The difference between "student" and "studente" is...? male/female?
That's correct! "student" is the male/general term for a student, and "studente" specifies that it is a female student.
Dank je wel!
Does this mean in a case like this, if we're given the English translation of course, that de student would be okay as well as de studente?
Yes, it does.
Up until now, "newspaper" has always been "krant" but all of a sudden it's "dagblad" and "krant" is marked as wrong? Wat.
Perhaps you wrote "het krant"? It is "de krant" and "het dagblad", and Duolingo may have suggested a correction based on "het".