Danish: Possessive Pronouns
I have been stuck on the skill block for possessive pronouns. Well I've passed it and I can go through and do the activity but I'm still not really understanding it and I've read the notes over and over again but it's not really helping either. Like, I understand how min/mit/mine is my or mine and what the words mean I just don't know when to use them, and the same with the sin/sit/sine part. If someone could possibly explain and give an example using words that I know from the previous skill blocks that would be great! Thank you, in advance
min kat = my cat = en kat
mit hus = my house = et hus
mine katte = my cats = mine katte (plural)
Lotte drak hendes cola Lotte could have drunk somebody else's cola, but if we were to say 'Lotte drak sin cola' We would imply that Lotte drank her own cola.
Michael kan ikke finde sit kamera Michael can't find his own camera.
Michael kan ikke finde hans kamera. Michael can't find somebody else's camera.
Michael kan ikke finde sine blyanter Michael can't find his own pencils
If the cola/camera/whatever is owned by the subject of the sentence, use 'sin' If the cola/camera/whatever is owned by somebody else than the subject of the sentence, use 'hans' or 'hendes'
Just to start off, I'm not exactly sure what words have been learnt yet or not, so I'll try and keep them simple with translations
Min/mit/mine are used exactly as you would "my" or "mine" in English, like you said (e.g. huset er mit (The house it mine), Han har min bil (He has my car))
Sin/sit/sine are used to express who owns it. It will always be Jeg har min bog (I have my book) or Du har dit hus (You have your house) and the same for the plural "you" (I). But when it's not so obvious if the subject owns an object or indirect object, or if someone else does, sin/sit/sine is used, for example: Han har sin bog (He has his (own) book) vs. Han har hans bog (He has his (Someone else's book). It can be a bit tricky to get the hang of, but it's all down the practice