https://www.duolingo.com/VonBrown

Prepositions

Some prepositions require the dative case....do all? Or, do some dictate another case, and if so how does one find which requires which case? How about "für" does it affect case at all?

September 5, 2012

2 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Katherle

Prepositions require either the dative case, the accusative case or (less common) the genitive case. "Für", for instance, requires the accusative case. A good dictionary will tell you which case is needed when you look up the preposition.

Most prepositions like "für" can be followed by only one case. However, a certain group of prepositions called "two-way prepositions" can be followed by either the dative case or the accusative case depending on whether they indicate a fixed location (dative) or motion (accusative).

Ex. 1 "Ich bin in EINEM Haus" (I am in a house. Fixed location - dative).

Ex. 2 "Ich gehe in EIN Haus" (I go into a house. Movement - accusative).

Dative prepositions: aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu, gegenüber

Accusative prepositions: durch, um, gegen, für, bis, ohne, entlang [when used as an accusative preposition, "entlang" comes after the noun, e.g. "die Straße entlang" = along the road]

Genitive prepositions: anstatt, statt, außerhalb, innerhalb, trotz, während, wegen

Two-way prepositions: vor, hinter, über, unter, neben, an, zwischen, auf, in

See also:

http://duolingo.com/#/comment/33770

http://german.about.com/library/blcase_dat2.htm

http://german.about.com/library/blcase_acc2.htm

http://german.about.com/library/blcase_gen2.htm

September 5, 2012

https://www.duolingo.com/VonBrown

@Katherle.....thanks for the very informative post. (there seems to be a great deal to memorize).

September 5, 2012
Learn German in just 5 minutes a day. For free.