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  5. "He is a boy."

"He is a boy."

Translation:Is buachaill é.

September 17, 2014



It seems to me so far that "e" (accented of course) is used with "is", and "se" is used with "ta".. am I correct in thinking so?


Yes. And when you use é with another verb (i.e., with anything but is),it means "him".


Could you also say ta se buachaill? (with accents over the a and e in ta and se?


No, you can't. isn't used in these types of classification/identification sentences.


Well what types of sentences should it be used for

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Is buachaill é = He is a boy.
is is used to equate things: he = boy

Tá sé blasta = It is tasty.
is used to describe things. You also say things like "Tá úll agam" to say "I have an apple". It literally means "An apple is at me" because Irish does not have the verb "to have".


That's what I thought!


The name boy was introduced to me until in this question? It was a lucky pick otherwise I would have lost a heart which hurts a lot. ; (


I lost a heart becauaw of this


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When do you use é and when do you use í it confuses me

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é/sé is "he"
í/sí is "she"

For more details:


what isn't "t\a s\e buachaill correct?


Why? Because when you are using an identification or classification sentence, you need to use the copula form, is. You can't use with it.


You're learning Spanish too. It has a similar feature: soy and estar.


Why not "is é buachaill"?

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Because that's just bad syntax.


Yes. But it might seem like good syntax to a learner, since it's more or less what a normal verb (like or itheann) demands.

Crucial point: is is not a real verb. It takes a different word order than every other Irish sentence.

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Well, it is a defective verb. Who's to say if that's the reason why it (usually) takes a different syntax.

And yes, usually Irish is Verb-Subject-Object, but these sentences are structured Verb-Complement-Subject, with a modified pronoun.

Although I'm told that "Is é Paras an príomhchathair na Fraince" is the correct way to say it, so exceptions and inconsistencies abound, as in any language.


Gasúr means boy, therefore it is correct not wrong!


Yes. Is gasúr é should be accepted.


How do you accent


In Gaelic, an accent is called a "fada". What keyboard layout version are you using? If it is a UK keyboard, press the "Alt Gr" (Alt Graphic) with the specific vowel you require an accent over.


In Irish. Gaelic actually doesn't use the fada, but a grave accent.


What is "Is" then?

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Where English only has one "to be", Irish has two different ways of getting that concept across. It's roughly similar to "ser" vs "estar" in Spanish, but the grammar in Irish is very different.

Irish grammar is usually Verb-Subject-Object. But when you use the defective verb "is", that changes to Verb-Complement-Subject, and certain pronouns use a slightly different form.

"Is" is used when you're equating two things, almost like "equals" in mathematics. "He is a boy" in English is "Is buachaill é" in Irish, literally "Is a boy he".

It might help to review this page: https://www.duolingo.com/skill/ga/Basics-1/tips-and-notes


Irish is so confusion like wtf

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Yes, Irish is put together differently than English is, so it does take a little getting used to. Have you read the lesson intro? https://www.duolingo.com/skill/ga/Basics-1/tips-and-notes


Thank you Rae.F. Re: "Is buachaill sé" - which you translate as "She is a boy." Did you really mean "sé" is "a girl"? Or were you confusing "sé" and "sí"? That leaves me wondering. How would "Is cailín sé" translate?

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Please reply directly to me instead of making a new top-level comment.

And yes, I was confusing the difference between é/sé and í/sí. Sorry about that.

The copula is is a bit defective and takes a different syntax than other verbs. To say "is buachaill sé" is ungrammatical. There is no direct equivalent in English, but it's roughly analogous to saying "Him is a boy".


I can't seem to figure out when to use ''is..e'' & ''ta...se'' .Is there a secret formula?

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