1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: Irish
  4. >
  5. How to tell if an Irish noun …


How to tell if an Irish noun is feminine (or not)???

I read the note on Lenition, and I was extremely confused. I understand it somewhat and when it's used, but my problem is figuring out how to determine if lenition is needed or not. Can someone elaborate?

September 5, 2014



Someone posted this link in a discussion thread for one of the exercise threads: http://www.nualeargais.ie/gnag/subst3.htm I haven't had time to do more than skim it, but all the information seems to be there, if a bit dense.

Someone also posted a diagram that I saved to my computer, but I don't know how to get it on here, so I'll just copy it out for you (start at the top and work your way down):

Abstract noun ending in -e, -í → f4 (feminine 4th declension, I'm thinking)

Ends in a vowel or -ín → m4

Ends in -áil, -ail, -úil, -úint, -cht, irt → f3

Ends in -éir, eoir, óir, úir (professions) → m3

Ends in slender consonant or -eog, -óg, -lann → f2

Ends in broad consonant → m1

Hopefully those will help you out, at least until someone gets here who knows more than me! When in doubt, you can check in an Irish-English dictionary, which will list the gender in the word's entry. I use this one: http://breis.focloir.ie/en/


For reference, the chart is posted in this here thread.


It's a good idea to always attribute sources. That comes from this page: http://www.nualeargais.ie/foghlaim/nouns.php


Thank you! I will be referencing this a lot.


Do 1, 2, 3, and 4 refer to declensions or something like that? If so, will you give me a lingot? Maybe? It's okay you don't have to. :P


Yes, they do refer to the declension class of the noun.

Learn Irish in just 5 minutes a day. For free.
Get started