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Don't worry, I have more lingots than I need.
About the subjunctive, just try to enjoy your time of basic studies when you are not supposed to use them :).
The subjuntive is like "the unreal mode" of a verb which is about wishes and opinions etcetera. It exists for all conjugations and in present time as well as past time.
For example "I speak = hablO", but "he wants me to speak (here: he wants that I speak) = quiere que hablE".
And the example above is just for first person singular, present time and regular -ar verbs. You can imagine...
Typography (including capitalization) rules are different in different languages. In Spanish, adjectives of place, months, days of the week, nationalities, languages, and several other classes of words that we capitalize in English are simply not capitalized in Spanish. German, on the other hand, capitalizes many words that we do not capitalize.
The "do" form is the standard way of distinguishing a simple question in English. There are many colloquial or vernacular ways of saying things that are simply excluded as correct answers because to include them would result in so many answers being allowed that teaching normal usages and distinct usages would become impossible. The question "You speak English?" is a SHORTENED form of "Do you speak English?" You could shorten it further to "Speak English?" or even "English?" or even a grunt, and you could argue for the "correctness" of all of them, but then there would be no standard and no learning.
The only reason is just a spanish grammer rule theat you must learn. you cant compare grammer rules like that.
No problem! i have had many heaaches from comparing languages. NEWSFLASH: You CANNOT do it. They have different grammer rules. Hope that helped.
if you need any more help, tell me. I'd love to explain something should you need it. Good luck!