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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/StrapsOption

Maltese Lesson 5

As you may know, I have been trying to get Maltese on here, but it hasn't happened yet. So, if you wanted to learn it, maybe you can learn a bit from these lessons that I will post.


<h1>Maltese Lesson 5 - Food & Three Basic Conjugated Verbs</h1>

Food

  • The following are some common foods in Maltese, listed like this - singular / plural:

  • apple = tuffieħa / tuffieħ ('tuff-EE-ha / tuff-EE-h')

  • banana = banana / bananiet ('ba-NA-na / ba-NA-neet')

  • orange = larinġa / larinġiet ('lahr-IN-jah / lahr-IN-jeet')

  • strawberry = frawla / frawliet ('frOW-lah / frOW-leet')

  • grape = għenba / għenbiet ('EHN-bah / EHN-beet')

  • prickly pear = bajtra tax-xewk / bajtriet tax-xewk ('BY-tra-tash-shewk / BY-treet-tash-shewk'). I had to include this, they're everywhere in Malta.

  • carrot = karrotta / karrotti ('kar-OT-ah / kar-OT-ee')

  • potato = patata / patatiet ('pa-TA-ta / pa-Ta-teet')

  • onion = basla / basliet ('BAS-lah / BAS-leet')

  • cabbage = kaboċċa / kaboċċi ('cab-OCH-ah / cab-OCH-ee')

  • pea = piżella / piżelli ('pee-ZELL-ah / pee-ZELL-ee')

  • fruit = frotta / frottiet ('frOtta / frOtt-eet')

  • vegetable = ħaxix / ħxejjex ('hash-EEsh / h-shAy-esh')

  • cake = kejk / kejkijiet ('cAke / cAke-eet')

  • bread = ħobż ('hObs')

  • egg = bajd ('bIde')

  • meat = laħam ('LAH-ham')

  • Next, you will learn an essential verb to put these foods into use...


Three Basic Verbs

  • Maltese verb conjugation is something that involves lots of learning, and is a story for another day. In the meantime, here are three very useful and essential verbs:

To Be

  • I am = Jien

  • You are = Int(i)

  • He is = Hu(wa)

  • She is = Hi(ja)

  • We are = Aħna

  • You (plural) are = Intom

  • They are = Huma

To Eat (note that this verb is irregular)

  • I eat = Jien kilt

  • You eat = Int(i) kilt

  • He eats = Hu(wa) kiel

  • She eats = Hi(ja) kielet

  • We eat = Aħna kilna

  • You (plural) eat = Intom kiltu

  • They eat = Huma kienu

To Have

  • I have = Jien għandi

  • You have = Int(i) għandek

  • He has = Hu(wa) għandu

  • She has = Hi(ja) għandha

  • We have = Aħna għandna

  • You (plural) have = Intom għandkom

  • They have = Huma għandhom

  • N.B.: With the obvious exception of the verb 'to be', it is not necessary to include the verb 'to be' in front of other verbs. For example, to say 'I have', one can simply say 'għandi', instead of 'jien għandi'.


Right, time for some more questions!

I. How do you say 'You have your cabbage'? Remember how the possessive adjectives work!

II. What (have you noticed) is the most common way to make the plural of nouns?

III. Translate the following:

  • il-piżella

  • għandkom it-tuffieħ

  • Huma ħxejjex


I hope this makes sense to you. I'm happy to provide assistance if you need it. Until next week!

Grazzi ħafna!

StrapsOption

Missed the other four lessons? Here they are:
Maltese Lesson 1
Maltese Lesson 2
Maltese Lesson 3
Maltese Lesson 4
Support the cause:
Why Duolingo should have a Maltese Course
Duo Goes to Malta
Maltese Language Resources
MALTESE PLEASE!

October 19, 2014

17 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tnel1

Interesting! :) Oh wow, checked out some of your links...you made some really charming stuff! I want to go to Malta now!!!!!! Thank you for your sincere efforts & for teaching us about Malta/Maltese! You made my day!

p.s. so it is influenced by Arabic I see? (oh yes, looked it up. about 30%) how cool!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/StrapsOption

Grazzi ħafna!

Yes, Maltese is a mix of Arabic, Italian and English (with a tiny bit of French). It is the only Semitic language in the EU, and the only Semitic language in the Latin alphabet.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ellie_holland

Hi straps where did you learn your Maltese and do you live in Malta? I live in Malta and can speak the language and some of the words and conjugations above are not all correct! For example the singular for strawberry is frawl and plural is frawl!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/StrapsOption

Bonġu! I don't live in Malta, but I have links, and I learn Maltese mostly from these books. Are you sure there aren't multiple different translations?

And you say you're Maltese?

<h1>IVA!!!</h1>

Would you like to apply for the Incubator to make a Maltese course? I will add you to the team!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/het_aapje

Grazzi ħafna! Do you have a course on memrise?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/StrapsOption

Il-pjaċir hu tiegħi! About the Memrise course, I don't have one, but I started making the first of a three part course. I'll tell you when it's out.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/StrapsOption

Actually, I just finished it.

Maltese!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/StrapsOption

Grazzi ħafna, that's so great to hear!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SDPhil

I randomly came across this announcement, but it is really interesting to me how Maltese share a lot of vocabulary with Arabic.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/StrapsOption

Yes, there is a lot of shared vocabulary. Maltese is a Semitic language after all. People sometimes forget because there's lots of Italian and English influence too.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SDPhil

I never knew Maltese was a Semitic language. When I think of Semitic, I think of the normal three: Arabic, Hebrew, and Aramaic. Thanks for the new knowledge. :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Rohan.sims1

Thank you so much for these lessons!!!!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Rohan.sims1

Kilt is ate not eat, I eat is niekol, you eat is tiekol etc


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ZoranS.

Yes, you are right, he has mixed up the present with the past.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AnthonySci984512

Regarding the verb TO EAT you are wrongly translating the English present tense with the Maltese past tense. The right Maltese form for the present tense is as follows: jiena niekol, inti tiekol, huwa jiekol, hija tiekol, aħna nieklu, intom tieklu, huma jieklu.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tonid

Two important notes.

First of all, jien can also be jiena. Originally, the two were used for two genders, but now they're interchangeable.

Second of all, Maltese has a collective in addition to plural. And in the case of fruit and vegetables, collective is used very often!

For example: - If you want to say: one tomato, you say: tadama waħda - If you want to say: two tomatoes, you say: żewġ tadamiet - BUT if you want to say, there are tomatoes (but you can't say exactly how many and that does not matter): hemm tadam

Please add the collective to all the fruit/vegetables, thanks! :)

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