply- I'd be lost without the discussion feature and everyone's input! Have a lingot :)
sé is a 3rd person singular masculine pronoun. It can mean "he" or "it" as appropriate.
All nouns in Irish have a gender, so Irish doesn't have a non-gender-specific pronoun - every "it" is either a sé/é or a sí/í.
(ea is a neuter pronoun used with the copula, but it can also be used when referring to "he", "she" or "it").
It doesn't say much for the quality of your Irish dictionary (http://www.teanglann.ie/en/fgb/taitin) but "taitin" meaning "shine" doesn't take from the fact that "taitníonn sé liom" means "I enjoy it"/it pleases me".
Remember that "Tá carr ag an gcúinne" means "there is a car at the corner", whereas "Tá carr ag Seán" means "Seán has a car". Words can be interpreted differently in different contexts.
I've fallen into the same trap. Is focloir.ie not a good enough dictionary? It gives taitin under 'like' but does not list it for 'shine' in any of its exhaustive examples. My main problem is that 'shine' is not a very useful verb to learn, considering there are so many other similar verbs introduced beginning with 't'. Perhaps there was a good reason for doing so. Time to trust the course.
Focloir.ie is an excellent dictionary, and the very first line of the entry for "like" says:
1 verb be fond of TRANSITIVE taitin le PhrV
Taitin doesn't mean "like", unless that le is present.
The entry for "shine" doesn't list the verb taitin (the reasons why are outlined above - taitin shouldn't be your first choice when translating "shine" into Irish in most cases, and focloir.ie is an English Irish dictionary), but the very first example provided is
"the sun is shining" - tá an ghrian ag taitneamh
The reason for including the verb "shine" in this course is to remind you that the le in taitin le is vital if you want to say "like" instead of "shine", as well as to highlight the change in the subject of the verb. In English, "I" is the subject of "I like it". In Irish, sé/"it" is the subject of taitníonn sé liom.
SatharnPHL's response is wonderful. I'd just add this: if you search for "taitin" in the FGB, it does give "shine" as a translation: https://www.teanglann.ie/en/fgb/taitin. It's just that, as SatharnPHL has said, generally (though not always), you'd use another verb if you want to say that something shines.
Is there any grammatical difference for the different dialect pronunciations of many words? The real question is why the compilers of the dictionaries choose to use an unlenited t when spelling words like "taitníonn" and "taitneamh", even though the middle t is typically lenited by speakers in Munster and Connacht.
Kind of an indirect reply, but I am getting that essentially the Munster and Connacht dialect spectra would render the pronunciations as "taithníonn" or "taithneamh" an thus, the second t would sound either silent or lightly aspirated. Does that mean a person from Ulster would actually pronounce the second t? Thanks for your help!
The speaker on this course pronounces it with a lenited "t":
"Taitníonn an comhrá liom" - https://www.duolingo.com/comment/5800618
"Ní thaitníonn an ghrian in Éirinn" - https://www.duolingo.com/comment/4815367
"Taitníonn sé lena mhadra" - https://www.duolingo.com/comment/4431960 It's the same in the related "taitnimh" "Táim ag baint taitnimh as" - https://www.duolingo.com/comment/13648246
There are only a couple of examples on teanglann.ie, and the Ulster speaker sounds that slender "t", whereas the others don't: