1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: German
  4. >
  5. past participle

past participle

[deactivated user]

    Are all (or the vast majority) of past participles in german of the form ge+verb e.g sehen and gesehen or are there many german verbs with 'ge' as part of the infinitive?

    September 19, 2012



    "gebrauchen" - "Ich habe das Werkzeug gebraucht." (Either from "gebrauchen" - to use or from "brauchen" - to need) You only know from the context.

    "genehmigen" - "Ich habe den Antrag genehmigt."

    "geloben" - "Ich habe gelobt, etwas zu tun" (to promise, to vow) "Ich habe das Kind gelobt." (from "loben" to compliment)

    "gestellen" - "Ich habe das Regal gestellt." (Either from "gestellen" - to provide or from "stellen" - to put (upright))

    "gewähren" - "Etwas wurde mir gewährt." (Something was granted to me) - "währen" - "Was lange währt, wird endlich gut." (to last)

    "gestalten" (to design)

    ... there are lots.


    The "easy" forms of past participles are: ge-(root)-t; (root)-t; ge-(root)-en; (root)-en. Here (root) means the root of the verb (example: ROOT[arbeiten] = "arbeit"). Examples: meinen -> gemeint ; erwarten -> erwartet; sehen -> gesehen; verlaufen -> verlaufen. I don't remember any verb with the particle "ge-" being part of the root. Apart from this, there are a bunch of Starke Verben, they have irregular participles and you must learn this exception by practicing (don't worry, just a few of them are really bizarre).

    Learn German in just 5 minutes a day. For free.