How to tell if an Irish noun is feminine (or not)???
I read the note on Lenition, and I was extremely confused. I understand it somewhat and when it's used, but my problem is figuring out how to determine if lenition is needed or not. Can someone elaborate?
Someone posted this link in a discussion thread for one of the exercise threads: http://www.nualeargais.ie/gnag/subst3.htm I haven't had time to do more than skim it, but all the information seems to be there, if a bit dense.
Someone also posted a diagram that I saved to my computer, but I don't know how to get it on here, so I'll just copy it out for you (start at the top and work your way down):
Abstract noun ending in -e, -í → f4 (feminine 4th declension, I'm thinking)
Ends in a vowel or -ín → m4
Ends in -áil, -ail, -úil, -úint, -cht, irt → f3
Ends in -éir, eoir, óir, úir (professions) → m3
Ends in slender consonant or -eog, -óg, -lann → f2
Ends in broad consonant → m1
Hopefully those will help you out, at least until someone gets here who knows more than me! When in doubt, you can check in an Irish-English dictionary, which will list the gender in the word's entry. I use this one: http://breis.focloir.ie/en/