"Is the tomato a vegetable?"
Translation:Il pomodoro è una verdura?
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No, not exactly; "vegetale" refers to any of the vegetable life-forms, so it could refer to any plant, including algae and trees, as well as their fruits and roots. Verdura instead literally means "the greens" and usually refers to the edible leaves (such as lettuce or spinach) and flowers (like artichoke or broccoli), especially when used as garnish or salad; it can sometimes refer to roots (carrots, potatoes) and fruits of the field (tomatoes, eggplants) as well, although they're technically "ortaggi".