https://www.duolingo.com/teamGLAM

Basic 2

So I'm pretty new to this language thing :) I'm loving duoLingo, but I'm havin a TERRIBLY time with Basic 2. Does anyone have any tricks to remembering the differences between things like "they" and "we" and all the different forms of "eat," "drink," etc.?

Any fun little mnemonics or other tricks will do!

June 12, 2013

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/ziggKogg

I suggest you write down all the forms of the verb that get provided;

so for example

to eat

[in one coloumn] - mangio, mangi, mangia,

[in another column] - mangiamo, mangiate, mangiano.

And when you run into a new verb just write that down in the same kind of format. Eventually you'll be able to picture a little table in your head and be able to pick out which form of the verb to use. Many forms just change the letter at the end; with some weird exceptions; so mnemonics won't always be reliable.

June 12, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/CreyB

There is a basic pattern for verb conjugations in Italian that can help you learn the various forms. However, there are LOTS of exceptions ("irregular verbs"), so the following is a very BASIC primer for the pattern of present tense verbs: There are basically three "types" of verbs, which are determined by their endings: "are" (comprare - to buy), "ere" (vedere - to see) and "ire" (aprire - to open). To conjugate regular verbs in present tense ("I buy", "I see", "I open"), drop the infinitive ending ("are", "ere", "ire") to get the verb stem, and then add the appropriate ending based on the "person" performing the action. The endings are all very similar. verb stems: COMPR (COMPRare--drop the "are"), VED (VEDere -- drop the "ere"), APR (APRire --drop the "ire"). SUBJECT Io (I) comprO vedO aprO tu (you, single) comprI vedI aprI lui\lei(he\she) comprA vedE aprE noi (we) comprIAMO vedIAMO aprIAMO voi (you,plural) comprATE vedETE aprITE loro (they) comprANO vedONO aprONO

If the verb stem ends in "i" (mangiare has a stem of "mangi") do not double the "i" with any ending (for example, it's "tu mangi" and not "tu mangii"). For irregular verbs the endings are generally the same, but the stems are different (for example, "bere" has a present tense stem of "bev"). Unfortunately, you need to learn these on a case by case basis.

ziggkogg's suggestion of creating tables to help is a very good one.

June 12, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/CreyB

I hate it when the formatting gets wiped on posting....

June 12, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/ziggKogg

It is sort of tricky to have your post in the format you're picturing.

June 12, 2013
Learn Italian in just 5 minutes a day. For free.