Can someone please explain why lenition is used in the phrase "Is liomsa an mhairteoil" and not in "Is leatsa an portán"? I could't find any explanation in the rules.
Go raibh maith agat!
If a feminine noun begins with a consonant (other than d, t, s), you must lenite it after the definite article (an).
- an mhairteoil = the beef
- an chloch = the stone
- an fharraige = the sea
- an madra = the dog
- an cóta = the coat
- an fear = the man
I understand that, but is there a way to know if a noun is feminine or masculine? I suppose it's easy to know it if you're familiar with the language, but otherwise...
Offered: "Tá marteoil leatsa agam." (Not guaranteed to be right, though.)
You wouldn't use mairteoil to say that in Irish - that would be pure béarlachas.
You could say Tá gearán agam leatsa, but a more common idiom in Ireland might be "I have a bone to pick with you" - tá cnámh spairne agam leatsa.
I wrote "It is my beef" and it marked it correct. Is there another way to say it such as "Is mo mhairteoil é" ?
It would have to be Is é mo mhairteoil é but the emphasis is slightly different - with it's liomsa é you are declaring your ownership, with Is é mo mhairteoil é you're just describing it.
Good Lord, these are increasingly sounding like 'as the actress said to the bishop' jokes.
I didn't notice a thing! You must have a filthy or filty mind as they say in dear old oirland Aisling !!!!! I notice you are doing a lot of languages. Have they all got weird sentences as on this course ?
For "the beef is yours," would it be "leatsa." Do i just add "-sa" to all the conjugations of "le"?
No, you don't just add "-sa". Please do scroll slightly down in the link and review the "contrast form" in the first table:
This article also explains the use of "leis" (as in le an / le na) as well as "lena / lenar" and others, so it is quite relevant for this course.
So, in speech would you verbally emphasize it or would that be too redundant?
Tugann sin i mo cheann , "Is liomsa an gcailín", (Pól Mac Cartaine agus Micheál Mac Siacais.) Is fuath liom an amhrán sin!