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# Maltese Lesson 3

As you may know, I have been trying to get Maltese on here, but it hasn't happened yet. So, if you wanted to learn it, maybe you can learn a bit from these lessons that I will post.

<h1>Maltese Lesson 2 - Numbers & Adjectives</h1>

## Numbers - Cardinal

• The following are the cardinal numbers in Maltese:

• 1 = wieħed ('WEE-hed')

• 2 = tnejn ('t-nAYn') / żewġ (zOOj)

• 3 = tlieta ('tl-EE-ta')

• 4 = erbgħa ('AIR-ba') / also spelt 'erba'

• 5 = ħamsa ('HAM-sa')

• 6 = sitta ('sItt-ah')

• 7 = sebgħa ('sEb-ah')

• 8 = tmienja ('t-mEEn-ya')

• 9 = disgħa ('dEEs-a')

• 10 = għaxra ('AW-shrah')

• 11 = ħdax ('h-dAsh')

• 12 = tnax ('t-nAsh')

• 13 = tlettax ('tlet-Ash')

• 14 = erbatax ('air-ba-tAx')

• 15 = ħmistax ('h-miss-tash')

• 16 = sittax ('sit-Ash')

• 17 = sbatax ('s-bat-Ash')

• 18 = tmintax ('tmin-tAsh')

• 19 = dsatax ('dsat-Ash')

• 20 = għoxrin ('AW-shrin')

• 21 = wieħed u għoxrin ('WEE-hed - oo - AW-shrin')

• 30 = tletin ('tlet-een')

• 40 = erbgħin ('AIR-been')

• 50 = ħamsin ('HAM-seen')

• 60 = sittin ('sit-een')

• 70 = sebgħin ('seb-een')

• 80 = tmenin ('tmen-een')

• 90 = disgħin ('dees-een')

• 100 = mija ('mEE-ya')

• 101 = mija u wieħed ('mEE-ya - oo - wEE-hed')

## Numbers - Ordinal

• The following are the ordinal numbers in Maltese:

• 1 = l-ewwel ('lEh-well')

• 2 = it-tieni ('it-tEEn-ee')

• 3 = it-tielet ('it-tEE-let')

• 4 = ir-raba' ('ir-rAba')

• 5 = il-ħames ('il-HAm-es')

• 6 = is-sitt ('is-SIt')

• 7 = is-seba' ('is-sEb-ah')

• 8 = it-tmien ('it-tmEEn')

• 9 = id-disa' ('id-deesa')

• 10 = l-għaxar ('lash-AR')

• As in many languages, the adjective in Maltese comes after the noun. Here are a few examples:

• il-karozza ħamra = the red car (directly translates as 'the car red').

• ir-raġel kwiet = the quiet man (directly translates as 'the man quiet').

• it-tuffieħ tiegħek = your apple (directly translates as 'the apple of yours'. We'll get to this later).

• Maltese adjectives have three forms - masculine (maskil), feminine (femminil) and plural.

• The adjective has to fit the noun. So if there is more than one red car, it's not il-karozzi bajda , it's il-karozzi bojod , bojod being the plural form of 'white'.

• We'll learn the colours and their other forms in one or two lessons time.

• Here are a few common adjectives (first showing masculine, then feminine, then plural):

• happy = ferħan / ferħana / ferħanin

• sad = imdejjaq / imdejqa / imdejqin

• big = kbir / kbira / kbar

• small = żgħir / żgħira / żgħar

• good = tajjeb / tajba / tajba

• bad = ħażin / ħażina / ħżiena

• hot = sħun / sħuna / sħan

• cold = kiesaħ / kiesħa / kesħin

• dirty = maħmuġ / maħmuġa / maħmuġin

• new = ġdid / ġdida / ġodda

• beautiful = sabiħ / sabiħa / sbieħ

• ugly = ikrah / kerha / koroh

• Now, if you remember the sentence it-tuffieħ tiegħek (meaning 'your apple'), you will have noticed that the possessive also comes after the noun .

• This isn't something you need to worry about. Here are the possessive pronouns:

• mine = tiegħi

• yours = tiegħek

• his = tiegħu

• hers = tagħa

• ours = tagħna

• yours (plural) = tagħkom

• theirs = tagħhom

Next week, I'll be doing colours and sentence building. Until then, learn these notes, and come back next week!

Grazzi ħafna!

StrapsOption

###### Maltese Language Resources

October 4, 2014

Falcon delight

Thanking you

Welcoming you!

How do you get that grey line and embed links?

• Grey line = `---`

• Embed links = `[Writing](url)`

Like this:

## Hello

Thanks! :)

Numbers from 2 onwards have different forms when followed by a noun:

2 = żewġ/ġiex (second form) and żewġt (third form)

3 = tliet and tlett

4 = erba' and erbat

5 = ħames and ħamest

6 = sitt

7 = seba' and sebat

8 = tmien and tmint

9 = disa' and disat

10 = għaxar and għaxart

The third form is used mostly when the noun has one syllable and begins with two consonants. Then the noun takes an "i" at the beginning.

Examples:

2 = tnejn, żewġ nisa (two women), żewġt irġiel (two men)

From 11 to 19, when the number is followed by a noun, you add -il at the end and use singular form of the noun (unlike from 2 to 10 where you use plural)

Examples:

11 = ħdax, ħdax-il mara (11 women but gramatically 11 woman), ħdax-il raġel (11 men but gramatically 11 man)

For higher numbers you combine them maintaining the rules as above.

For example:

4321 men = erbat elef, tlett mitt, għoxrin u wieħed raġel.