https://www.duolingo.com/zzagozz

Comparisons

Ok, so I have a problem with the rules here. I had to translate the sentence " The teacher likes the small dog. ", and I had three options, one obviously wrong, and the other two were : " Der Lehrer mag den klein Hund." and "Die Lehrerin mag den kleinen Hund.". So the question here essentially is should the adjective be klein or kleinen. As I understood it, if there is a definitive article before the adjective(der die das den etc.), you just use the simple form of the adjective, with no -en, -es and so on. I have an example here: "The big move - Der große Umzug", and I saw at least 1 other example. What is the actual rule/ where am I mistaken?

6 years ago

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Katherle
Katherle
  • 25
  • 22
  • 12
  • 3

The adjective remains unchanged if it is used after the verbs "sein" and "werden": "Der Hund ist klein".

If it is used as an attributive adjective, i.e. before a noun ("Der Lehrer mag den kleinen Hund", "der große Umzug"), you have to add an ending ("suffix"). Which suffix you have to use depends on several factors:

  1. article before the noun (der-words, ein-words, unpreceded)

  2. case of the noun

  3. number of the noun (singular/plural)

  4. gender (only relevant if the noun is singular)

For more information, see:

http://coerll.utexas.edu/gg/gr/index.html?si=adj

http://www.nthuleen.com/teach/grammar/adjektivendungenexpl.html

6 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/helenvee
helenvee
  • 25
  • 25
  • 187

Thank you so much for those links. They are very helpful.

6 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/richardlevay

thanks. these are really hard, we could do with more lessons and an 'tips and notes' section really

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/backtoschool
backtoschool
  • 25
  • 11
  • 4
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2

I found that the whole comparison lesson had no comparison learning text, how comes????

I understand under a comparison a sentence like: "My house is smaller than yours" for instance.

There was not a single exercise like that in the whole lesson, just sentences like:

The boys sleep on a small bed.

There is no comparison in it. :-(

Just wondering.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ahmedsayedothman

I agree with you .where can I find the (good ,better , best) thing? the degree or grade of each adjective and the rules for that.

5 years ago
Learn German in just 5 minutes a day. For free.