Does trinkt translate to "drinks" and "is drinking"? And if so, how do I know which one it is? 'She drinks the milk' is an odd statement but it would have to happen in real time for someone to utter this sentence. 'She drinks milk' implies a habitual act and 'She is drinking milk' is a present tense statement. Which one of these am I saying with "Sie trinkt die Milch"?
I just had this same question a few lessons back. Apparently, there is no ongoing tense in German. So "she drinks" and "she is drinking" is the same translation. It depends on context. But if you wanted to further elaborate, you could use the German word for "at this moment" or "right now."
When does it change from "Der to "Den??
When it's in the accusative case -- for example, when it's the direct object of a verb.
Der Mann sieht den Hund. "The man sees the dog."
der Mann is the subject and is in the nominative case, der Hund is the object and is in the accusative case den Hund.
The formal version of "you ", "Sie" with a capital "S" takes a different form of the verb "trinken". It cannot be confused with "she " even if "sie" is capitalized at the beginning of the sentence, because "sie" meaning "she" takes the verb form "trinkt" However, "they " as "sie" also takes the verb form "trinken" and could be confused with "Sie" if it were at the beginning of the sentence. If the sentence were "Sie trinken die Milch", then both "They drink the milk." and "You drink the milk." would have to be accepted as correct.
Well by some magic your question made it past my filter for the thousand of duolingo messages I receive. Seriously it is ridiculous, but while I am unfollowing the thread I suppose I will answer.
If I recall correctly it has to be "She" instead of "They", because the verb ends in -t, for it to be they it would have to end in -en.
It's arbitrary. Sometimes word endings help let you know if a noun's masculine, neuter or feminine. This page has good tips: http://www.learn-german-smarter.com/learn-german-articles.html
No, it cannot, because Milch is a feminine word, and den is accusative masculine, not accusative feminine.
If she were drinking juice or coffee, it would have been Sie trinkt den Saft, Sie trinkt den Kaffee because Saft and Kaffee are masculine words.
With a neuter word such as Wasser (water), it would have been Sie trinkt das Wasser.
So you have to choose the correct article that matches the grammatical gender of the word.
How can one differentiate the uses of 'die','der' and 'das' because all of them mean 'the' ?
Use der before masculine nouns, e.g. der Stein "the stone".
Use die before feminine nouns, e.g. die Person "the person".
Use das before neuter nouns, e.g. das Mädchen "the girl".
Whether a noun is masculine, feminine, or neuter is something you have to look up in a dictionary and memorise. As you can see from the examples above the grammatical gender is (in general) unrelated to the meaning of the word.
"Sie" means "they" and "sie" means "she"?
sie can mean either "she" or "they". Capitalised Sie means "you".
At the beginning of a sentence, you can't tell the difference between sie and Sie.
But you can tell the difference between "she" and "they/you" by the verb ending. See the other comments on this page.
What's thr difference between (den) & (die)??
They are both forms of the definite article.
den can be
- masculine accusative
- plural dative
die can be
- feminine nominative
- feminine accusative
- plural nominative
- plural dative