"Bímagrithlemodheartháir."

Translation:I often run with my brother.

4 years ago

115 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Seamus747
Seamus747
  • 25
  • 25
  • 24
  • 23
  • 16
  • 10
  • 8
  • 2
  • 1499

I do be running...

Is the "correct" answer even grammatically correct standard English?

I concur with many of the sentiments expressed already on this topic.

I translated the phrase idiomatically as "I go running" in an attempt to convey the present continuous element of the Irish yet distinguishing it from "rithim".

Needless to say, as I feared, my translation was rejected in favour of the ridiculously literal "I do be running."

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/galaxyrocker

No, it's not grammatically correct standard English. However, I concur that it's the best way to convey this. However, I feel Irish wouldn't say something like this - they'd use Rithim, as the present tense (except for a few verbs) only carries a habitual aspect for native speakers.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/freymuth
freymuth
  • 23
  • 16
  • 15
  • 14
  • 14
  • 13
  • 11
  • 11
  • 8
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 5
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2

I've read through several of your replies and explanations on this, but I'm still very confused.

Is the following correct?

Rithim le mo deartháir = I run with my brother (regularly/often).

Táim ag rith le mo deartháir = I am running with my brother (right now, though not necessarily regularly).

Bím ag rith le mo deartháir = I am regularly/often running with my brother (and at any given point in time, I will probably be running with my brother at that moment).

I speak Standard American English and have a lot of experience with other forms of English, but I've never heard "I do be running" as something separate from "I run". I've tried finding other online resources, but nothing has proven to be very helpful yet.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/RustyDee
RustyDee
  • 16
  • 12
  • 12
  • 9
  • 3
  • 4

I think that I understand this (but is only a 'think')

I agree with your first two examples but I think the third should be:

Bím ag rith le mo deartháir = I am regularly/often running with my brother and I am running now.

It seems to be a tense between present simple (I run - regular, habit) and present continuous (in US English Present progressive) (something happening now or around now).

There are parts of rural England where this is used.

Could anyone confirm/comment/correct?

GRMA

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/scilling
scilling
  • 25
  • 1537

Your interpretation of freymuth’s third example is correct; Bím ag rith has both a habitual aspect and a progressive aspect.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/scilling
scilling
  • 25
  • 1537

khmanuel, bím ag rith means “I run regularly and I’m running now”; rithim means “I run regularly” without saying anything about whether or not I’m running at this very moment (other than the implication that I’m not running now, since a progressive verb aspect would have been used to communicate that).

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/khmanuel
khmanuel
  • 25
  • 23
  • 22
  • 22
  • 14

You know, I think it's just so foreign to me that it's difficult for me to really understand how both of those things could be expressed in the same sentence. The only way I can really interpret this particular sentence that way is if I imagine calling someone on the phone and they say to me, "I be running", or "Bim ag rith", and what they mean is that they are actually running while talking on the phone to me, which is unusual enough, but in addition, they for some reason need to let me know that running is something they do on a regular basis in addition to right this moment. This is just outside my experience, really. Is there another verb that could be conjugated using 'bim' that would make more sense?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/PatHargan
PatHargan
  • 15
  • 14
  • 14
  • 10

Does 'bím ag rith' really imply that I am running right this minute? I have never heard it used like that. Isn't it rather that I am still in the habit of running, although I may be standing still right now?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/SatharnPHL

PatHargan, yes, the ag rith part of Bím ag rith is progressive, which is why it means that the running happens now.

I know that this was posted 3 years ago, but it is important to point out that PatHargan was correct, and scilling is wrong. Bím ag rith uses the same ag verbal-noun construction as the progressive, and the Hiberno-English "I do be running" faithfully replicates this, but neither the Irish nor Hiberno-English phrases describe an action that is actually happening now. The habit of running with your brother is in progress, but the action of running with your brother isn't.

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/scilling
scilling
  • 25
  • 1537

khmanuel, how about Bím ag ithe (“I eat regularly and I’m eating now”) vs. Ithim (“I eat regularly”)?

One shouldn’t expect exclusively conversational sentences from Duolingo courses.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/khmanuel
khmanuel
  • 25
  • 23
  • 22
  • 22
  • 14

Bim ag ithe is much better, thanks! I can imagine saying, "Are you sure you are getting enough to eat?" and the other person says, "Yes, I eat regularly, and in fact I am eating right now."

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/scilling
scilling
  • 25
  • 1537

PatHargan, yes, the ag rith part of Bím ag rith is progressive, which is why it means that the running happens now. Just being in the habit of running (without stating anything about whether one is currently running or not) would be expressed by Rithim, avoiding the use of a verbal noun which would express the progressive aspect.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/scilling
scilling
  • 25
  • 1537

khmanuel, rithim can have a habitual aspect, but not a progressive aspect.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/khmanuel
khmanuel
  • 25
  • 23
  • 22
  • 22
  • 14

I vaguely understand this, but what is the actual difference in meaning between bim ag rith and rithim? Does the second one mean "I run regularly, but I can't really say how often and it's possible that I haven't run in several years, although I could start running again any time now", and the first one mean, "I run regularly and I have run recently enough that you could consider my running to be ongoing and not interrupted by really long pauses"?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Moilleadoir

My problem with the sentence & it's current correct translation (I often run…) is that no one would say just that. Yes ‘bím’ is the habitual, but you'd be much more likely to actually add ‘go minic’ (often) or ‘gach lá’ (every day) rather than rely on the habitual itself.

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/SatharnPHL

My problem with the sentence it's current correct translation (I often run…) is that no one would say just that. Yes ‘bím’ is the habitual, but you'd be much more likely to actually add ‘go minic’ (often) or ‘gach lá’ (every day) rather than rely on the habitual itself.

The problem with "the current correct translation" is that it isn't a translation of bím ag rith le mo dhearhtáir.

rithim is already habitual - you can just say rithim le mo dheartháir go minic.

Adding go minic to bíonn doesn't really solve the problem with this particular exercise.

Where do you go on Tuesday evenings? Bím ag rith le mo dheartháir.

How are you preparing for that 5K next month? Bím ag rith le mo dheartháir.

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/khmanuel
khmanuel
  • 25
  • 23
  • 22
  • 22
  • 14

Wouldn't rithim expess the same thing as bim ag rith, or is there a difference?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Mikemilg
Mikemilg
  • 25
  • 12
  • 9
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 16

From the Wikipedia page "Hiberno-English":

To be

The Irish equivalent of the verb "to be" has two present tenses, one (the present tense proper or "aimsir láithreach") for cases which are generally true or are true at the time of speaking and the other (the habitual present or "aimsir ghnáthláithreach") for repeated actions. Thus, "you are [now, or generally]" is tá tú, but "you are [repeatedly]" is bíonn tú. Both forms are used with the verbal noun (equivalent to the English present participle) to create compound tenses. This is similar to the distinction between ser and estar in Spanish.

The corresponding usage in English is frequently found in rural areas, especially Mayo/Sligo in the west of Ireland and Wexford in the south-east, Inner-City Dublin along with border areas of the North and Republic. In this form, the verb "to be" in English is similar to its use in Irish, with a "does be/do be" (or "bees", although less frequently) construction to indicate the continuous, or habitual, present:

<pre>"He does be working every day." Bíonn sé ag obair gach lá. "They do be talking on their mobiles a lot." Bíonn siad ag caint go minic ar a bhfóin póca. "He does be doing a lot of work at school." Bíonn sé ag déanamh go leor oibre ar scoil. "It's him I do be thinking of." Is air a bhíonn mé ag smaoineamh. </pre>

This construction also surfaces in African American Vernacular English, as the famous habitual be.

8 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/odoinn
odoinn
Mod
  • 14
  • 12
  • 9
  • 6
  • 4
  • 2

It is Hiberno-English though and if it exists in the speech of the people it is included as a possible translation.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/johnnyblade23
johnnyblade23
  • 17
  • 15
  • 11
  • 11
  • 8

That's fair enough but how are non Hibero-English people supposed to know?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/odoinn
odoinn
Mod
  • 14
  • 12
  • 9
  • 6
  • 4
  • 2

Its explained in the notes at the beginning of the lesson.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/scilling
scilling
  • 25
  • 1537

People who only use the Duolingo apps don’t have access to the Tips and Notes.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/segviolation
segviolation
  • 16
  • 15
  • 15
  • 14
  • 13
  • 12
  • 11
  • 10
  • 9
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 5
  • 4
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2

So while we learn Irish Gaelic we should also be studying up on Irish English? Guess it will help us to avoid being shocked and confused when we hear an Irish person say something like that...

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jamckillip48

Nach fearr: I usually run with my brother?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/EileanoirCM

It's not standard English but it's absolutely Hiberno-English (in fact this comes from the Irish). In Belfast you hear it often in this format: "She bes awful angry when..." or "It does be cold in the Winter".

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/lukeebyrnee

If everyone here who refuses to learn anything other than their "own" standard of English, rather than focusing on where the IRISH language is coming from, there would be a lot less moaning and whining in the comments.

I, and many others, use "do be" and "does be" in common speech with my friends and there is not an eye blinked, and it is understood. And I know this will be downvoted, but if you want to learn Irish, you have to learn the perhaps "non-standard" English that accompanies it here, known to others as Hiberno-English.

I am aware it is hard to understand, and if clarification is needed that is fine, but please try to avoid commenting nonsense about how America and Britain don't use it - that's fine, but it is used in rural Ireland here, and it is quite common.

I does be gettin' quare thick at this though, some small of rage off of yas all here, quare taken for ye all...

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ThDonaghey
ThDonaghey
  • 25
  • 21
  • 6
  • 183

Clarification would be helpful, for those of us west of Kerry. I'm as lost as I was nine months ago.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/OrlyK
OrlyK
  • 18
  • 11
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2

Finally I've realised why everybody where I'm from says 'does be'

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/BlueWillow991967

This sentence is an example of what I mean when I say we sometimes have to translate twice. Once into English, and then backwards into Hiberno-English. The first time I saw "peann reatha" in a book the "English" translation given was "biro." I'm American--I had no idea what the heck a "biro" was, but I could understand "running pen." However, to get the "right" answer, it took translating "peann reatha" into English ("running pen") and then backwards into dialect English. That's fine when the other modern dialects of English all agree with each other and American is the odd one out, but none of the other dialects of standard English except Hiberno English would accept "I do be running" as a grammatically correct and meaningful sentence. This sentence should accept "I habitually run with my brother" which would be correct in England, the US, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand--even if it doesn't quite include the idea that one is running at that exact moment. That's the closest correct English sentence in all other dialects except Hiberno English.

I'm a professional novelist. My editor would never accept "I do be running with my brother" as grammatical plain English, but would only accept it in a passage written as dialog for local color (which can include any form of slang dialog as long as it's consistent for the character speaking). If I tried to tell her it was correct English she would laugh at me and insist I rephrase.

By "meaningful" I mean that no other dialect of English would understand "habitually" as the meaning the speaker was trying to convey. It's not a translation if it just sounds like an odd, awkward sentence and doesn't actually convey meaning. This sentence would only communicate its "English" meaning outside Ireland to a few small, scattered, regional populations--not to English speakers as a whole.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Raftus
Raftus
  • 21
  • 17
  • 11
  • 11
  • 10
  • 10
  • 9
  • 5
  • 4
  • 4
  • 2

I understand what you're saying, but we should never really allow novel editors to be the arbiters of what's right and wrong. They have their own reasons for doing what they do. I'm reading Pinker's "The Sense of Style", in which editors often get short shrift indeed.

I agree it's weird English if you're not from Ireland, but I've heard plenty of people say "I do be this/I do be that" over the years. Maybe other English-speaking cultures could learn this one, they way we all have to grok other countries' idioms all the time?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/freymuth
freymuth
  • 23
  • 16
  • 15
  • 14
  • 14
  • 13
  • 11
  • 11
  • 8
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 5
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2

I think the point that a lot of people are trying to make isn't that "I do be running" is wrong, but rather that "I am running" or "I am often running" is also correct, since many (most?) national Englishes do not make a distinction between a present habitual tense and a present progressive tense.

For languages that don't distinguish between "I run" and "I am running" (German, for example, in which both of these sentences would be simply "ich laufe"), you wouldn't be marked wrong for favouring one over the other; by analogy, the present progressive should be acceptable in non-Hiberno-English where Hiberno-English might require something slightly different.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/PatHargan
PatHargan
  • 15
  • 14
  • 14
  • 10

I don't think that 'I am running' is a good translation: 'I run' would be much better, since that is the verb form that we use in English to describe a habitual action. e.g. I visit the dentist once a year; I go to France on holiday every summer; I work from Monday to Friday.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/freymuth
freymuth
  • 23
  • 16
  • 15
  • 14
  • 14
  • 13
  • 11
  • 11
  • 8
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 5
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2

That was suggested in one of the billion comments in this thread, and someone else replied that that didn't convey the currentness of the bím ag rith, ie that it is going on as we speak. If I recall correctly, I took that into account when suggesting "I am often running", since adverbs that indicate regularity are not generally used with the progressive present in (most) English (dialects).

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/sliotar1

The problem there is that scilling is completely wrong in his insistence that bím ag rith implies that I am running as I speak these words.

Bím ag rith does not imply that this activity is happening right this minute, it means that running is an ongoing activity that I am regularly involved in.

For example, if you meet a friend for a beer after work, and you say "I'm working for MegaCorp Inc", he understands what you mean, even though MegaCorp inc doesn't allow it's employees to drink beer while they are working. Bím ag obair le OllCorp - it's an ongoing activity, even though I'm not currently actively engaged in it as I speak those words.

English relies entirely on context to differentiate between something that I'm actually doing, and something that I'm doing intermittently. "I'm reading a book about pirates", even though I'm clearly not, because I'm typing this answer into Duolingo. "I'm learning French", even though I'm currently talking in English in the Irish course. This are all bíonn activities, rather than activities, and they are current, without being immediate.

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Felicitas757086

You're right, William: German would translate both "I run" and "I am running" as "ich renne".

However, you're wrong thinking that not distinguishing between present tense and present progressive wouldn't be marked wrong. In fact students in Germany have to learn the difference between the two present tenses and they have to learn when to use which.

Having gone through that I think it's fair enough to allow Irish a third present tense that has another colour of meaning.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/odoinn
odoinn
Mod
  • 14
  • 12
  • 9
  • 6
  • 4
  • 2

We are trying to appeal to all English dialects and have translations which feel natural for every one to say. Obviously though we have to keep the Irish population in mind considering Iirsh is the national language of the country and has directly influence the English which is spoken here. Lots of work done but obviously still more to do.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/NicLiam
NicLiam
  • 18
  • 17
  • 17
  • 63

The funny thing is, to mean this doesn't sound Irish at all. It sounds like rather archaic English, probably from the West Country, but certainly rural. "Oo ah, I do be milking the cows" kind of thing.

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/johnnyblade23
johnnyblade23
  • 17
  • 15
  • 11
  • 11
  • 8

I agree and im Irish

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CatMcCat
CatMcCat
  • 24
  • 18
  • 18
  • 16
  • 623

I created a meme for it that I can't upload here, so have to provide a url. Hope it works. Does this convey the feeling at all? I keep thinking I understand this, and then someone says something that causes me to doubt myself. http://cheezburger.com/8437771520

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/soupandbread

Maybe the 'running' sentence wasn't the best example. 'I do be/it does be' sentence construction (in English) is very common here in Ireland though. eg, 'It does be cold in here,' meaning: it is cold in here right now and it is usually cold in here.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MagAonghusa
MagAonghusa
  • 25
  • 23
  • 18
  • 17
  • 14
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3

Is this a sentence that only makes sense in Irish? I imagine the English should be "I am running with my brother" but wouldn't that be "Táim ag rith le mo dheartháir"? Is the Bím a mistake?

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/alexinIreland
alexinIreland
  • 25
  • 24
  • 21
  • 15
  • 15
  • 13
  • 12
  • 10

This sentence certainly seems to make more sense in Irish, though it is correct in English. The translation given is quite literal. The "bím" tells you that it is a recurring action (a habitual action), so this could be used in a sentence like "I do be running with my brother at this time", though the more common way of saying this in English would be "I run with my brother (every day, every week, etc.) at this time".

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/paddyobrien
paddyobrien
  • 16
  • 14
  • 11
  • 5
  • 3

"I do be/he does be/they do be... " was quite common in Hiberno-English once. You would still hear it used occasionally

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/PatHargan
PatHargan
  • 15
  • 14
  • 14
  • 10

It still is common, I hear people use that idiom frequently.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/deannawol

...and you hear English teachers rolling in their graves because they have failed.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/paddyobrien
paddyobrien
  • 16
  • 14
  • 11
  • 5
  • 3

They can roll away cos they're the ones who were wrong lol!

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Ballygawley
Ballygawley
  • 23
  • 11
  • 10
  • 8
  • 6
  • 6

You learn every day: Had to look up what Hiberno English means: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiberno-English

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/aroacegirl
aroacegirl
  • 20
  • 17
  • 16
  • 13
  • 13
  • 12
  • 11
  • 10
  • 10
  • 10
  • 7
  • 4
  • 4
  • 4
  • 3
  • 3
  • 71

So what would a better English translation be?

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/galaxyrocker

Well, if you know African-American Vernacular English, you can say "be," which is a habitual marker as well.

I be running with my brother is the same meaning as above, in that dialect.

In Standard English - "I am habitually running with my brother." Personally, I'd prefer Rithim le... (I run with), which still conveys the habitual but doesn't contain the progressive aspect.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Cxom
Cxom
  • 16
  • 13
  • 8
  • 6
  • 4
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2

I understand what you're getting at, but "do be" still doesn't sit well with me because I have always heard it in the context of African-American Vernacular, as you said, and so equated it almost exactly to "Táim ag rith . . ."


I am running with my brother. We're training for a marathon and each weekend we run 10 miles together. It's only wednesday today however, so I'm not physically running at this moment, but I am presently running with my brother as a regular and habitual action.

Would this be an example of when Bím ag rith would be better? Táim ag rith doesn't seem like it would fit in this case, and while Rithim le could fit, it seems more apt to a situation where "I run regularly as I have for the past 30 years and will continue to do"

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/galaxyrocker

That seems to be the best way to make it fit, honestly. It's just a confusing structure, doing some presently but habitually. Though I do believe Scilling has a good answer above.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/conor.raff
conor.raff
  • 13
  • 12
  • 11
  • 9
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3

I guessing the African-American term probably came from the Irish term when the Irish indentured servants mixed with African slaves in the new world (Americas and Caribean).

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/galaxyrocker

That is one possible origin, yes. But there's no definitive answer, and likely won't ever be one.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/deannawol

Technically, "I am running with my brother".

However, it's the constant present tense and that's probably where the confusion is coming from. Physically, it means "I am running with my brother" but there is a difference between "Táim ag rith le mo dheartháir" and "Bím ag rith le mo dheartháir". Probably the easiest way to explain it is "I run with my brother every day" as opposed to a once off action which is what "Tá mé" would imply.

"do be" is not a proper English construction any more. It's archaeic and has been eliminated even from common Irish construction. It was in Irish usage until probably around 30 year ago, 20 in much more rural areas. For anyone who wasn't reared in the countryside however, it's hard to get your head around the construction. "I do be going out to work at seven o'clock usually but this morning I am leaving at six" implies that the person in question leaves for work at 7am on a daily basis but this morning he leaves earlier. Does that make sense?

Bí and tá have the same root verb. This will become more obvious when you do the past tense, "Bhí mé ag rith le mo dheartháir" is "I was running with my brother."

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CatMcCat
CatMcCat
  • 24
  • 18
  • 18
  • 16
  • 623

Very interesting explanations here, but DL has to stop marking people wrong for translating it into English as "I am running with my brother." What would be helpful would be a way of explaining this kind of structure to people who are learning Irish, but DL doesn't seem to be set up to get into that level of explanation (hence the discussion page, I guess.)

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Moilleadoir

No “I am running with my brother” is flat out wrong! That would be not . implies you’re doing it now; implies you’re doing it habitually or regularly (not necessarily right now).

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/marruman
marruman
  • 11
  • 10
  • 10
  • 9
  • 6
  • 3

Would this be similar to the French imperfect tense?

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/DavidColli4
DavidColli4
  • 16
  • 11
  • 10
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 6
  • 4
  • 2
  • 3

For me "do be" is fine, i hear it often enough in english and pirate. Now, i can't stay here jawing all day, it do be getting late and i do be geting hungry.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CatMcCat
CatMcCat
  • 24
  • 18
  • 18
  • 16
  • 623

Arrrr! Have a lingot!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/baritone0645
baritone0645
  • 16
  • 13
  • 13
  • 12
  • 12
  • 12
  • 11
  • 11
  • 10
  • 10
  • 9
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 5
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2

Well weren't a lot of pirates based in Ireland and England?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/BrandonBalenger

Ha! Pirate was my first thought as well. I personally don't mind all the back and forth commentary about who says this or that. Doesn't sound like whining to me. I'm from the Southern US and don't hear "do be" in common language but assumed it was common in other English speaking areas.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Zavanthos

I don't understand why these kind of questions are being presented to learners with no explanation offered.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/EavanM

I translated it as "I am usually running with my brother" and it was marked as correct.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/freymuth
freymuth
  • 23
  • 16
  • 15
  • 14
  • 14
  • 13
  • 11
  • 11
  • 8
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 5
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2

Excellent! Looks like the moderators agree with an poblacht.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/FeargalMcGovern

I do be very confused!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mairedubh

I do be running---often is go minic

11 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/reggaelizard
reggaelizard
  • 25
  • 19
  • 12
  • 12
  • 10
  • 10
  • 9
  • 8
  • 7
  • 6
  • 4

A question out of curiosity for all Hiberno-English speakers here – is 'I do be [gerund]' a structure that you use often? I've been told that it's usual to say 'I'm after [gerund]' instead of 'I have just', 'I have [language]' instead of 'I speak [language]' and answer yes/no questions with 'I do' or 'I don't' as literal translations from Irish, which I found very interesting, but I was wondering about this one.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/OrlyK
OrlyK
  • 18
  • 11
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2

I hear it regularly if not daily, I'll be honest I never took much notice until recently, so it is part of normal speech. I will say I do/don't is being taken over by yes and no

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Fiachra691900
Fiachra691900
  • 14
  • 13
  • 13
  • 12
  • 12
  • 11
  • 11
  • 10
  • 9

Yeah, mostly. Also, «have you drink taken ?» for «have you been drinking ?» I guess that comes from the Irish too. «an bhfuil deoch tógta agat ?»

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/B-mhongoadh

Aye, and I have to say, after years of trying to get my head round this - realising that 'bím' means 'I do be' makes much more sense to me than trying to remember the distinction between habitual, progressive and something in between. ( I do recognise , tho', it's no help to those unfamiliar with the dialects)

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/PaddyCazenove0
PaddyCazenove0
  • 22
  • 18
  • 18
  • 17
  • 11
  • 6
  • 5
  • 5
  • 4
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 25

'I run with my brother ' should be accepted

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/SatharnPHL

Do you see a difference in meaning between "rithim le mo dheartháir" and "bím ag rith le mo dheartháir"?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mikeinkerry

I hesitate to add to the comment count (about to become 86) but can't help but think that there are many unresolved issues in this translation. The situation leaves me bewildered.

11 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Eibhlin304394
Eibhlin304394
  • 15
  • 14
  • 10
  • 9
  • 7
  • 56

Why is 'I often run' insisted on as the answer rather than 'I run' if the objective is to translate the Irish phrase 'I do be running' into grammatically correct English? There is no implication of frequency, simply that the activity is habitual or customary- you could say 'bím ag rith leis gach Nollag' for example i.e. a regular but not 'often' activity. Also some consistency in application of the rule would be helpful - I noticed that 'they are often' is not acceptable as a translation for 'bíonn siad' in another question, but instead the Duolingo translation is 'they do be'? On my laptop version of Duolingo , 'I do be running' is not offered as a possible translation for 'bím ag rith' which it ought to be if the rule was consistently applied between questions.

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/NicLiam
NicLiam
  • 18
  • 17
  • 17
  • 63

If Duolingo were consistent it would be better in so many ways, but these comments sections would be much shorter. And we would have far less opportunity to meet one another and chat.

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/TreasaWilson

I've read everyone of the comments on this thread and I STILL haven't the foggiest idea what this actually means.

OK, maybe it is used in Ireland, but surely the Irish must mean something by it that is different to either 'rithim' or 'ag rith'. I just don't get it . At. all.

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Moilleadoir

Once upon a time all Irish verbs had different present tense forms depending on whether you were talking about something happening right now or something that happens repeatedly or habitually. It’s a bit like the difference between the simple past and the imperfect in French (except it’s the present).

These days the habitual form has become the regular form for all verbs except .

So you could say:

rithim gach lá (“I run every day”) OR

bím ag rith gach lá (“I run every day”, lit. “I’m running every day” OR “I do be running every day”)

BUT táim ag rith gach lá would be wrong because is about now not every day.

Does that make any more sense?

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/SatharnPHL

And for people learning Irish on Duolingo, Bím ag foghlaim na Gaeilge ar Duolingo rather than Táim ag foghlaim na Gaeilge ar Duolingo.

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Moilleadoir

You could say either, but they have different shades of meaning. It would be fastidious in the extreme to never say táim ag foghlaim na Gaeilge ar Duolingo.

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/TreasaWilson

No Moilleadoir, I'm afraid it doesn't. I want to know what "I do be running every day" means i.e. if an Irish speaker chose to say "Bím ag rith gach lá" rather then "rithim gach lá", what would be his intention. What different meaning would he be trying to imply?

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Moilleadoir

Oh, that! That’s a complete red herring. There no significant difference between rithim gach lá and bím ag rith gach lá.

There is a technical difference, but mostly it’s just the fevered imagination of some people here. They both use habitual tense, though the habitual sense of all verbs except is maybe not so well understood now since there isn’t a contrasting non-habitual form any more.

The important difference is between táim ag rith and the other two.

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/NicLiam
NicLiam
  • 18
  • 17
  • 17
  • 63

OK, I do be giving up on this one.

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/SatharnPHL

Habitually, or just right now?

:-)

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Mikemilg
Mikemilg
  • 25
  • 12
  • 9
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 16

I've deleted my incorrect comment as there is enough confusion. -Is bíonn ever needed with other verbs?

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Moilleadoir

It isn’t required to get across a present habitual meaning, but it does make it unambiguous.

Like in English, though, the other time words in the sentence can also carry this information.

There are also some expressions that don’t have a verb paradigm (e.g. to have, or ag súil le where súil is used like verb though it isn’t one) so there are cases where bíonn/etc is the only option.

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ThDonaghey
ThDonaghey
  • 25
  • 21
  • 6
  • 183

As another American English speaker thoroughly confused by the "do be" construction Duolingo insists on here, might I suggest the following alternate translations?

(1) I am as (per) usual running with my brother;

(2) I am running with my brother, as (or more colloquially, like) I do

Yet I'm still confused, as I'm seeing disagreement on this thread over whether "I do be running" necessarily means right at the moment; some people seem to indicate that it's equally valid to translate it as a thing regularly done these days.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/sliotar1

As far as I can tell, the only people who are insisting that "I do be running" means right at the moment are people who aren't from Ireland, and who don't actually understand what "I do be running" and bím ag rith actually means.

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/freymuth
freymuth
  • 23
  • 16
  • 15
  • 14
  • 14
  • 13
  • 11
  • 11
  • 8
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 5
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2

I've been looking for a source for whether the habitual present implies both progressivity and habituality, i.e. that something is being done now and that it is regularly done.

From wikipedia habitual be seems to have the progressive and habitual aspect that scilling mentions, but I can't find a good source that definitely makes the case one way or another.

Do you have one?

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/sliotar1

One of the many threads on this topic contains an image from Star Trek TNG, with speech bubbles where Picard asks O'Brien "Why can't you be at your station on Fridays?" and O'Brien replies "I do be watching the Late Late"

That's a perfectly ordinary use of "do be", and even Irish people who wouldn't be caught dead uttering "do be" will have no difficulty understanding it. People who aren't from Ireland might not get it, even if they think they know what "do be" means.

It has no obvious progressive interpretation.

https://www.facebook.com/doyletrek/photos/a.669746649898043.1073741828.669740766565298/675061489366559/?type=3&theater

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/freymuth
freymuth
  • 23
  • 16
  • 15
  • 14
  • 14
  • 13
  • 11
  • 11
  • 8
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 5
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2

Sorry, I meant more like an academic source (e.g., textbook or grammar blog). Not that memes don't serve their purpose, but I'm looking for a rule, even if it's just a guideline.

The TNG post is helpful, since it gives context, though, so thanks!

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/sliotar1

It's not something that I've looked for, because it seems so obvious - that's just what that construction means in Ireland.

You could look at the examples at the bottom of the page for bíonn on teanglann.ie - there's nary a progressive verb form to be seen in the English translations.

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Moilleadoir

“I am…” is wrong. That would be . It would be better to translate both “bím ag rith…” and “rithim…” as “I run” because in English that can mean something you do habitually or regularly. The verb is the only Irish verb that still has this distinction between habitual and non-habitual. You could make the distinction in all verbs a couple of hundred years ago. I think Irish took up the habitual present as the one form for the present (ending -ann/íonn), but Scottish Gaelic kept the non-habitual (though it has limited use).

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/johnnyblade23
johnnyblade23
  • 17
  • 15
  • 11
  • 11
  • 8

I think they should leave this verb form out until later and/or explain that there is no direct equivalent in English. I don't think DL should expect Hibero-English from all learners

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/soundmanfrank

Difficult to hear/ make out what is being said because of the 'speed' spoken !!

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/soundmanfrank

Duolingo (Irish) might benefit if the speed of the 'speakers' could be reduced and give a mature student like me a chance to interpret many of the strange translation. Copy the Duolingo French site.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/scilling
scilling
  • 25
  • 1537

The French course uses speech synthesis, which is why it has the turtle button for slower playback speed. The Irish course doesn’t have a speech synthesis option, which is why recordings were made for it instead.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/WillowSkidmore

Am I just supposed to be emulating the stereotypical Irish or Scottish accent? 'Cause that what it feels like they want.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/B-mhongoadh

Every language contains phrases and sense that are difficult to translate - which is one reason why vernacular dialects thrive - often ( and beautifully) slang/vernacular express meanings that standard English can't ( as well as rhythms) and that's sometimes why new phrases are generated usually in slang. It's also why sometimes we use phrases in the original tongues - savour faire, aikido, ect.

Bris sé orm - 'it broke on me' . 'It broke to my disadvantage' doesn't really work . Nor does simply 'it broke' convey the whole meaning.

The Belfast phrase 'here's me...' is almost impossible to translate into standard English.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/iad58g
iad58g
  • 25
  • 20
  • 16
  • 16
  • 15
  • 13
  • 13
  • 11
  • 9
  • 6
  • 801

When I translate Bíonn sé le do mháthair as ‘He is with your mother’, Duolingo agrees. Yet it rejects ‘I am running with my brother’ here. Consistency?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Knocksedan

"He is with your mother" (right now) is Tá sé le do mháthair. "He is with your mother" (habitually) is Bíonn sé le do mháthair.

If "he" is in Dublin today, and your mother is in Cork, the first statement is, de facto false - the obviously aren't with each other. The second statement can be true, even if they aren't actually in one another's company at this moment of time, though.

"I am running" describes something that is happening right now - tá mé ag rith. The sentence in this exercise bím ag rith does not describe an action that is happening right now, and does not translate as "I am running". To capture the habitual aspect of bím ag rith, you can say I run, but it's not an ideal translation - bím ag rith uses the habitual form of the verb , whereas "I run" uses the habitual form of the verb "run".

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Daleswords
Daleswords
  • 25
  • 24
  • 940

Is there a difference in pronunciation between 'bím ag rith' and 'beidh mé ag rith'? Especially when spoken quickly?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/SatharnPHL

The pronunciations are quite distinct.

If you say anything fast enough, you can loose the distinctions, but usually by the time you encounter speech that is fast enough to blur that type of distinction, context provides additional information that the brain uses to interpret the indistinct audio.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/LuinlothR

Now I see they changed it to 'I often run with my brother'

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/SatharnPHL

That's a shame, because it doesn't mean "I often run with my brother" (Is minic a rithim le mo dheartháir, or rithim le mo dheartháir go minic).

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MrsMDohert

How does Bím ag rith translate into according your answer as 'I go' running. I put I be running and it says I am wrong.

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Matthewdk14
Matthewdk14
  • 25
  • 25
  • 15
  • 43

She says Bí Mé not Bím

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/SatharnPHL

She is definitely saying bím ag rith, rather than bí mé ag rith.

Apart from the fact that the analytic form would be bíonn mé, rather than bí mé, if you open the audio clip directly in your browser, you should get the option to play it at half-speed, and it will be clear that the sound between m and g is the a of ag, not the é of .

https://d7mj4aqfscim2.cloudfront.net/tts/ga/sentence/8cecc599046a17418dba3953856a8840

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/DanielC.To2

Cant understand a word being said here.

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/SeanJordan0

OFTEN ? Where is OFTEN?

3 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Dom525971
Dom525971
  • 25
  • 25
  • 23
  • 19
  • 13
  • 8
  • 863

Where is the "often" e.g. "go minic" in this sentence? I run with my brother IS a correct translation. Also I come from Wexford, one of the sites of "do be" usage and whilst it is used in casual conversation it would never be written down, and I am sick and tired of telling Duolingo that!

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MeretBraun
MeretBraun
  • 24
  • 22
  • 12
  • 12
  • 11
  • 654

It gives "I often run with my brother" as the correct answer. Where does the "often" come from?!

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Shelagh198227

I do be running is acceptable in hiberno English - however, my pc won't even accept this and insists on inserting the word "often" which is not part of the sentence. It is at least a year since i first reported this - and now again

3 weeks ago
Learn Irish in just 5 minutes a day. For free.