We were asked to complete the phrase Biachlár na with options bhialann, mbialann and bialainne Two out of three could be right, surely? Biachlár na bialainne = The restaurant's menu Biachlár na mbialann - the restaurants' menu (part of a chain with identical menus?)
No. "restaurant menu" would be biachlár bialainne. Here you have the singular definitive article (realized as na because bialann is a feminine noun. Able to tell because it doesn't eclipse), so you have to have "the" in the answer.
But should 'THE restaurant menu' be accepted? In the sentence 'Cat na scoile' the correct answer would have been 'The school cat' and my answer 'the school's cat' was wrong. For me these sentences seem to be similar type.
Actually, "The Restaurant Menu" should be "an biachlár bialainne" (The menu of a restaurant)
hata + fear = hata fir
A hat of a man
hata + an fear = hata (de chuid) an fhir
A hat of the man
an hata + fear = an hata fir
The hat of a man
an hata + an fear = hata an fhir
The hat of the man
I'm not sure about this. In English, 'the restaurant menu' could just as easily mean 'the menu of the restaurant' as 'the menu of a restaurant'. So it might best be rendered as 'biachlár na bialainne', depending on the context.
Also, 'the menu of a restaurant' very often means exactly the same as 'a restaurant menu', just as 'a duck's feather' or 'a duck feather' means the same as 'the feather of a duck'. But I wouldn't use the definite article in Irish to give that meaning, even though one is used in English.
Because it's a feminine noun, and 'na' is the form of the article that goes with a feminine noun in the genitive singular.
There are no options available to choose. (Reported May 2019) I can find no way past this - no option to 'Use keyboard", "Refresh" just brings me back to the beginning and the question then repeats at some stage. 'Skip' moves on to the next question but then this one comes up again later and still has no options. Any suggestions?
Given that this is a Sentence Discussion, and that the only people reading Sentence Discussions are other people who are trying to learn Irish, I can suggest that you post your question in the Troubleshooting forum, or take a screenshot that demonstrates the problem, and submit a bug report with the screenshot. Adding details like whether you're using the web interface or one of the various different mobile apps might help too.
It appears to be a known issue, as I found it being discussed in the Troubleshooting Forum, across many if not all languages. It may be that those of us using older computer software are having more issues. I appreciate your prompt and useful response, thank you.
ns. biachlár m.
declension 1 mostly m ns. ends broad gs. palatalisation
A weak plural: npl. = gs. (+a) gpl. = ns.
npl. biachláir gpl. biachlár
Please stop posting your own personal marginalia in the comments. If you need to quote a dictionary entry to answer a question go ahead, but don't use the sentence discussions as your own private notebook.