Let's look at a sentence with a direct object as well as an indirect object:
- We hebben een cadeau gekocht voor hem.
alternative word orders:
- We hebben een cadeau voor hem gekocht.
- We hebben voor hem een cadeau gekocht.
Now, if you turn it into a subordinate clause, it becomes:
- Nadat we een cadeau voor hem hebben gekocht, gaan we eten.
- Nadat we voor hem een cadeau hebben gekocht, gaan we eten.
Also acceptable (I think), but definitely less formal:
- Nadat we een cadeau hebben gekocht voor hem, gaan we eten.
- Nadat we voor hem hebben gekocht een cadeau, gaan we eten.
So: yes, it's useful to remember as a rule that
if a clause begins with such subordinating conjunctions, the verbs should be at the end of the clause. :-)
Well, I don't see a 1 to 1 correlation between the present perfect in English and the one in Dutch, but in this particular exercise, you know it translates to the English present perfect rather than simple past thanks to "rennen wij" being present tense.
Though now I am curious about how your sentence would be translated. "Nadat wij aten, renden wij". Does this work? Would "Nadat wij hebben gegeten, renden wij" also be ok, or is it too much? :)
To amplify Sowrd299's answer, "after we ate" is fine in its ow , but you have to say "we run" rather than "we ran", because "rennen" is present tense.
Taken together, "after we ate, we run" is not proper English, because it shifts from (simple) past to (simple) present in the middle of a sentence. When you instead say "After we have eaten, we run", you are using present perfect and simple present, which work together.
Is it required to double up on marked pronouns in a sentence in which pronouns are repeated?
So could I write the following?
“Nadat we hebben gegeten, rennen wij.”
If only one were marked, it seems like the meaning would be slightly changed.
Would it put more emphasis on the verb “running”?
Or perhaps the writer is addressing a group that is about to eat, but only the writer and a friend or two plan to run.
Because the [first] verb is always the second component of the main sentence. The clause "nadat wij hebben gegeten" is the first component, so the verb ("rennen") has to come next. Subordinate clauses, such as the one beginning with "nadat", invert word order such that the verb(s) come last.