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tá or tú

I'm looking through some notes I took during a lesson and I wrote down Tá úll agat .. but I think I might have written down the wrong word. So far the lesson hasn't repeated this particular phrase and I haven't been able to check it.

I'm thinking if tá tú = you are and tú = you, then tá úll agat = is has an apple ... and that makes no sense but if tú = you ... then tú úll agat = you have an apple.

Can anyone confirm my thinking or set me straight if I'm wrong.

Thanks in advance.

September 3, 2014



Pay close attention to what the individual words mean!

  • = is, are
  • = you
  • agat = at you

  • Tá úll agat = An apple is at you = You have an apple

  • Tú úll agat = You an apple at you (doesn't make sense)

See the "Tips and notes" for Basics 2 for more explanation.


You're right about the first part. Tá=present tense of "to be", tú=you.

Now, in Irish there is no verb "to have"; instead you say 'something is at someone'. So "Tá úll agat" is literally "an apple is at you". "Agat" is the preposition "ag" merged with the pronoun "tú".


I'm sorry but I don't understand what you're trying to say.


Thanks everyone .. I think it's a situation where I need to just accept it the way it is without questioning it and it will get easier with time.

ETA: Thank you to Wolfman Jack who answered my question in his post above. It makes sense now.


... and just because I said it hadn't repeated this phrase it promptly did. It is tá úll agat .. and I answered "you have an apple" .. which I didn't think was correct but it accepted it.

I didn't understand why and read through the discussion notes where someone replied that tá can also be used as a way of saying .. "there is". Is that correct?

If tá = there is and tú = you,

shouldn't my answer tá úll agat = "you have an apple" be wrong? Shouldn't the correct answer be "there is an apple"??

ETA: not questioning the logic of the wording, just trying to determine the correct way to say/write this and wondering if there is a glitch in the beta


But why would tá úll agat = "you have an apple" be wrong?

The "you have an apple" is a completely valid sentence.

It wouldn't be "there is an apple" because it's already saying that you have the apple with the word agat.


tá = is/am/are

ag = at

agam = at me

agat = at you


Tá úll agat literally translates as either "There is an apple at you" or "An apple is at you". As explained in the "Tips and notes" for Basics 1, this is how you say "You have an apple" in Irish. When you use the word with a form of the word ag, it expresses the concept of having something.

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