"Why is the food on the plate?"
Translation:Cén fáth go bhfuil an bia ar an bpláta?
go bhfuil = that is
a bhfuil = whom/whose is
atá = who is
An fear a bhfuil a mhac san ospidéal = The man whose son is in hospital.
In English the who/whom/whose distinction is only used for people, but in Irish it also holds for inanimate objects.
Because different dialects use each one. Ulster uses lenition, while Connacht and Munster use eclipses.
Ah, my bad! Cén fáth has to require a relative clause (indirect, to be precise), so a bhfuil is what should be correct in the standard.
Note that that was the standard, however. In Munster, go bhfuil can be used for the indirect relative clause. That's my best guess as to why they're both correct.
"go bufuil" means "that ... is", so in most English sentences that have a "that ... is", you use "go bhfuil", for example, "deir sé go bhfuil sé ard = he says that he is tall".
I'm actually not sure what you mean by "a bhfuil" without seeing it in a sentence. Where have you come across it?
\"an bhfuil" is used for a question. Perhaps that is what you meant?
That makes a little more sense. As for "a bhfuil" I came across it in a 'choose the correct translations' exercise. I chose the one with "go bhfuil" but it was marked wrong and said that both "go bhfuil" and "a bhfuil" were correct. Do they mean the same thing when used in a question?
I don't think so. You would use "an bhfuil" to pose a question. "go bhfuil" may occur in the middle of a question.
Unfortunately without the actual sentences in full to read, it's hard for me to know. If you find some examples come back to me with them.
I don't understand why we are given sentences we have no way of answering! We not only are not given the literal meaning of the words but we aren't given them as an example so there is no way we could know what the construction of the sentence would be like. So this says, "Why is the food that is on the plate?" So every sentence that starts with "Why is" and ends with it being "on" something starts with "Cen fath go bhfuil" ?
Two years later and I still can't do these sentences and don't know what they mean...but it must just be me....
This is the first lesson I've had genuine trouble with. It would be nice if the notes included an explanation of how to use the verb "to be" in questions.
They really do. But the comment that you deleted suggests that you weren't really asking about questions using the verb "to be", like "is it ready yet?" of "are there any donuts left?" or "am I late?", you're confused about "w" questions - "who", "where", "which", "why", "when", "what" and "how", and why some of them are followed by atá, and some are followed by bhfuil, and some of them are followed by the copula.
Rather than making any more assumptions, though, if you give some examples of the type of questions that you are confused about, it might be easier to explain what's happening, rather than providing an answer to a question that you didn't ask.
You are wrong. Your link doesn't explain when to use which form of the verb "to be" in C questions. Or when not to use it for that matter. That was the context of my question.
I really hate our exchanges. They are a negative experience that I do not wish to have. I am going to stop participating in these forums, so that you will no longer have the opportunity to color my experience here with negativity.
You didn't ask about how to use the verb "to be" in C questions, you asked about how to use the verb "to be" in questions.
There's nothing special about the verb "to be" when used with Cén fáth. It is used in the same way as any other verb:
Cén fath a ritheann tú ar an mbóthar?
Cén fáth ar bhris tú an cupán?
Cén fáth nach léann tú an nuachtáin?.
The only oddity with "to be" is that it uses the dependent form fuil, as explained in that link.
"Pick 9 random words you don't understand out of 13". Well, I do understand "bia" and "plata" or "bplata" or "phlata" or whatever it is but I don't know the expected order of the words. I can get the first word right every time because it's capitalised. I have a 1:522956313 (1! + 2! + 3! + ... 12!) chance of getting the rest of the words right, and I have things to do.
If this was a pure typing exercise, I'd be copying my answer each time and changing a single word until I was marked right. Take that, learning! This is not literally impossible, I just don't have the time to brute-force it.
It said that both sentences below were right...
"Cén fáth a bhfuil an bia ar an bpláta"
"Cén fáth a bhfuil an bia ar an phláta"
Why can both be right? I thought only the first one were right..
I don't understand why it says wrong when written:
Cén ina thaobh go bhfuil an bia ar an bpláta?
instead of Cén fáth...
You need a verb: “cén fáth“ = “why“ (literally (“what cause“) “go bhfuil“ (or “a bhfuil“) = “is“ (indirect relative form) To make it clearer, we could replace “go bhfuil“ by a different verb, e.g. “Cén fáth ar rinne tú é?“ = “Why did you do it?“
an bhfuil bia ar an bpláta? means "Is there food on the plate?"
Cén fáth a/go bhfuil bia ar an bpláta? means "What is the reason that there is food on the plate?". In English, that becomes "Why?" but you actually have a question with a relative clause, using the relative particle a rather than the interrogative parrticle an, because the question is in the Cén.
(As the "default answer" listed above indicates, Cén fáth a bhfuil is Cén fáth go bhfuil in some dialects).