My understanding is that teaghlach means household family, clann means descendants through your own line, and muintir means your entire extended family past, present, and future.
In Munster, chlann nearly rhymes with “clown” in the same way that German Haus nearly rhymes with “mouse”. (The vowels are similar to the English ones, but not identical.)
It sounds more like you'd expect in the Ulster dialect - just "clan" with a "chhh" and a short "a"
Is the translation of an chlann "the CHILDREN" correct? I thought that AN is article only for singular.
Yes. Clann means family, but in essence it refers to children. An bhfuil clann agat? is "Do you have a family (children)"
That's interesting, because you can have family (be married) but haven't kids.
That's true. In my country (Czech rep.) we first ask for family and if the answer is yes than we ask for kids. :-)
A “strict” meaning of clann is “descendants”; for example, grandchildren can be included as part of a clann, but ancestors never are. One could think of it as being a collective noun, like “team”, potentially (but not necessarily) comprising multiple individuals.
Exactly! Where I'm from in America, if I ask "Do you have a family?" I'm asking about kids.
They're different words. Clann is the group of children of (typically) the same parents - the set of siblings (and sometimes means all descendents). Páiste is a child.
Scilling mentioned clann as essentially meaning "descendants", but I thought that's what Ó means (as in Ó Maoláin, for example).
There's no conflict; two words can mean the same thing. The noun ó primarily means "grandson", but can also mean "descendant". Yet you wouldn't ask after someone's óí, but rather after their clann.
Ó does not mean "descendant" (noun), but rather it is a particle that implies one is "a descendant of."
But your parents, aunts, uncles, and other ancestors would not be a part of your "clann".
Scroll down with a browser at this page for the tips and notes if you don't have them: https://www.duolingo.com/skill/ga/Family
muintir means family including all relatives. clann can be siblings or children from one set of parents. teaghlach is the nuclear family living under one roof.
What Allintolearning said is correct. When you ask my mother what her Irish connection is, she says, "My dad's people came from Tipperary." "Muintir" would be the "people" in that sentence.
"Clann" can include grandchildren (and, presumably, great-grandchildren). Think of it as "descendants" (or, possibly more accurately, "descendants which you actually live to see").
"Teaghlach" would be "household" or "immediate family" (I would use it to include my grandparents who lived up the street and whom I saw every day, even though they weren't technically in my "household" growing up).