Just in English "man" means many things. Man, husband, boy friend, mate... "That's my man," says the guy watching TV about some character there. Then there's "my man!" said specifically to some one to show encouragement or agreement. An employer can say it of an employee just hired. A voter of a candidate... Funny thing about language: it can mean nearly anything, really.
Because you need a possessive adjective here (that comes before a noun, like "your" in "your husband") and not a possessive pronoun (that stands instead of a noun, like "yours").
The possessive adjectives mein, dein, sein, ihr, unser, euer inflect like the indefinite articles ein, kein and thus have no ending for masculine nominative, neuter nominative, or neuter accusative.
In English, you should translate “Meine Frau” as “My wife” and not as “My woman” because that could be rude in English to call my wife my woman. People may think that perhaps she is your mistress instead of your wife. So it should be marked wrong. For reasons of gender bias, “My man” is usually assumed to mean “my husband” but it could also mean “my boyfriend”.
The point of learning a language is not to censor based on one's opinion of whether or not it's rude. The fact of the matter is, it IS said, often even joking or lovingly in reference to one's boyfriend or girlfriend. So the real question becomes, how would you translate that?
First of all,
Eure is 2nd person PLURAL (for a feminine singular or plural noun), so, you're addressing more than one person about a feminine singular or plural noun.
So, it would have to be either men, not a single man, or a feminine noun.
Eure Männer would be the correct term.
Eure Männer schlafen. - Your men are sleeping.
Eure Frau schläft. - Your wife sleeps.
Although, of course, there could also be a single man "belonging" to the crowd you're addressing.
Kinda like, your leader, your president, or something like that.
So, that would be:
Euer Mann schläft.
So, to recap:
Euer Schwein schläft.
Schwein being neuter.
Eure Frau schläft.
Frau being feminine.
Euer Mann schläft.
Mann being masculine.
In all three sample sentences we're addressing a crowd (2nd person plural).
mein, dein, sein, ihr, unser, euer are used before masculine nouns and neuter nouns.
meine, deine, seine, ihre, unsere, eure are used before feminine nouns, and also before all nouns in the plural regardless of gender.
The grammatical gender of a noun (whether it's masculine, feminine, or neuter) is generally something that has to be learned together with the noun.
For example, in German, apples are masculine, pears are feminine, and horses are neuter. The noun Mädchen "girl" is also grammatically neuter, and Person "person" is grammatically feminine even if it applies to a male person.
In general: you can't. You have to learn the gender together with the noun.
For example, what gender is the word Leiter? Answer - it can be either masculine or feminine, depending on whether it means "leader" or "ladder". So you can't tell just by looking at the shape of the word, the way you can in some languages.
Duolingo does not accept nouns with apostrophe ‘s for “is”, because it confuses it with the possessive for that noun. You can usually use contractions with the pronouns, but pronoun with verb contractions can be reported if they are not accepted as correct. This is too difficult for the program and it is really not that difficult to write “is” instead of “ ‘s “.
The subject of a sentence is in Nominative case. In Nominative case “dein” is used for masculine singular nouns and neuter singular nouns and “deine” is used for feminine nouns and for all plurals of any gender. In Accusative case, the forms are the same except for the masculine singular which changes to deinen. Look at the attributive use table here: http://www.canoo.net/services/Controller?input=dein&features=(Cat+Pron)(Manner+Poss)(Pers+2nd)(Num+SG)&dispatch=inflection&lang=en
In English the meaning of "Your husband is sleeping." and "Your husband's sleeping." are identical if you read "husband's" as a contraction of the words "husband is." This is perfectly correct.
Another English meaning of "husband's" is a possessive. "My husband's car" for example means "the car belonging to my husband." This possessiv meaning would be incorrect translation.
Duolingo computer does not recognize this contraction with nouns, precisely because it confuses it with the possessive. “Sleeping is my husband’s favorite sport. My husband’s sleeping is really starting to annoy me.” So the phrase “husband’s sleeping” could be in possessive form. The German does not use possessive here, so it would be wrong.
If you say "your husband..., I understand that "your" is not a pronoun, but an adjective. Though, the Tipes and Notes of this lesson considere it (so as every possesive adjective) as a possesive pronoun.
Is it me who is wrong, or is it Duolingo? Please, could anyone check it? It is very important for those (me included) who are begginners.
The terminology here is not consistent - see e.g. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Possessive#Terminology .
A word such as "your" I would now call a possessive determiner or a possessive adjective, but I first learned to call it a possessive pronoun.
Even though, as you state, it's not a pronoun (it doesn't replace a noun). But "possessive pronoun" can have this meaning as well, for some people.
It may also be interesting in this context that duden.de gives mein, dein (and not meins, deins) as examples of what Possessivpronomen means: https://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/Possessivpronomen
So, you're both right and neither is wrong. The difference in usage is a bit unhelpful, though.
Thank you very much, Mizinamo and ALLintolearning3 for your answers. I understand, know!
By the way, don't you think that it should be said with the Tips and Notes? There, the only definition given for «pronoun» is «word that replace a noun», while none of the possessives that appear replaces any noun. Adding your explanation to the definition would be welcommed.
Some languages, other than English, call them pronouns and German says it is used attributively (before a noun, which is when we call them possessive adjectives). It is just a name, but it is confusing to us. The form is different in English: the pronoun is “yours” and the adjective is “your”. http://www.canoo.net/services/Controller?input=dein&features=(Cat+Pron)(Manner+Poss)(Pers+2nd)(Num+SG)&dispatch=inflection&lang=en
That form is used for habitual use, but there is no adverb added. It could still be correct if answering a question about what my husband usually does when the adverb is in the question. Try reporting it.
It is possible, but it is less likely that I will ask the nurse what my husband usually does and the nurse will say “Your husband sleeps.” It is much more likely that someone is telling me what he is doing now. So, try to go for the most likely answer.
Why the form "Your husband sleeps" is not correct, instead of "is sleeping".
Both of those are accepted translations.
why was my response incorrect?
Did you have a listening exercise instead of a translation exercise?
Did you make a small typo somewhere?
Did you make a screenshot showing the question, your answer, the error message, and the suggested correction that you can upload to a website somewhere and paste the URL here?
Try reporting it as also correct.
If dein is the possesive pronoun of du why it is schläft and not schläfst?
So basically we're talking about your father and he's a he so we use "er", i.e. er schläft. That's how we're supposed to think about this?
Possessive pronouns/adjectives change forms depending on the number (singular, plural), gender (masculine, neuter, feminine) and case of the noun represented/described (Nominative, Accusative, Dative, Genitive) and whether the noun has an article or not. http://www.canoo.net/services/Controller?input=dein&features=(Cat+Pron)(Manner+Poss)(Pers+2nd)(Num+SG)&dispatch=inflection&lang=en
In a possessive context, Mann means "husband" and Frau means "wife".
For example, mein Mann is "my husband" and seine Frau is "his wife".
This is what those words mean in German in that context. They do not mean "cow" or "boyfriend".
There's also usually little point in asking "why" a given word has a given meaning.
Note that Mann, Frau only mean "husband, wife" in a possessive context. der Mann can only be "the man", not "the husband".
Perfekt and Praeteritum are both past tenses, but you use them in different situations. Usually in speech you would use Perfekt (although my Austrian friends to speak about the past are using present tense), because Praeteritum typically is being used in writing to describe past events or in tales.