Yes Wyqtor. De boer werkt op de boerderij. But of course There are also the specifications, I am thinking of "landbouwer" (de boer die het land bewerkt/ the farmer who works the land, as ploughing, sowing) or de "veefokker" (not very used), de boer die het vee fokt/ teelt ( the farmer who breeds cows ecc., the stock-farm where works the stock- breder.) An important word is "veeteelt"= that category of farming with animals. For those who study Dutch for economic- agriculture reasons... Have a nice weekend, Lu
Is that you xMerrie? I recognise the picture but the name is different. My impression of Dutch is that you seem to have twice as many prepositions as us but if in doubt your best bet is probably op. Is that anywhere near accurate? Of course, it's probably best to just learn the rules for prepositions.
Yes, it's me! :) My name is different? Huh, weird.
I don't think we have that many prepositions, though.. :P
I also don't think the best bet is 'op'. It really depends on the situation.
Here is a list with some Dutch prepositions and their English counterparts:
I see they didn't put 'bij' (which has a long list of fixed sets) in the list. Few prepositions with '-bij':
- Bij - at; by
- Dichtbij - close by
- Nabij - near (to)
- Vlakbij - near by
Of course you can't always translate the sentences literally, there are some fixed sets, but I do think that even though it can be hard to learn them, it is not impossible. :)
Good one, that also is a plot with a number of buildings. I have no explanation except for "that's just how it's used". So it is op de boerderij and in de dierentuin. The only thing I can think of now is to see a farm as a plot with a number of buildings (so you can be on the plot/premises) and a zoo as a piece of land with a fence/wall around it (so you can be in it, inside the fence/wall).
Yes that's it.
A few remarks, het plafond is a bit of an odd word, it's only used as the part of the room looking up, so you can paint it or hang a lamp from it, but in Dutch it sounds odd saying you stand on it (if you go up a floor, you are standing on the floor (vloer) of that floor (verdieping), not on the ceiling of the floor below).
So you could say ik sta op het dak van mijn huis (when you're standing) or ik zit op het dak van mijn huis (when you're sitting, or when you're doing the fixing being on your roof for a while, irregardless of your exact positions), you can also use ik ben op het dak van mijn huis, but this sounds a bit less natural than the two sentences above.
Binnen is a bit superfluous in your seconds sentence, since you already say in, but you can use it to emphasise being inside, so you can say ik sta binnen in mijn huis (lit. I'm standing inside in my house).
BakkERIJ is bakERY. And brouwERIJ is brewERY. Good observation, PaCa. However there are only a few of these similarities. That's why factory is not factorij (all though, this word exists, but means s.t. very specific) but "fabriek", or "slagerij" is butcher's shop and boerDerij is a farm. It is just like it is. Best wishes,Lu.
Thanks for that Luciak60. Although, I think Bakkerij/Bakery and Brouwerij/Brewery are a bit obvious to be congratulating me on ;D Hmm... Fabriek is similar to the Spanish and Portuguese so that's fairly easy to remember. I assume slagerij is basically 'slaughtery' - although, obviously that word doesn't exist in English.