"Er trinkt Milch."
Translation:He drinks milk.
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In real live it would depend on context. Here on duolingo usually both forms are correct translations because they don't provide context.
If it makes you feel better, we have no conditional form, but we somehow have to figure out how to use it in English and that is a problem (at least for me) ;-)
Like others have pointed out, it is difficult to say which word is correct unless the context is given.
But the best way for u to learn would be by coupling words.. Like "Ich trinke", "Ich esse", "Er trinkt", "Er isst", "Du trinkst", "wir essen", etc..
If those pair of words stick to your mind u'll never go wrong in the future :-) I'm sorry if I have used any wrong pair of words above, but I hope u got the idea I was trying to convey :-)
The speakers on the DuoLingo recordings are pronouncing the "ch" like "sh", (Milsh), which is how people pronounced it in the area of southern Germany where I spent some time. We were told that in northern Germany "ch" was pronounced more like the "ch" in the Scottish word "loch". (Milch, just like it's spelled.)
Place your lips and tongue as though you're about to say the word 'yes' (naturally, without exaggerating), or the J in 'Junge', then round your lips slightly and curve the sides of your tongue upwards slightly, with the blade of your tongue in the same place or slightly lowered, and while holding that position, blow air gently out towards outside of your mouth, feeling the air pass audibly on your tongue.
The sound is made by constricting the air flow, like with the English 'sh'. If the sound you produce sounds similar but with a higher pitch, you're doing it right. As with 'sh', the sound is short rather than held.
Try practising the sound again with the word 'ich', then with 'ich habe'. You know you're doing it right when it sounds natural to say the 'ch' in the word 'Loch' from 'Loch Ness', which is the same sound but made slightly further back in the mouth. That sound also appears in German and both are written as 'ch'.
Er trank milch.
Different cogugations for (trinke) past tense first table in this page http://german.about.com/library/verbs/blverb_trinkenP.htm
having real trouble in this exercise with the female voice, I can't hear any differentiation between er and ihr, I would expect er to sound more as if it is veering towards air, and ihr, as if it veers towards ear. And, if I'm right, as trinkt could be either third person singular - er trinkt or second person plural, ihr trinkt, clarity in pronunciation is vital. The particular exercise has two identical sounding phrases to to write, one of which is er trinkt and one of which is ihr trinkt. Grrr