Translation:The cook did not like the oranges.
Is there anything wrong with "The cook couldn't suffer oranges"? Those are the clues and the phrase is (or was) commonly used.
Maybe not if you were Shakespeare but it's not the natural way to say this in modern English.
And what is wrong with saying "the cook could not like the oranges"?
"Could not" means unable, it's not the same as as "did not".