When you are introducing something new, you use neuter singular in German, e.g. "das" or "dies", regardless of the gender and number of the thing that you are introducing.
(My theory is that this is because when you're talking about something new, you don't yet know how many there are or what gender because you haven't started talking about them yet -- but anyway, that's how it goes.)
So while in English, you have number agreement (singular/plural) for the demonstrative "that/those" or "this/these", German does not; no gender agreement, either.
"Das ist ein Messer - das ist eine Gabel - das ist ein Löffel - das sind Männer - das sind Frauen - das sind Kinder".
If it had been "Diese sind deine Hunde", that would have meant "These ones are your dogs". That would be used in a situation where you already know that you are talking about dogs, and you want to single out a specific group of those dogs and say something about them.
In such a case, where you know that you are talking about some specific kind of object (in this case: dogs), you can have gender and number agreement.
But as I said, that's equivalent to "this one / that one / these ones / those ones" rather than "this/that/these/those" for new things.
Sorry, but that discussion doesn't help me understand this. In the tips and notes of this lesson: "der," "die" and "das" can also mean "that (one)" or "this (one)" depending on the gender of the respective noun, and "die" can mean "these" or "those."
Why is it "das" when refering to a plural masculine noun?
It's because "sein" (to be) is a special verb. Because of that, das can refer to singular and plural nouns of all three genders.
I have two questions regarding the link you posted. This "possessive pronouns" table looks almost identical to that of definite articles (der, die, das), and it says these can be used as substitutes for nouns. In caught my attention since it differs from the "possessive pronouns and determiners" table I've been using ( http://goo.gl/lRFzfS ). The latter includes dieser, diese, dieses, and says that these can be used both as determiners or as substitutes for nouns.
So my question are: (1) which set of words are more commonly used as possessive pronouns? Der, die, das or dieser, diese, dieses? (2) I read elsewhere that der, die, das may be used also as determiners, by laying heavy emphasis in spoken language. Is that commonly done?
I still don't understand the difference between dative, accusative, and nominative.
This section has way too many unanswered questions. This and the fact that theres are no notes for this lesson makes me feel like I'm learning nothing at all about what seems to be an important part of German.
If dein/deine is for Singular then why is this not euer/eure in this sentance because we are using the plural of dog? And Hund is masculine so should it not be "Dein Hunde"?
I think it is because the noun, in this example, dogs, belongs to only one person, you. It's many dogs belonging to one person, therefore deine. If those dogs, or even only one dog, belonged to more people than one, it would be eure.
Your first statement is correct, the dogs belong to one person, you (2nd sing.)
However, if it's several dogs belonging to multiple people (you, 2nd pl.) it would be 'eure Hunde' while one dog belonging to multiple people (you, 2nd pl.) would be 'euer Hund'.
Also, Hunde is plural. therefore, the word dein is corrected to be deine even though Hunde is masculine
what's the difference between "deine" and "eure"? I think they both mean "your"..?
"dein(M)-deine(F)" = your (single person), "euer(M)-eure(F)" = your (all, plural)
This set up for Americans? Most of the time I'm saying it identically and it's just not having it. What part of the country is the accent from?
Can someone explain me, please? Why it's not "dein" instead of "deine"? Thx :)
those/these is used to refer to something plural, that/this to something singular.
This is a book. These are books.
That is a man. Those are men.
In German, however, when you introduce something new, you do so with a neuter singular pronoun - das or dies - regardless of the gender or number of thing(s) you are introducing.
So the above would be Dies ist ein Buch. Dies sind Bücher. Das ist ein Mann. Das sind Männer.
Use deine before feminine or plural nouns.
Use dein before masculine or neuter nouns.
Das ist dein Löffel. Das ist deine Gabel. Das ist dein Messer. Das sind deine Kartoffeln.
"This is your spoon (m.). This is your fork (f.). This is your knife (n.). These are your potatoes (pl.)."
Why does it use "deine" while it's talking about "hunde" which is a masculine name!!? Shouldn't it be dein?!
Please help by true or false 1-diese sind deine hunde 2-dies sind deine hunde 3-diese sind eure hunde 4-das sind eure hunde 5-das sind euer hund 6-das sind dein hund 7-dies sind dein hund
Man! I was hoping it would take "hounds" for "Hunde". Guess "hound" just isn't a common or general enough word in the standard English dialect.
My problem is that this question says to type what you hear...i did...in german...got it wrong because it was meant to be in English...the question should say ro translate what you year
Okay this is Confusing I can't break this Words
Das sind diene Hunde The + own + these + Dogs Am I missing something here? Or Das is Equivalent of Ihr in Possesive?
Does duo lingo get more strict about spelling? I put diene instead of deine and got marked incorrect. It used to just say i had a typo
If a typo results in a valid word, Duo can't tell whether you wrote the wrong word by mistake (fingers slipped) or on purpose (misremembered whether the German word means "roof" or "root", for example).
diene is "serve" -- a valid German word. So Duo can't tell whether you meant to write this valid word or not.
If you had written, say, daine (which is not a word), it would probably have been considered a typo for deine.