1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: Irish
  4. >
  5. "I eat and she eats."

"I eat and she eats."

Translation:Ithim agus itheann sí.

September 7, 2014



Why would si need to be at the end? Isnt that just for she is?


It’s not just for “she is”. Itheann sí is an independent clause, so it follows the usual verb-subject-object (VSO) word order of Irish.


What is the object? There isn't one in English. How do I know there's one in Irish?


I'm assuming is an implied object in a sentence like this.


ith and "eat" are both transitive and intransitive verbs - they do not require an object. There is no implied object in this sentence, but that doesn't mean that it doesn't follow the normal VSO order in Irish and SVO in English.


'Is cailín í', and 'itheann sí' when should I put 's'


The form is used only when it’s a subject of a sentence and it’s adjacent to the sentence’s verb; otherwise, the í form is used.


Why doesn't "I eat" require mé after the verb, but "she eats" requires the sí? (Boy am I going to learn the alt-codes for the diacritics with this language!)


Ithim “contains” a inside of it. I believe you’re technically allowed to say Itheann mé but it’s not recommended.

[deactivated user]

    Does Ithim equal Itheann mé?


    Yes it does. The "synthetic form", ithim is preferred for first person present tense verbs in the dialect that Duolingo teaches but the "analytic form" itheann mé is used in other dialects.

    [deactivated user]


      Why do I have to write itheann sí and not itheann í?


      and are used for the subject of active verbs.


      Oh gooooosh, this lang makes my heart beat faster! Gaeilge i mo chroí ! Dea Matrona save the Éire


      All this Irish is falling on completely new ground in my brain. If I ever catch on to a pattern here (are there any patterns) we'll have to happen by exposure because I'm not seeing any patterns. Is Gaelic derived from Latin or Germanic or Slavic or a combination.


      I think Irish (or Gaelic) was one of the first European languages to split off of Indo-European,whitch explains why unlike most modern day European languages Gaelic uses VSO rather than SVO word order. At least it seems that way to me.


      Give that PIE was SOV rather than SVO or VSO, your conclusion lies on shaky grounds.

      It is generally agreed that Hellenic (giving rise to modern Greek) was one of the earliest to diverge from PIE, and that Italic (giving rise to Latin and all of the Romance languages) diverged shortly before the Celtic languages did. The Germanic languages are relative latecomers.


      My tablet does not allow an accented i.


      It almost certainly does, but you have to figure out how to get to it.

      For most touch screen devices, a "long-press" on the letter on the onscreen keyboard will bring up an overlay with accented versions of the letter.


      It depends what brand it is but you have to hold the letter and a selection of accented versions of that letter should come up. Example: é or í


      Why isn't it "Ithim úll agus itheann sí"?


      Ithim úll agus itheann sí means "I eat an apple and she eats".

      There is no "apple" in this exercise.


      Úll means apple in Irish.


      Why would si need to be at the end? Isn't that just for she is? i got very confused


      When do I use itheann for I eat vs. ithim for I eat?

      I feel like I need a classroom and a teacher to start understanding the grammar.

      [deactivated user]

        You don't use itheann for "I eat". The 1st person pronoun is included in ithim.

        Ithim - "I eat"
        Itheann tú - "You eat"
        Itheann sé - "He eats"
        Itheann sí - "She eats"
        Ithimid - "We eat"
        Itheann sibh - "You guys eat"
        Itheann siad - "They eat"
        Itheann Pól - "Paul eats"
        Itheann an fear - "The man eats"


        Where do I put my tongue for this th sound? It is like s/sh/th


        When do you know when to use sí and í

        Learn Irish in just 5 minutes a day. For free.