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  5. "Bím ag rith le mo dheartháir…

"Bím ag rith le mo dheartháir."

Translation:I often run with my brother.

August 27, 2014

154 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Seamus747

I do be running...

Is the "correct" answer even grammatically correct standard English?

I concur with many of the sentiments expressed already on this topic.

I translated the phrase idiomatically as "I go running" in an attempt to convey the present continuous element of the Irish yet distinguishing it from "rithim".

Needless to say, as I feared, my translation was rejected in favour of the ridiculously literal "I do be running."


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/galaxyrocker

No, it's not grammatically correct standard English. However, I concur that it's the best way to convey this. However, I feel Irish wouldn't say something like this - they'd use Rithim, as the present tense (except for a few verbs) only carries a habitual aspect for native speakers.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/freymuth

I've read through several of your replies and explanations on this, but I'm still very confused.

Is the following correct?

Rithim le mo deartháir = I run with my brother (regularly/often).

Táim ag rith le mo deartháir = I am running with my brother (right now, though not necessarily regularly).

Bím ag rith le mo deartháir = I am regularly/often running with my brother (and at any given point in time, I will probably be running with my brother at that moment).

I speak Standard American English and have a lot of experience with other forms of English, but I've never heard "I do be running" as something separate from "I run". I've tried finding other online resources, but nothing has proven to be very helpful yet.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RustyDee

I think that I understand this (but is only a 'think')

I agree with your first two examples but I think the third should be:

Bím ag rith le mo deartháir = I am regularly/often running with my brother and I am running now.

It seems to be a tense between present simple (I run - regular, habit) and present continuous (in US English Present progressive) (something happening now or around now).

There are parts of rural England where this is used.

Could anyone confirm/comment/correct?

GRMA


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/scilling

Your interpretation of freymuth’s third example is correct; Bím ag rith has both a habitual aspect and a progressive aspect.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/scilling

khmanuel, bím ag rith means “I run regularly and I’m running now”; rithim means “I run regularly” without saying anything about whether or not I’m running at this very moment (other than the implication that I’m not running now, since a progressive verb aspect would have been used to communicate that).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/19O492554

PatHargan, yes, the ag rith part of Bím ag rith is progressive, which is why it means that the running happens now.

I know that this was posted 3 years ago, but it is important to point out that PatHargan was correct, and scilling is wrong. Bím ag rith uses the same ag verbal-noun construction as the progressive, and the Hiberno-English "I do be running" faithfully replicates this, but neither the Irish nor Hiberno-English phrases describe an action that is actually happening now. The habit of running with your brother is in progress, but the action of running with your brother isn't.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/khmanuel

You know, I think it's just so foreign to me that it's difficult for me to really understand how both of those things could be expressed in the same sentence. The only way I can really interpret this particular sentence that way is if I imagine calling someone on the phone and they say to me, "I be running", or "Bim ag rith", and what they mean is that they are actually running while talking on the phone to me, which is unusual enough, but in addition, they for some reason need to let me know that running is something they do on a regular basis in addition to right this moment. This is just outside my experience, really. Is there another verb that could be conjugated using 'bim' that would make more sense?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/19O492554

My problem with the sentence it's current correct translation (I often run…) is that no one would say just that. Yes ‘bím’ is the habitual, but you'd be much more likely to actually add ‘go minic’ (often) or ‘gach lá’ (every day) rather than rely on the habitual itself.

The problem with "the current correct translation" is that it isn't a translation of bím ag rith le mo dhearhtáir.

rithim is already habitual - you can just say rithim le mo dheartháir go minic.

Adding go minic to bíonn doesn't really solve the problem with this particular exercise.

Where do you go on Tuesday evenings? Bím ag rith le mo dheartháir.

How are you preparing for that 5K next month? Bím ag rith le mo dheartháir.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/khmanuel

Bim ag ithe is much better, thanks! I can imagine saying, "Are you sure you are getting enough to eat?" and the other person says, "Yes, I eat regularly, and in fact I am eating right now."


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/scilling

khmanuel, how about Bím ag ithe (“I eat regularly and I’m eating now”) vs. Ithim (“I eat regularly”)?

One shouldn’t expect exclusively conversational sentences from Duolingo courses.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/scilling

PatHargan, yes, the ag rith part of Bím ag rith is progressive, which is why it means that the running happens now. Just being in the habit of running (without stating anything about whether one is currently running or not) would be expressed by Rithim, avoiding the use of a verbal noun which would express the progressive aspect.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/scilling

khmanuel, rithim can have a habitual aspect, but not a progressive aspect.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/khmanuel

I vaguely understand this, but what is the actual difference in meaning between bim ag rith and rithim? Does the second one mean "I run regularly, but I can't really say how often and it's possible that I haven't run in several years, although I could start running again any time now", and the first one mean, "I run regularly and I have run recently enough that you could consider my running to be ongoing and not interrupted by really long pauses"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/PatHargan

Does 'bím ag rith' really imply that I am running right this minute? I have never heard it used like that. Isn't it rather that I am still in the habit of running, although I may be standing still right now?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Moilleadoir

My problem with the sentence & it's current correct translation (I often run…) is that no one would say just that. Yes ‘bím’ is the habitual, but you'd be much more likely to actually add ‘go minic’ (often) or ‘gach lá’ (every day) rather than rely on the habitual itself.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/khmanuel

Wouldn't rithim expess the same thing as bim ag rith, or is there a difference?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mikemilg

From the Wikipedia page "Hiberno-English":

To be

The Irish equivalent of the verb "to be" has two present tenses, one (the present tense proper or "aimsir láithreach") for cases which are generally true or are true at the time of speaking and the other (the habitual present or "aimsir ghnáthláithreach") for repeated actions. Thus, "you are [now, or generally]" is tá tú, but "you are [repeatedly]" is bíonn tú. Both forms are used with the verbal noun (equivalent to the English present participle) to create compound tenses. This is similar to the distinction between ser and estar in Spanish.

The corresponding usage in English is frequently found in rural areas, especially Mayo/Sligo in the west of Ireland and Wexford in the south-east, Inner-City Dublin along with border areas of the North and Republic. In this form, the verb "to be" in English is similar to its use in Irish, with a "does be/do be" (or "bees", although less frequently) construction to indicate the continuous, or habitual, present:

<pre>"He does be working every day." Bíonn sé ag obair gach lá. "They do be talking on their mobiles a lot." Bíonn siad ag caint go minic ar a bhfóin póca. "He does be doing a lot of work at school." Bíonn sé ag déanamh go leor oibre ar scoil. "It's him I do be thinking of." Is air a bhíonn mé ag smaoineamh. </pre>

This construction also surfaces in African American Vernacular English, as the famous habitual be.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/odoinn

It is Hiberno-English though and if it exists in the speech of the people it is included as a possible translation.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/johnnyblade23

That's fair enough but how are non Hibero-English people supposed to know?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/odoinn

Its explained in the notes at the beginning of the lesson.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/scilling

People who only use the Duolingo apps don’t have access to the Tips and Notes.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/segviolation

So while we learn Irish Gaelic we should also be studying up on Irish English? Guess it will help us to avoid being shocked and confused when we hear an Irish person say something like that...


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jamckillip48

Nach fearr: I usually run with my brother?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AnneNoone1

I answeredd (I often run with my brother.) It was correct.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EileanoirCM

It's not standard English but it's absolutely Hiberno-English (in fact this comes from the Irish). In Belfast you hear it often in this format: "She bes awful angry when..." or "It does be cold in the Winter".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/lukeebyrnee

If everyone here who refuses to learn anything other than their "own" standard of English, rather than focusing on where the IRISH language is coming from, there would be a lot less moaning and whining in the comments.

I, and many others, use "do be" and "does be" in common speech with my friends and there is not an eye blinked, and it is understood. And I know this will be downvoted, but if you want to learn Irish, you have to learn the perhaps "non-standard" English that accompanies it here, known to others as Hiberno-English.

I am aware it is hard to understand, and if clarification is needed that is fine, but please try to avoid commenting nonsense about how America and Britain don't use it - that's fine, but it is used in rural Ireland here, and it is quite common.

I does be gettin' quare thick at this though, some small of rage off of yas all here, quare taken for ye all...


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/iad58g
  • 1901

Thing is, this Duolingo course is announced on the Language Courses page as ‘Irish for English speakers’, not ‘Irish for Irish English speakers’ or ‘Irish for Hiberno-English speakers’. We don't necessarily refuse to learn anything other than — we may be willing to learn many languages, but we'd like to learn every one of them through a language we already know. Learning Irish through Hiberno-English only makes sense if one happens to be a speaker of Hiberno-English, and it isn't what we subscribed to.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/OrlyK

Finally I've realised why everybody where I'm from says 'does be'


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CatMcCat

I created a meme for it that I can't upload here, so have to provide a url. Hope it works. Does this convey the feeling at all? I keep thinking I understand this, and then someone says something that causes me to doubt myself. http://cheezburger.com/8437771520


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BlueWillow991967

This sentence is an example of what I mean when I say we sometimes have to translate twice. Once into English, and then backwards into Hiberno-English. The first time I saw "peann reatha" in a book the "English" translation given was "biro." I'm American--I had no idea what the heck a "biro" was, but I could understand "running pen." However, to get the "right" answer, it took translating "peann reatha" into English ("running pen") and then backwards into dialect English. That's fine when the other modern dialects of English all agree with each other and American is the odd one out, but none of the other dialects of standard English except Hiberno English would accept "I do be running" as a grammatically correct and meaningful sentence. This sentence should accept "I habitually run with my brother" which would be correct in England, the US, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand--even if it doesn't quite include the idea that one is running at that exact moment. That's the closest correct English sentence in all other dialects except Hiberno English.

I'm a professional novelist. My editor would never accept "I do be running with my brother" as grammatical plain English, but would only accept it in a passage written as dialog for local color (which can include any form of slang dialog as long as it's consistent for the character speaking). If I tried to tell her it was correct English she would laugh at me and insist I rephrase.

By "meaningful" I mean that no other dialect of English would understand "habitually" as the meaning the speaker was trying to convey. It's not a translation if it just sounds like an odd, awkward sentence and doesn't actually convey meaning. This sentence would only communicate its "English" meaning outside Ireland to a few small, scattered, regional populations--not to English speakers as a whole.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Raftus

I understand what you're saying, but we should never really allow novel editors to be the arbiters of what's right and wrong. They have their own reasons for doing what they do. I'm reading Pinker's "The Sense of Style", in which editors often get short shrift indeed.

I agree it's weird English if you're not from Ireland, but I've heard plenty of people say "I do be this/I do be that" over the years. Maybe other English-speaking cultures could learn this one, they way we all have to grok other countries' idioms all the time?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/freymuth

I think the point that a lot of people are trying to make isn't that "I do be running" is wrong, but rather that "I am running" or "I am often running" is also correct, since many (most?) national Englishes do not make a distinction between a present habitual tense and a present progressive tense.

For languages that don't distinguish between "I run" and "I am running" (German, for example, in which both of these sentences would be simply "ich laufe"), you wouldn't be marked wrong for favouring one over the other; by analogy, the present progressive should be acceptable in non-Hiberno-English where Hiberno-English might require something slightly different.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/PatHargan

I don't think that 'I am running' is a good translation: 'I run' would be much better, since that is the verb form that we use in English to describe a habitual action. e.g. I visit the dentist once a year; I go to France on holiday every summer; I work from Monday to Friday.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/freymuth

That was suggested in one of the billion comments in this thread, and someone else replied that that didn't convey the currentness of the bím ag rith, ie that it is going on as we speak. If I recall correctly, I took that into account when suggesting "I am often running", since adverbs that indicate regularity are not generally used with the progressive present in (most) English (dialects).


[deactivated user]

    The problem there is that scilling is completely wrong in his insistence that bím ag rith implies that I am running as I speak these words.

    Bím ag rith does not imply that this activity is happening right this minute, it means that running is an ongoing activity that I am regularly involved in.

    For example, if you meet a friend for a beer after work, and you say "I'm working for MegaCorp Inc", he understands what you mean, even though MegaCorp inc doesn't allow it's employees to drink beer while they are working. Bím ag obair le OllCorp - it's an ongoing activity, even though I'm not currently actively engaged in it as I speak those words.

    English relies entirely on context to differentiate between something that I'm actually doing, and something that I'm doing intermittently. "I'm reading a book about pirates", even though I'm clearly not, because I'm typing this answer into Duolingo. "I'm learning French", even though I'm currently talking in English in the Irish course. This are all bíonn activities, rather than activities, and they are current, without being immediate.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Felicitas757086

    You're right, William: German would translate both "I run" and "I am running" as "ich renne".

    However, you're wrong thinking that not distinguishing between present tense and present progressive wouldn't be marked wrong. In fact students in Germany have to learn the difference between the two present tenses and they have to learn when to use which.

    Having gone through that I think it's fair enough to allow Irish a third present tense that has another colour of meaning.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/odoinn

    We are trying to appeal to all English dialects and have translations which feel natural for every one to say. Obviously though we have to keep the Irish population in mind considering Iirsh is the national language of the country and has directly influence the English which is spoken here. Lots of work done but obviously still more to do.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NicLiam

    The funny thing is, to mean this doesn't sound Irish at all. It sounds like rather archaic English, probably from the West Country, but certainly rural. "Oo ah, I do be milking the cows" kind of thing.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/johnnyblade23

    I agree and im Irish


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/rna8arnold

    "biro" is ballpoint pen for Americans hope this helps.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Knocksedan

    Named for László Bíró who created the first commercially successful ballpoint pen.

    The Irish for "biro" is badhró.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/soupandbread

    Maybe the 'running' sentence wasn't the best example. 'I do be/it does be' sentence construction (in English) is very common here in Ireland though. eg, 'It does be cold in here,' meaning: it is cold in here right now and it is usually cold in here.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SeanMacAonghusa

    Is this a sentence that only makes sense in Irish? I imagine the English should be "I am running with my brother" but wouldn't that be "Táim ag rith le mo dheartháir"? Is the Bím a mistake?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/alexinIreland

    This sentence certainly seems to make more sense in Irish, though it is correct in English. The translation given is quite literal. The "bím" tells you that it is a recurring action (a habitual action), so this could be used in a sentence like "I do be running with my brother at this time", though the more common way of saying this in English would be "I run with my brother (every day, every week, etc.) at this time".


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/paddyobrien

    "I do be/he does be/they do be... " was quite common in Hiberno-English once. You would still hear it used occasionally


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/PatHargan

    It still is common, I hear people use that idiom frequently.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ballygawley

    You learn every day: Had to look up what Hiberno English means: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiberno-English


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/deannawol

    ...and you hear English teachers rolling in their graves because they have failed.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/paddyobrien

    They can roll away cos they're the ones who were wrong lol!


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/aroacegirl

    So what would a better English translation be?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/galaxyrocker

    Well, if you know African-American Vernacular English, you can say "be," which is a habitual marker as well.

    I be running with my brother is the same meaning as above, in that dialect.

    In Standard English - "I am habitually running with my brother." Personally, I'd prefer Rithim le... (I run with), which still conveys the habitual but doesn't contain the progressive aspect.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/conor.raff

    I guessing the African-American term probably came from the Irish term when the Irish indentured servants mixed with African slaves in the new world (Americas and Caribean).


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/galaxyrocker

    That is one possible origin, yes. But there's no definitive answer, and likely won't ever be one.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Cxom

    I understand what you're getting at, but "do be" still doesn't sit well with me because I have always heard it in the context of African-American Vernacular, as you said, and so equated it almost exactly to "Táim ag rith . . ."


    I am running with my brother. We're training for a marathon and each weekend we run 10 miles together. It's only wednesday today however, so I'm not physically running at this moment, but I am presently running with my brother as a regular and habitual action.

    Would this be an example of when Bím ag rith would be better? Táim ag rith doesn't seem like it would fit in this case, and while Rithim le could fit, it seems more apt to a situation where "I run regularly as I have for the past 30 years and will continue to do"


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/galaxyrocker

    That seems to be the best way to make it fit, honestly. It's just a confusing structure, doing some presently but habitually. Though I do believe Scilling has a good answer above.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/deannawol

    Technically, "I am running with my brother".

    However, it's the constant present tense and that's probably where the confusion is coming from. Physically, it means "I am running with my brother" but there is a difference between "Táim ag rith le mo dheartháir" and "Bím ag rith le mo dheartháir". Probably the easiest way to explain it is "I run with my brother every day" as opposed to a once off action which is what "Tá mé" would imply.

    "do be" is not a proper English construction any more. It's archaeic and has been eliminated even from common Irish construction. It was in Irish usage until probably around 30 year ago, 20 in much more rural areas. For anyone who wasn't reared in the countryside however, it's hard to get your head around the construction. "I do be going out to work at seven o'clock usually but this morning I am leaving at six" implies that the person in question leaves for work at 7am on a daily basis but this morning he leaves earlier. Does that make sense?

    Bí and tá have the same root verb. This will become more obvious when you do the past tense, "Bhí mé ag rith le mo dheartháir" is "I was running with my brother."


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CatMcCat

    Very interesting explanations here, but DL has to stop marking people wrong for translating it into English as "I am running with my brother." What would be helpful would be a way of explaining this kind of structure to people who are learning Irish, but DL doesn't seem to be set up to get into that level of explanation (hence the discussion page, I guess.)


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Moilleadoir

    No “I am running with my brother” is flat out wrong! That would be not . implies you’re doing it now; implies you’re doing it habitually or regularly (not necessarily right now).


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/marruman

    Would this be similar to the French imperfect tense?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/scilling

    The French imperfect is analogous to the Irish imperfect (i.e. past habitual). The French present is used for both the present habitual and the present progressive.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zavanthos

    I don't understand why these kind of questions are being presented to learners with no explanation offered.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EavanM

    I translated it as "I am usually running with my brother" and it was marked as correct.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/freymuth

    Excellent! Looks like the moderators agree with an poblacht.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Denpaja

    I agree. I think a lot of the discussion would have been avoided if 'usually' had been used here instead of 'often'. The latter does not necessarilly imply the 'normal practice' sense that I believe is the intention of the Irish.


    [deactivated user]

      rithim le mo dheartháir go minic - "I often run with my brother"
      rithim le mo dheartháir de ghnáth - "I usually run with my brother"

      bím ag rith le mo dheartháir doesn't mean "I usually run with my brother" any more than it means "I often run with my brother".


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Denpaja

      Thanks! that is helpful. I am glad to see that there is a way to distinguise between what is done 'often' and what is done 'usually' as these words are not synonyms in English, though Duo seems to think they are.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/PaddyCazenove0

      'I run with my brother ' should be accepted


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/19O492554

      Do you see a difference in meaning between "rithim le mo dheartháir" and "bím ag rith le mo dheartháir"?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Eibhlin304394

      Why is 'I often run' insisted on as the answer rather than 'I run' if the objective is to translate the Irish phrase 'I do be running' into grammatically correct English? There is no implication of frequency, simply that the activity is habitual or customary- you could say 'bím ag rith leis gach Nollag' for example i.e. a regular but not 'often' activity. Also some consistency in application of the rule would be helpful - I noticed that 'they are often' is not acceptable as a translation for 'bíonn siad' in another question, but instead the Duolingo translation is 'they do be'? On my laptop version of Duolingo , 'I do be running' is not offered as a possible translation for 'bím ag rith' which it ought to be if the rule was consistently applied between questions.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NicLiam

      If Duolingo were consistent it would be better in so many ways, but these comments sections would be much shorter. And we would have far less opportunity to meet one another and chat.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/B-mhongoadh

      Every language contains phrases and sense that are difficult to translate - which is one reason why vernacular dialects thrive - often ( and beautifully) slang/vernacular express meanings that standard English can't ( as well as rhythms) and that's sometimes why new phrases are generated usually in slang. It's also why sometimes we use phrases in the original tongues - savour faire, aikido, ect.

      Bris sé orm - 'it broke on me' . 'It broke to my disadvantage' doesn't really work . Nor does simply 'it broke' convey the whole meaning.

      The Belfast phrase 'here's me...' is almost impossible to translate into standard English.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mikeinkerry

      I hesitate to add to the comment count (about to become 86) but can't help but think that there are many unresolved issues in this translation. The situation leaves me bewildered.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/reggaelizard

      A question out of curiosity for all Hiberno-English speakers here – is 'I do be [gerund]' a structure that you use often? I've been told that it's usual to say 'I'm after [gerund]' instead of 'I have just', 'I have [language]' instead of 'I speak [language]' and answer yes/no questions with 'I do' or 'I don't' as literal translations from Irish, which I found very interesting, but I was wondering about this one.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/OrlyK

      I hear it regularly if not daily, I'll be honest I never took much notice until recently, so it is part of normal speech. I will say I do/don't is being taken over by yes and no


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Fiachra691900

      Yeah, mostly. Also, «have you drink taken ?» for «have you been drinking ?» I guess that comes from the Irish too. «an bhfuil deoch tógta agat ?»


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/B-mhongoadh

      Aye, and I have to say, after years of trying to get my head round this - realising that 'bím' means 'I do be' makes much more sense to me than trying to remember the distinction between habitual, progressive and something in between. ( I do recognise , tho', it's no help to those unfamiliar with the dialects)


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mairedubh

      I do be running---often is go minic


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TreasaWilson

      I've read everyone of the comments on this thread and I STILL haven't the foggiest idea what this actually means.

      OK, maybe it is used in Ireland, but surely the Irish must mean something by it that is different to either 'rithim' or 'ag rith'. I just don't get it . At. all.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Moilleadoir

      Once upon a time all Irish verbs had different present tense forms depending on whether you were talking about something happening right now or something that happens repeatedly or habitually. It’s a bit like the difference between the simple past and the imperfect in French (except it’s the present).

      These days the habitual form has become the regular form for all verbs except .

      So you could say:

      rithim gach lá (“I run every day”) OR

      bím ag rith gach lá (“I run every day”, lit. “I’m running every day” OR “I do be running every day”)

      BUT táim ag rith gach lá would be wrong because is about now not every day.

      Does that make any more sense?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/19O492554

      And for people learning Irish on Duolingo, Bím ag foghlaim na Gaeilge ar Duolingo rather than Táim ag foghlaim na Gaeilge ar Duolingo.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Moilleadoir

      You could say either, but they have different shades of meaning. It would be fastidious in the extreme to never say táim ag foghlaim na Gaeilge ar Duolingo.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TreasaWilson

      No Moilleadoir, I'm afraid it doesn't. I want to know what "I do be running every day" means i.e. if an Irish speaker chose to say "Bím ag rith gach lá" rather then "rithim gach lá", what would be his intention. What different meaning would he be trying to imply?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Moilleadoir

      Oh, that! That’s a complete red herring. There no significant difference between rithim gach lá and bím ag rith gach lá.

      There is a technical difference, but mostly it’s just the fevered imagination of some people here. They both use habitual tense, though the habitual sense of all verbs except is maybe not so well understood now since there isn’t a contrasting non-habitual form any more.

      The important difference is between táim ag rith and the other two.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NicLiam

      OK, I do be giving up on this one.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/19O492554

      Habitually, or just right now?

      :-)


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mikemilg

      I've deleted my incorrect comment as there is enough confusion. -Is bíonn ever needed with other verbs?


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Moilleadoir

      It isn’t required to get across a present habitual meaning, but it does make it unambiguous.

      Like in English, though, the other time words in the sentence can also carry this information.

      There are also some expressions that don’t have a verb paradigm (e.g. to have, or ag súil le where súil is used like verb though it isn’t one) so there are cases where bíonn/etc is the only option.


      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ThDonaghey

      As another American English speaker thoroughly confused by the "do be" construction Duolingo insists on here, might I suggest the following alternate translations?

      (1) I am as (per) usual running with my brother;

      (2) I am running with my brother, as (or more colloquially, like) I do

      Yet I'm still confused, as I'm seeing disagreement on this thread over whether "I do be running" necessarily means right at the moment; some people seem to indicate that it's equally valid to translate it as a thing regularly done these days.


      [deactivated user]

        As far as I can tell, the only people who are insisting that "I do be running" means right at the moment are people who aren't from Ireland, and who don't actually understand what "I do be running" and bím ag rith actually means.


        https://www.duolingo.com/profile/freymuth

        I've been looking for a source for whether the habitual present implies both progressivity and habituality, i.e. that something is being done now and that it is regularly done.

        From wikipedia habitual be seems to have the progressive and habitual aspect that scilling mentions, but I can't find a good source that definitely makes the case one way or another.

        Do you have one?


        [deactivated user]

          One of the many threads on this topic contains an image from Star Trek TNG, with speech bubbles where Picard asks O'Brien "Why can't you be at your station on Fridays?" and O'Brien replies "I do be watching the Late Late"

          That's a perfectly ordinary use of "do be", and even Irish people who wouldn't be caught dead uttering "do be" will have no difficulty understanding it. People who aren't from Ireland might not get it, even if they think they know what "do be" means.

          It has no obvious progressive interpretation.

          https://www.facebook.com/doyletrek/photos/a.669746649898043.1073741828.669740766565298/675061489366559/?type=3&theater


          https://www.duolingo.com/profile/freymuth

          Sorry, I meant more like an academic source (e.g., textbook or grammar blog). Not that memes don't serve their purpose, but I'm looking for a rule, even if it's just a guideline.

          The TNG post is helpful, since it gives context, though, so thanks!


          [deactivated user]

            It's not something that I've looked for, because it seems so obvious - that's just what that construction means in Ireland.

            You could look at the examples at the bottom of the page for bíonn on teanglann.ie - there's nary a progressive verb form to be seen in the English translations.


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Moilleadoir

            “I am…” is wrong. That would be . It would be better to translate both “bím ag rith…” and “rithim…” as “I run” because in English that can mean something you do habitually or regularly. The verb is the only Irish verb that still has this distinction between habitual and non-habitual. You could make the distinction in all verbs a couple of hundred years ago. I think Irish took up the habitual present as the one form for the present (ending -ann/íonn), but Scottish Gaelic kept the non-habitual (though it has limited use).


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Tht1FndmsFreak

            Am I just supposed to be emulating the stereotypical Irish or Scottish accent? 'Cause that what it feels like they want.


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Daleswords

            Is there a difference in pronunciation between 'bím ag rith' and 'beidh mé ag rith'? Especially when spoken quickly?


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/19O492554

            The pronunciations are quite distinct.

            If you say anything fast enough, you can loose the distinctions, but usually by the time you encounter speech that is fast enough to blur that type of distinction, context provides additional information that the brain uses to interpret the indistinct audio.


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Matthewdk14

            She says Bí Mé not Bím


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/19O492554

            She is definitely saying bím ag rith, rather than bí mé ag rith.

            Apart from the fact that the analytic form would be bíonn mé, rather than bí mé, if you open the audio clip directly in your browser, you should get the option to play it at half-speed, and it will be clear that the sound between m and g is the a of ag, not the é of .

            https://d7mj4aqfscim2.cloudfront.net/tts/ga/sentence/8cecc599046a17418dba3953856a8840


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Dom525971

            Where is the "often" e.g. "go minic" in this sentence? I run with my brother IS a correct translation. Also I come from Wexford, one of the sites of "do be" usage and whilst it is used in casual conversation it would never be written down, and I am sick and tired of telling Duolingo that!


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MeretBraun

            It gives "I often run with my brother" as the correct answer. Where does the "often" come from?!


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Dubnowalos

            Obviously I run with my brother needs to be accepted, as this is the primary way to convey the same thing in English, even though it doesn't carry the same aspectual subtleties as the Irish sentence.


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/John481518

            Do be or not do be?


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/conchurnc

            have people never heard "it do be like that sometimes"?


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Houtje2

            Why is: I run often with my brother not accepted?


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MagicPinkGamer

            Where is the often in the sentence? Because it looks like just "I run with my brother"


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ThDonaghey

            In Irish, and many Irish flavors of English, there exists a present habitual tense. Bí is present habitual and indicates frequency or constancy, which tá does not.

            The writers of this module are not going to allow speakers of other English flavors to ignore this tense - nor should they - but since I don't feel comfortable using the unfamiliar Hiberno-English tense I appreciate other accepted options.


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jamashea

            'Do be' was replaced with 'often'? And that answer was wrong in the last example with this verb...


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Caoimhe733618

            The translation wanted for this in my case was "I often run.." which I don't think is inherently correct either? The translation is "I do be", I wouldn't substitute that for the word "often".


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/johnnyblade23

            I think they should leave this verb form out until later and/or explain that there is no direct equivalent in English. I don't think DL should expect Hibero-English from all learners


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/soundmanfrank

            Difficult to hear/ make out what is being said because of the 'speed' spoken !!


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/soundmanfrank

            Duolingo (Irish) might benefit if the speed of the 'speakers' could be reduced and give a mature student like me a chance to interpret many of the strange translation. Copy the Duolingo French site.


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/scilling

            The French course uses speech synthesis, which is why it has the turtle button for slower playback speed. The Irish course doesn’t have a speech synthesis option, which is why recordings were made for it instead.


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/iad58g
            • 1901

            When I translate Bíonn sé le do mháthair as ‘He is with your mother’, Duolingo agrees. Yet it rejects ‘I am running with my brother’ here. Consistency?


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Knocksedan

            "He is with your mother" (right now) is Tá sé le do mháthair. "He is with your mother" (habitually) is Bíonn sé le do mháthair.

            If "he" is in Dublin today, and your mother is in Cork, the first statement is, de facto false - the obviously aren't with each other. The second statement can be true, even if they aren't actually in one another's company at this moment of time, though.

            "I am running" describes something that is happening right now - tá mé ag rith. The sentence in this exercise bím ag rith does not describe an action that is happening right now, and does not translate as "I am running". To capture the habitual aspect of bím ag rith, you can say I run, but it's not an ideal translation - bím ag rith uses the habitual form of the verb , whereas "I run" uses the habitual form of the verb "run".


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LuinlothR

            Now I see they changed it to 'I often run with my brother'


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/19O492554

            That's a shame, because it doesn't mean "I often run with my brother" (Is minic a rithim le mo dheartháir, or rithim le mo dheartháir go minic).


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MrsMDohert

            How does Bím ag rith translate into according your answer as 'I go' running. I put I be running and it says I am wrong.


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SeanJordan0

            OFTEN ? Where is OFTEN?


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Shelagh198227

            I do be running is acceptable in hiberno English - however, my pc won't even accept this and insists on inserting the word "often" which is not part of the sentence. It is at least a year since i first reported this - and now again


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Estherleeming

            Surely it should have 'go minic' for often


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Bill952097

            I hope you do not teach this non standard English in your English language course, this is local Hiberbo-English not taught in any school in Ireland.


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JohannaMcKenna

            Totally different question: why is "I often run" correct but "I run often" not an acceptable translation for this sentence?


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Stacey773203

            I was marked wrong for saying "I do be running", even that's what the hovering said it meant. How should I know when to say, "I often run"?


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Stacey773203

            Why does it insist upon "I often"? I don't see anything that means "often".


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Moilleadoir

            There is a huge discussion here about it. If you had read it you might have found out.

            Bím is the habitual tense which is used to described things that happen “usually”, “repeatedly” or “often”. Since English doesn’t have the same tense you need to add “often” (or some other expression) to translate it correctly.

            Often the Irish will also use a similar expression WITH the habitual anyway, e.g. “Bím ag rith le mo dheartháir go minic” (often), “Bím ag rith le mo dheartháir gach seachtain” (every week), etc.


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Dragonbrag

            Why is it only "I often run with my brother" and "I run with my brother often" is not accepted?


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Surfbored

            Seems not everything can be translated directly to English.


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Angela768100

            My faith in the true usage would be placed on someone who speaks Gaelige every single ruddy day. Gach la rua Or such. Find me that person and I will harken to them


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SarahBeirn3

            Here, there is no word meaning "often". If you added "go minic", then it would make sense


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/PatrickMcK469355

            The phrase "do be" conveys an ancient way of expressing the habitual. Before the modern entertainment technology, story telling was a nochturnal past time. People would often ask the story teller to " Be telling." Or the comment that, " a crowd of young boys do be making a lot of noise." might get a reply. "Yes, they do be." A peculiar form in English, but it does accurately convey the Irish meaning.


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/hilarymcca5

            Yes, I understand the reason for including 'often' but marking it wrong without 'often' is a step too far, I feel.


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/hilarymcca5

            So 'run often ...' is incorrect: 'often run' is required. Really?


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/alecmcgreehan

            Why does she pronounce it like rothar (bike as gaeilge)


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Melfistofeles

            Why isn't this one "I do be running with my brother"? I'm having a hard time with this tense, I'm used to present simple and present continuous but when I read a mix of both in the sentence I remember it's "present habitual" but my brain hears "continuous", I hope I can get used to it, I feel so confused every time whether "ag rith" for example is continuous or habitual.


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CHVwe

            I live in Ireland and over the years I have heard many variations of English as translated direct from Irish. "I do be" is just one of them. (See thread below). "Hunger is on me" would be another expression I have heard, which is not standard English.


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Eunice746571

            Ag rith go minic


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/H66p6e

            I have just read a fascinating discussion on this topic of ( 70 entries) and have been given to understand that 'often' doesn't provide a correct translation to the tense. Yet I am marked incorrect for omitting it. Are we to understand that 'bim...' can in practice only be translated as 'I often...'?


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Wanjiru979292

            In 50 years i never heard it said this way. I feel "I run with my brother" or " I do be running with my brother" are acceptable. Often translates as "go minic".


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Paul387206

            Duolingo gave an odd Hiberno-Irish answer (not accepting the standard English answer which annoyed some people) in an earlier exercise with bionn. Now they are accepting the standard English answer. It's an odd technique but for me I gotta say it works. I've got the feel of the use of bim now, not just the grammatical knowledge. Yes, as with some memorization techniques the strangeness does help me remember.


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/VincentKel680376

            The sentence in Irish reads: Bim ag rith le mo dhearthair. The word go minic is not included, so how come I run with my brother is wrong?


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Denpaja

            Many in this thread, and others , are fixating on whether the literal translation into English constitutes correct English grammar. The point is, it does not matter whether an English speaker, of any kind, would use the Irish construction in that language. We are learning Irish and, as with many languages, the way a particular idea is expressed is radically different to that of English. In fact it is much better for the learning process to think in that construction. We have accepted that the word order is different so why not go with the flow of the language in other ways too? Once one gets used to thinking in that way it removes a step in the translation process. I think the main reason this causes so much trouble is that Duo, perhaps inevitably due to the 'game' methodology, leads us into competition with the 'correct' answers which are inconsistent in sometimes using literal translation, as in this case, and in others an English phrase expressing the sense of the Irish phrase. As an aside, when I was growing up in Ireland a common way to express a certainty that something was so was to say "It be to be". Perhaps someone can enlighten me as to a possible Irish origin for that construction?


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/VincentKel680376

            I don't see the words go minic in the sentence, so how come it translates into I often run. I would have thought the correct answer is: I run (habitual) present with my brother


            https://www.duolingo.com/profile/rna8arnold

            Such lively discussion over "Bim ag rith" ! BTW this present habitual tense can be expressed in many sign languages of the deaf as they have a rich repertoire of verb tenses and aspects, this done by changing the movement of the verb in different ways. For example present tense is a short movement, repetitive action is done with long repeating movement, present progressive is done with long single movement, habitual present (i.e. bim ag..) is done with short repetitive movements. :-)

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