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https://www.duolingo.com/CliffJonesJr

105 More Concepts in Spanish

CliffJonesJr
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This is a follow-up to "95 Core Concepts in Spanish". As promised, I've taken word frequency into account and brought the list to an even 200. To learn how exactly I settled on these particular concepts and see what other languages have been added so far, check out "105 More Concepts Across Languages".

Abbreviations:
m = masculine gender ("el")
f = feminine gender ("la")

Nouns:
96) time/instance/occurrence = tiempo (m), hora (f), vez (f)
97) shade/shadow = sombra (f)
98) house/home = casa (f)
99) head = cabeza (f)
100) belly/abdomen = vientre (m), barriga (f)
101) navel/belly-button = ombligo (m)
102) heart/core = corazón (m)
103) back = espalda (f), lomo (m), dorso (m)
104) thigh = muslo (m)
105) wing = ala (f)
106) nail/claw = uña (f), garra (f)
107) animal/beast = animal (m), bestia (f)
108) ant = hormiga (f)
109) cat = gato (m)
110) pig = cerdo (m), puerco (m)
111) snake = serpiente (f), culebra (f)
112) worm = gusano (m), lombriz (f)
113) parent/father/mother = padre (m), madre (f)
114) sibling/brother/sister = hermano (m), hermana (f)
115) spouse/husband/wife = esposo (m), esposa (f), marido (m), mujer (f)
116) day = día (m)
117) cloud = nube (f)
118) snow = nieve (f)
119) ice = hielo (m)
120) river/stream = río (m), arroyo (m)
121) sea/ocean = mar (s), océano (m)
122) seed = semilla (f), pepita (f)
123) grass/lawn = hierba (f), césped (m)
124) flower/blossom = flor (f)
125) bark/husk = corteza (f), cáscara (f)

Verbs:
126) do/make = hacer
127) be = ser, estar
128) become/get = hacerse
129) have = tener, haber
130) want = querer
131) can/be-able-to = poder
132) think/consider = pensar, considerar
133) go = ir
134) walk/run = caminar, andar, correr
135) take = tomar
136) carry/wear = llevar
137) tie/bind = atar, unir
138) hide = esconder, ocultar
139) fall = caer
140) cry/weep = llorar
141) blow = soplar
141) suck = chupar, succionar
143) hit/beat = golpear
144) crush/grind = aplastar, moler
145) live = vivir
146) sleep = dormir
147) work = trabajar
148) play = jugar
149) swim = nadar
150) hunt = cazar
151) dance = bailar
152) sing = cantar
153) count = contar
154) vomit = vomitar

Adjectives:
155) right/correct/proper = correcto/correcta, apropiado/apropiada
156) bad/wrong = malo/mal/mala, incorrecto/incorrecta
157) far/distant = lejos, lejano/lejana, distante
158) hard (not soft) = duro/dura
159) thick = grueso/gruesa, espeso/espesa
160) thin = delgado/delgada, fino/fina
161) narrow = estrecho/estrecha
162) sweet = dulce
163) bitter = amargo/amarga
164) hot = caliente, caluroso/calurosa
165) warm = caliente, templado/templada, cálido/cálida
166) cold = frío/fría
167) wet = mojado/mojada
168) smooth = liso/lisa, suave
169) sharp = afilado/afilada
170) dull (not sharp) = romo/roma
171) dirty = sucio/sucia
172) short = corto/corta, bajo/baja
173) round = redondo/redonda

Other:
174) it/he/him/she/her/they/them/the = él/ella, ellos/ellas, el/la/los/las
175) itself/oneself/himself/herself/-self = se, mismo
176) that/those = ese/esa/eso/ése/ésa/esos/esas/ésas, aquel/aquella/aquello/aquél/aquélla/aquellos/aquellas/aquéllos/aquéllas
177) other/another/others = otro/otra, otros/otras
178) no/none/no-one = no, nada, ninguno/ninguna
179) and = y/e
180) or = o/u
181) but/yet/except = pero, aunque, excepto
182) at/in/on = en
183) to/toward = a, hacia
184) of/from/'s (possessive) = de
185) by/through/per/for/because = por, porque
186) with = con
187) over/above/on = sobre, encima de, en
188) for/in-order-to = para
189) so/then (effect) = así, entonces
190) then/right-away (sequence) = luego, pronto
191) now/still/doing (ongoing) = ahora, todavía, aún, -ando/-iendo (progressive aspect)
192) did/done (past) = -ó/ió (past tense), -ado/-ido (perfect aspect)
193) will/be-going-to (future) = ir a, -ará/-erá (future tense)
194) much/many = mucho/mucha, muchos/muchas
195) very/really = muy, de verdad
196) where = dónde, donde
197) when = cuándo, cuando
198) how/like/as = cómo, como
199) if/whether = si
200) yesterday = ayer

Please let me know if you spot any mistakes here. And if you take this list and translate it into another language, that would be awesome! I'd be sure to give you some lingots! More versions can be found here. (Be sure to check what's been translated already before posting your own.) And if you like this kind of thing, check out my website for more!

3 years ago

24 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/HolzDaUnicorn

Thank you for this, it helped me

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/EmilPro4sc

Thank you very much, it will help me alot!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/rrismankar

great jobs, thanks

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JessicaHirschi

thank you

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MaeeSafaee
MaeeSafaee
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Thanks! Great job! :)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Elgatobandido
Elgatobandido
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Muchas gracias.
Me gusta esta lista fantástica.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/04Amanita
04Amanita
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Many thanks! I want to print your list and post it on my fridge.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CliffJonesJr
CliffJonesJr
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Cool! Don't forget the first 95. Good stuff there too. And remember, if you're not already familiar with a word, you should look it up for a better translation than what I have here. These are very approximate and lacking in detail.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Bar.bara.sob

Thank you very much!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/EmilPro4sc

could'nt 156 be mal also? what i am learning in my spanish classes in school is mal=bad

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CliffJonesJr
CliffJonesJr
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I believe mal is usually the noun or adverb form, same meaning but different usage from the adjective form. However, if the adjective malo would come before a noun, it is shortened to mal (just like bueno->buen or uno->un), so I'll include that form as well.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Lawrence.Anthony

this is great! thanks for the information

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/miney33

gracias!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Ivanka_ps
Ivanka_ps
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Hey! Muchas gracias! Te la rifaste ;)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ChantyChang

So good topic, it helps me much as a new Spanish learner. Mucho gracias.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ilymo

Thanks dude

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/FritzAnco
FritzAnco
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La ...105) wing = ala (f) es masculino (m), el ala

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/_pinkodoug_
_pinkodoug_
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It's feminine, but it takes the masculine singular definite article like agua (el agua pero las aguas).

cGlua29kb3Vn

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/FritzAnco
FritzAnco
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Si cambia de genero cuando esta en plural...la(s) agua(s)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CliffJonesJr
CliffJonesJr
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That's not really considered a gender change, just a general rule of pronunciation. La before a stressed a becomes el. That's more like the sort of rule that changes la to l' before a vowel in French or Italian.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jfGor
jfGor
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<h1>105 the wing is el/las ala(s). Ala is a feminine noun but uses singular el because the first 'a' receives the stress.</h1>
3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/FritzAnco
FritzAnco
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Se dice por ejemplo : El ala del avión se incendia......no se dice La ala del avión se incendia....no pueden ir juntas dos letras "a"s , l(a) (a)la....por consiguiente se le pone el articulo "El", dicho articulo es para sustantivos masculinos.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/FritzAnco
FritzAnco
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Quienes deseen practicar español les puedo ayudar https://www.facebook.com/fritz.anco

3 years ago