"She is from Ireland."
Translation:Is as Éirinn di.
As takes the dative, so Éirinn rather than Éire is required. One could use either í or di as the subject.
Thank you. I didn't know there was a dative case in Irish or that it caused changes to nouns. I have not encountered the dative case doing that in any other language with which I am familiar.
The dative exists in Irish, but it’s mostly identical in form with the nominative; only a relative handful of nouns have a distinct dative form. Other languages with distinct dative declensions include Latin, ancient Greek, Sanskrit, and modern Slavic and Baltic languages (as well as others).
EDIT: German dative plurals can have a distinct form (e.g. singular nominative Mutter, plural nominative Mütter, plural dative Müttern). German dative pronouns have distinct forms (e.g. nominative ich, accusative mich, dative mir).
Yes, just a few nouns in German. I knew about German pronouns. Sadly I never studied Latin. At school I had to choose between Latin, Spanish and German. I would have gladly done all three, but for timetable reasons it was not possible. I chose German and pursued it to degree level. I am learning Spanish on Duolingo now and would also do Latin if only Duolingo offered it.
I found the late Gavin Betts’ Teach Yourself Latin to be an excellent book. (I have the first edition; I think that the fourth edition was published a couple of years before he passed. I haven’t looked at any edition after the first one.)
I know that this is a preposition exercise. But is 'di' actually necessary? Or does it change the meaning of the sentence in some subtle way, if one says "Is as Éirinn di" instead of "Is as Éirinn í"?
I said the latter, and was corrected, though it didn't count as an error.
"As" is the preposition meaning "out of," though it can also be translated to mean "of," or even "in."
Tá mo mháthair bródúil asam=My mother is proud of me. Níl muinín ag mo dheirfiúr asam=My sister does not trust me/My sister does not have trust in me.
When there's no pronoun, it remains "as." So the above sentence is basically saying, "She is out of Ireland," meaning she's from there. We've seen this before with "Is as Baile Átha Cliath mé"=I am from Dublin.