klein = positive form, kleiner = comparative form. So, "Der Mann ist kleiner" means "The man is smaller".
However, in this case, the adjective needs inflecting, as it is in front of the noun. So "Das ist ein kleinER Mann" = "That is a small man", as klein must be inflected by adding -er in this case (mixed inflection, masc. nominative). If you want the comparative form, kleiner also needs inflecting, so "Das ist ein kleinerER Mann" = "That is a smaller man".
Have ten lingots from me for explaining this and christian can have five.
So here "das" translates to "this" and "that" as well. This is not the case all over duolingo. Just in a previous lesson, I translated "das" into "that" and it told me it was wrong. How so?
Not every possible translation is in their system. Use the report button if you think your translation should be accepted.
Ok, perhaps next time. This time, I'm already past it and can not access the same case again, can I?
You can always use the "Support" button on the left of your screen. It's not as convenient, though.
Hey Moderator! Some very basic grammar point need inserting. Like previously in color too. We are all struggling with these...
You have to go to other sites for that. That's just how Duolingo works. You're welcome to read mine, if you want.
I highly recommend reading GregHullender's blog post "How to Memorize German Cases," which he has pasted a link to above. It is very good.
No, you need to decline the adjective.
indefinite article -> mixed inflection
The "er" in "kleiner" is supposed to be pronounced as a vowel. It would be wrong to pronounce it as a consonant.
It is pronounced, just not as a consonant. British English (Received Pronunciation) follows a similar pattern.
Two things you should pay attention to are both, the "ein-words" and the actual noun itself.
Firstly, "ein" was said, "kleine" should not follow (it would have been "eine" instead).
Next, "Mann" is a masculine noun, so an -e ending is only ever used if "der" proceeds the adjective for masculine nouns. An Example: "Der kleine Mann ist klein."
So when you hear: "...ein....adjective.....masculine noun", you should instantly know that that adjective needs an 'er' ending. Eventually you will hear a difference! :)
"kleine" and "kleiner" sound almost identical. It is very hard for beginners to distinguish them in speech. But you will start hearing the difference after a while.
Does this sentence refer to some, size things? Or just saying the man is not a tall, strong guy? Thanks
Starting to learn artlcles for cases and have found: der kleine Mann, die kleine Frau, das kleine Kind. Why do we not use das klein Mann, die kleine Frau, das klein Kind in the nominative?
das is the article for words of neuter gender.
The word Mann has masculine gender, so das Mann is wrong -- it has to be der Mann.
klein is wrong here because attributive adjectives (basically, ones used before a noun) need an ending that depends on gender, number, and case as well as on what sort of word (if anything) is in front of the adjective.
After a definite article, adjectives take weak inflection, which is -e in the nominative singular for all three genders, so it is der kleine Mann, die kleine Frau, das kleine Kind.
Perhaps you were led astray by the fact that it's ein Mann, eine Frau, ein Kind, but the indefinite article ein, eine, ein does not inflect quite like an adjective.
Would Duo accept "shorter" man here? Far be it from me to speak of a "small" man, whether or not I think it!