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https://www.duolingo.com/skwz44

Using "vos"

skwz44
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Hello, Duolingo! You may (or may not) know it; there is one pronoun that exists in Spanish that I don't see being used here. I'm talking about the pronoun "vos".

From what I've been reading, it is used in parts of South America but not at all in Mexico and Spain. I have also read that this is a little more formal than tú but less formal than usted, but I still don't get it. Can someone please further explain this?

Also, how does one conjugate verbs with vos?

Thanks and hoping for some feedback. Have a great day!

4 years ago

11 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Milaena
Milaena
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"Vos" is used in Argentina, it is the equivalent of "tú" :) Also, when using the "vos" form, all you do is drop the last letter "r" from the initial form of the verb (let's use "decir" as an example), and replace the "r" with an "s." For seguir, you drop off the "r", and it will be "seguís." Instead of saying "tú sigues" you will not need to stem change...it will be "vos seguís." Now for the mandates/commands, just take the verb in its initial form (comer, for example) and drop off the "r" once again to make "come," and you put the accent on the "e." If you are telling someone to eat, you say <<iComé!>>

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/itastudent
itastudent
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When you need to conjugate a verb in the vos form, you can use WordReference Conjugator to make sure the way you should write that form.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AlejoPF
AlejoPF
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Complementing what you've wrote, I've heard that vos is used in Chiapas (Mexico), it is also used in Central America and in Caribbean Spanish (Cuba, DR, PR) is not used at all. The "level of formality" depends on the region, as far as I know in Costa Rica is not well seen to use tú (unless you're a foreigner, I guess) or in Chile they use vos in really informal situations (just flaites use it all time).

Voseo (from vosear: to treat someone using vos) according to the RAE : lema.rae.es/dpd/?key=voseo

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Ivanka_ps
Ivanka_ps
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In Chiapas, really?? Where did you see that?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AlejoPF
AlejoPF
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"A grandes rasgos, puede decirse que son zonas de tuteo exclusivo casi todo México, las Antillas, [...] coexisten el tuteo como tratamiento de formalidad intermedia y el voseo como tratamiento familiar en Chile, en el estado venezolano de Zulia, en la costa pacífica colombiana, en Centroamérica y en los estados mexicanos de Tabasco y Chiapas".

"In broad terms, It can be said that the areas where tuteo is exclusive are most of Mexico, the Antilles, (...) Tuteo coexist as intermediate formality treatment with voseo as familiar treatment in Chile, the Venezuelan State of Zulia, in the Colombian Pacific coast, in Central America and in the Mexican States of Tabasco and Chiapas."

Tomado del Diccionario Panhispánico de Dudas (RAE) (It's the link in my last comment).

PD: I apoligise if there are some mistakes in my translation

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Ivanka_ps
Ivanka_ps
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Realmente interesante, mira que no tenía ni idea de que en México se usaba también el voseo. Y ahora tengo una razón más para visitar Chiapas :D.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/gonzalo0984

in my country, paraguay, we use 100% vos

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Spanishowl18
Spanishowl18
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Vos is the old Spanish form of tú. Vos, Te, Ti and Tú, Te, and Ti. Some countrys still use Vos such as Argentina. Vos is the singular form of Vosotros. Later it was change to Tú because it didnt make since to use Te Ti and Tu (ownership) with Vos. Vos has the same conjugation as Tú, Vos is some times used in documents.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Adina_atl

Vos is used and conjugated in different ways in different Latin American countries. Generally I would wait until you have a time and a place to use it before learning the rules specific to that time and place. It can be more or less formal than tú depending on place, or it can even be vulgar, "uneducated", or insulting.

The Spanish Wikipedia article on Vos has been translated here: https://www.duolingo.com/translation/4ff2b96b2d8686b66f3247ea0ca37c28

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/vessiecakes
vessiecakes
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Further to all the above commentary, you'll occasionally hear it in Spanish movies set in the past so it is useful to understand.

3 years ago