Duolingo is the most popular way to learn languages in the world. Best of all, it's 100% free!

https://www.duolingo.com/Matt92HUN

"Sofern du isst, brauchst du Wasser"

Matt92HUNPlus
  • 11
  • 11
  • 10
  • 10
  • 10
  • 9
  • 9
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 5
  • 5
  • 5
  • 4
  • 794
5 years ago

27 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Matt92HUN
Matt92HUNPlus
  • 11
  • 11
  • 10
  • 10
  • 10
  • 9
  • 9
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 5
  • 5
  • 5
  • 4
  • 794

Why doesn't it accept "if you eat, you need water"?

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/esni

I write it too, and accepted

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/daraosn
daraosn
  • 11
  • 11
  • 3

Could "Sofern" mean "Given that..."? In this case: Given that you eat, you need water.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mszegedy

Provided = given, so yes

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/achyut
achyut
  • 17
  • 10
  • 7
  • 2
  • 396

If you eat, you'll need water. - what would this translate to in German?

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/bericp1
bericp1
  • 15
  • 7
  • 6
  • 2

I believe it would be: "Wenn du isst, wirst du Wasser brauchen."

But I'm no expert.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Matt92HUN
Matt92HUNPlus
  • 11
  • 11
  • 10
  • 10
  • 10
  • 9
  • 9
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 5
  • 5
  • 5
  • 4
  • 794

Doesn't wirst mean will?

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/bericp1
bericp1
  • 15
  • 7
  • 6
  • 2

I believe so. The last part of his sentence is future tense if I'm not mistaken, so:

"...you will need water"

would be

"wirst du Wasser brauchen"

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Matt92HUN
Matt92HUNPlus
  • 11
  • 11
  • 10
  • 10
  • 10
  • 9
  • 9
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 5
  • 5
  • 5
  • 4
  • 794

Is if you eat, you need water incorrect in English then? (It's not my first language.)

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/bericp1
bericp1
  • 15
  • 7
  • 6
  • 2

It is correct to say:

"If you eat, you need water." (present tense)

Although it sounds a bit more "native" if you say:

"If you eat, you'll (you will) need water."

which I believe is future tense (though it might be subjunctive, I'm not sure) and it basically means

"You'll need water soon because you are eating."

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Matt92HUN
Matt92HUNPlus
  • 11
  • 11
  • 10
  • 10
  • 10
  • 9
  • 9
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 5
  • 5
  • 5
  • 4
  • 794

Thanks, I guess they'll fix it.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ozgeakd
ozgeakd
  • 13
  • 11
  • 4
  • 3

Does it matter how we order the words? For instance, can I say "Sofern du isst, du brauchst Wasser."?

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Teresinha
Teresinha
  • 16
  • 15
  • 15
  • 14
  • 13

It matters! The conjunction demands the inversion in the second sentence.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ozgeakd
ozgeakd
  • 13
  • 11
  • 4
  • 3

Then the rule is: After comma, put the verb in the first place?

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/PatriciaJH
PatriciaJH
  • 25
  • 25
  • 21
  • 7
  • 187

Sort of. Normal sentence order for a statement is noun first, verb second. In a simple sentence, that would be "Du brauchst wasser."

Here, you've got a dependent clause after the conjunction: "Sofern du isst", and that gets treated as a single unit. (Verb goes last in a dependent clause -- my father, who speaks some German, used to whinge about these long, long German sentences where you have to wait and wait for the verb, which comes last. This how they get that way...)

Then the independent clause's verb has to go second, and the rest of the independent clause gets reordered to let that happen: "brauchst du wasser"

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ozgeakd
ozgeakd
  • 13
  • 11
  • 4
  • 3

Thanks! It really helps, though it seems I will have tough time with the conjunctions. :(

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/PatriciaJH
PatriciaJH
  • 25
  • 25
  • 21
  • 7
  • 187

Heh, try my secret weapon -- answering other people's questions! I think I know the answer, but then I have to research like crazy to make sure it's right -- and I wind up learning all sorts of things I wouldn't have otherwise.

Conjunctions made me sweat, too -- and I bet they will make me sweat again when they come up for review.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ozgeakd
ozgeakd
  • 13
  • 11
  • 4
  • 3

You are definitely right! Discussions are really helpful.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/bericp1
bericp1
  • 15
  • 7
  • 6
  • 2

Just for clarification, could one also say then:

"Du brauchst Wasser, sofern du isst."

?

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ozgeakd
ozgeakd
  • 13
  • 11
  • 4
  • 3

I suppose it is correct.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/HennaG
HennaG
  • 20
  • 10

I'm not native english and I don't understand this. Could someone explain what this sentence means?

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MelsWolf

"If you eat, you need water." It's like having a cup of water at the dinner table.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/HennaG
HennaG
  • 20
  • 10

Okei, thanks. The phrase "provided that you are eating..." is new for me and sounds just wrong. :)

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MelsWolf

In English, we wouldn't say "provided that you are eating" unless for school (in health classes) or very formal things (like going to the doctor). For every day use we would use "if" which is basically the same thing, "provided that" is just more formal. Hope that makes sense!

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Bharad.kv
Bharad.kv
  • 25
  • 10
  • 10
  • 3
  • 3

Is it wrong to say "Sofern du isst, brauchst Wasser du "

It was a dictation question for me, so couldn't try it

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Schorschi

Yep, that's wrong. Sounds like Yoda.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/keshergege

I thought that in conjunctions, the dependent part is ordered in a way that the verb is last, like: "sofern du isst, Wasser du brauchst". I guess I am wrong, but now I am not sure about how to order the dependent part in conjunctions... some one can help me?

5 years ago