"Have you never run?"
Translation:Heb jij nooit gerend?
With motion verbs, you use "zijn" when the motion has a goal/destination or a direction. The rest of the time, you can use "hebben".
- Ik ben naar huis gerend. (= destination)
- ik ben rechtdoor gerend. (= direction)
- Ik heb deze week tien kilometer gerend. (= no destination and no direction)
It's confusing knowing other Germanic languages in this instance. Scandinavian løbe/løpe/löpa mean to run as well as German laufen (which I believe also means to walk). Eloping is also the act of running away to get married (from Dutch ontlopen, in fact). It's just pretty interesting that lopen takes on this meaning specifically in the Netherlands
Hardlopen exists in Dutch as well, this is running as a sporting exercise. Rennen is used in basically all other situations, e.g. when you run to catch a bus. Those are the two forms of running. And regarding other forms of using one's legs there are wandelen and kuieren which mean to walk, the latter is even more relaxed/casual than wandelen. And there's also the sport racewalking, which is snelwandelen in Dutch. Together with lopen that pretty much covers it. One nice one to mention is uitwaaien, basically this is a walk on the beach or on the dijk/dunes when it's windy. A nice way to clear one's mind or "een frisse neus halen". :)
One confusing thing is that hardlopen can be shortened to lopen when it's clear from context that hardlopen is meant, so runners will often do this. Also sentences like ik loop de marathon or ik loop de 100 meter are the normal way to refer to the running sport.
BTW in Belgium, lopen (to run) and stappen (to walk) have different meanings than in the Netherlands (respectively to walk and to go out). This can be confusing to Dutch and Belgians too.
Dag Jan. In Nederland is "lopen" niet "rennen"(to run),maar daar het de betekenis van "hardlopen" aanneemt (hier dus), wordt jou suggestie voor deze keer door Duo aanvaard. Ik was verstrooid, schreef (gedreven door mijn Vlaamse intuitie) "lopen" ipv "rennen",maar aardige Duo nam het aan! Joepi. Lu.