Translation:The bread and the cheese were on the table.
Agreed (though it's a feature in more languages than just Dutch). I do find the Danish course a bit too rigid in its insistence on literal translation instead of functional ones. The bread and cheese can technically 'stand', 'sit' or 'lie' on the table in English, too, but speaking that way in regular conversation will get you some weird looks. Quite old fashioned and flowery language.
If they do not stay on the table when you lay them there then you probably do not want to eat them anyway. That is no lie.
"stood on the table" sounds weird to me."stod på bordet" is fine. You might say "lå på bordet" but "lå" sounds a little more careless than "stod". I would say "stod" implies a formal meal whereas "lå" implies that they are merely kept there. You may want to just say "var på bordet" as in English "The bread and the cheese were on the table"
When I wrote the last sentence I must have been thinking of bread and cheese as mass nouns (which have no plural form -"some bread and cheese" or "the bread and cheese"). But earlier on I used "they" and "them" (not "it"). I was sending mixed signals. That is confusing. I apologize.
There are also nouns that have no singular form, such as "glasses", "scissors", "trousers" and if I'm not mistaken "bellows" (as singular "bellow" means something different - I trust you will correct me if I'm wrong).
In Danish you could say "en buks" and "en brille", but that sounds a bit out of time. You would normally say "bukser" and "briller". Scissors would be "en saks" and bellows would be "en bælg". I could go on, but I digress.
At stå, står, stod, (er)/har stået. Transitive: at stille, stiller, stillede, har stillet.
Let's do some more. Some Danes - even adults - have trouble distinguishing the intransitive and transitive forms.
At sidde, sidder, sad, har siddet. Transitive: at sætte, sætter, satte, har sat.
At ligge, ligger, lå, har ligget. Transitive: at lægge, lægger, lagde, har lagt.
At være, er, var, har været. Sorry, no transitive form. Would be handy though. Let there be bread and cheese.
Completely unrelated, but some Danes confuse these as well:
To jump: at springe, springer, sprang, er sprunget. Transitive (same origin but sort of a different verb for "blow up"): At sprænge, sprænger, sprængte, har sprængt.