NO, because "nero" in this case is an adjective. Italian adjectives change to agree with nouns ( gender and number ) they modify, so quellA (feminine) nerA or quellO (masculine) nerO.
Ok, so how would you say it? As in, "I prefer this [darker] black [over that lighter one]."
Out of interest, what is the difference between "preferisco quello nero" and "preferisco quella nera"? Would you refer it back to the context of whatever you were talking about?
I believe so. If you were referring to "un vestito", it would be quello nero....and if you were referring to "una camicia", it would be quella nera. Native speakers, please correct.