https://www.duolingo.com/mmgery

Help! Indefinite Pronouns!

mmgery
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It would be really great if someone could explain the differences between these words and how to use them in sentences and why:

Alle en alles Sommige Verscheidene en verschillende Paar Elke en elk Enig en enige Enkele Ieder

Dank je wel!

Matt

4 years ago

3 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Simius
Simius
Mod
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Let me try! Many of these are interchangeable with each other, in most cases.

  • "Alle" = All. This is not a pronoun, but an adjective.
  • "Alles" = Everything.
  • "Sommige" = Some, not all.
  • "Verscheidene" = "Verschillende" = Several. These are also adjectives and mean more or less the same. Note: "verschillende" can also mean different.
  • "Een paar" = A few. Literally this also means a pair, but the idiomatic meaning (a few) is very common.
  • "Elke" and "elk" = Each. The former is used for de-words, the latter for het-words.
  • "Enig(e)" and "enkel(e)" = Certain, some, a couple of. Refer to a specific, small subset.
  • "Ieder(e)" = Every.

Some examples:

  • Alle appels zijn lekker = All apples are tasty
  • Alles is lekker = Everything is tasty
  • Sommige appels zijn lekker = Some apples are tasty (but not all)
  • Verscheidene appels zijn lekker = Several apples are tasty (refers to some specific tasty apples).
  • Ik heb een paar appels = I have a few apples
  • Elke appel is lekker = Each apple is tasty
  • Enkele appels zijn lekker = Certain apples are tasty
  • Iedere appel is lekker = Every apple is tasty
4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mmgery
mmgery
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A lingot for you, sir! Thanks so much! One additional question, though: how do I know when to use verschillende or verscheidene? They appear to mean the same thing. And the same goes for enig(e) and enkel(e).

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Simius
Simius
Mod
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Yep, they are usually interchangeable! You can just pick one.

4 years ago
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