I guess ' De jongen is bedroefd want zijn vinger doet pijn' should also be OK, so I reported that.
Yes, it is correct too.
Can I use triest instead of bedroefd?
What is the diffrence between verdrietig and bedroefd ?
I wrote, "de jongen is verdrietig omdat zijn vinger doet pijn." and it was marked wrong for using "omdat". Can someone explain why using "omdat" is wrong in this sentence?
Omdat is fine but the word order is wrong.
Word order in Dutch! It's all Belgian solutions. http://www.belgian-solutions.be/
Why does the word order change depending on which word we use?
Are there situations where "want" would be more appropriate than "omdat"? (Or vice versa?)
Generally, they are pretty interchangeable, but there is a slight difference. Want gives an argument to your statement, while omdat gives a reason.
Ah, dank je wel!
why is "doordat" not okay here?
Can I use 'want' here?
Yes, you can use "want" like: "De jongen is bedroefd, want zijn vinger doet pijn"
I see you used a different word order ("doet pijn" instead of "pijn doet"). Is it because "want" requires a different word order from "omdat", or is it just that both orders are possible?
'omdat' and 'want' indeed require different word orders. For both words there is only 1 correct order: 'doet pijn' for 'want' and 'pijn doet' for 'omdat'