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https://www.duolingo.com/creativeri

When do you use 'Esto, esta, este, eso, esa, ese, estos, estas..'

I get confused by those. I know the difference between feminine and masculine but it's still difficult. Can someone explain or maybe have a good site where it is explained?

3 years ago

31 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Julian_L.

T̲h̲i̲s̲/̲T̲h̲e̲s̲e̲:

  • Esto (This): Used when the noun or adjective is not mentioned in the sentence.
  • Este (This): Use when the noun or adjective is mentioned in the sentence.
  • Esta (This): Has the same meaning of «Este» (but feminine).
  • Estos (These): Plural form of «Esto» and «Este».
  • Estas (These): Plural form of «Esta».

Note: «éste», «ésta», «éstos» and «éstas» (with an initial accent) mean "This one" / "These ones", but sometimes is not used.

T̲h̲a̲t̲/̲T̲h̲o̲s̲e̲ ̲(̲U̲s̲e̲d̲ ̲w̲i̲t̲h̲ ̲s̲o̲m̲e̲t̲h̲i̲n̲g̲ ̲c̲l̲o̲s̲e̲ ̲t̲o̲ ̲t̲h̲e̲ ̲l̲i̲s̲t̲e̲n̲e̲r̲)̲:

  • Eso (That): Used when the noun or adjective is not mentioned in the sentence.
  • Ese (That): Used when the noun or adjective is mentioned in the sentence.
  • Esa (That): Has the same meaning of «Ese» (but feminine).
  • Esos (Those): Plural form of «Eso» and «Ese».
  • Esas (Those): Plural form of «Esa».

Note: These words also have the "That one" / "Those ones" forms: «ése», «ésa», «ésos» and «ésas».

T̲h̲a̲t̲/̲T̲h̲o̲s̲e̲ ̲(̲U̲s̲e̲d̲ ̲w̲i̲t̲h̲ ̲s̲o̲m̲e̲t̲h̲i̲n̲g̲ ̲a̲w̲a̲y̲ ̲t̲o̲ ̲t̲h̲e̲ ̲l̲i̲s̲t̲e̲n̲e̲r̲ ̲a̲n̲d̲ ̲t̲h̲e̲ ̲s̲p̲e̲a̲k̲e̲r̲)̲:

  • Aquello (That): Used when the noun or adjective is not mentioned in the sentence.
  • Aquel (That): Used when the noun or adjective is mentioned in the sentence.
  • Aquella (That): Has the same meaning of «Aquel» (but feminine).
  • Aquellos (Those): Plural form of «Aquello» and «Aquel».
  • Aquellas (Those): Plural form of «Aquella».
3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/creativeri

You are a hero, thank you so much!!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Julian_L.

One last thing: When you use the words «Esto», «Eso» and «Aquello», you can after mention the noun/adjective, the important is not use these words together with them.

  • Esto es un perro = This (thing) is a dog — YES
  • Esto perro — NO [correct form: «Este perro = This dog»]
  • Eso es un perro = That (thing) is a dog — YES
  • Eso perro — NO [correct form: «Ese perro = That dog»]
  • Aquello es un perro = That (thing) is a dog — YES
  • Aquello perro — NO [correct form: «Aquel perro = That dog»]
3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/metaphorz

I agree with others. Very clear set of guidelines. The semi immersive programs like Duolingo and Rosetta Stone have no explanations or guidelines. Maybe RS has them and I have not yet come across them.

8 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/GordonD_1608

great summary

5 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Tedel16
Tedel16
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This was so helpful! I also see that "estos" is the plural of "este". Estes is not used for the plural.

3 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MyrlJeffcoat

I'm really confused. I just completed a lesson in Duolingo where the nouns were masculine, but Duolingo stated that "esta" (feminine) was the correct form to be used. For example:

(1) Mi pasaporte esta en el hotel. (2) Donde esta el hotel. (3) Donde esta el telefono. (4) Donde esta el aeropuerto. (5) El banco esta cerrado.

Is this correct, or is there another rule I am missing?

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/redsassafras

Esta and está are different words. Esta - this. Está - the él/ella/usted form of the verb "estar" (to be). The lesson you completed was using está. ("My passport is in the hotel," etc.)

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MyrlJeffcoat

However, I am wondering why we are using "esta" in the sentence, "My pasaporte esta en el hotel" rather than "My pasaporte (este or es) en el hotel? Since esta is feminine, but the sentence suggests we should be using a masculine form. Excuse my not using proper accents, I can't easily do it with my keyboard.

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/redsassafras

"Mi pasaporte está en el hotel."

In this sentence, está is neither feminine nor masculine -- Spanish verbs aren't gendered.

You're combining three different things here. First, "está," a form of the verb "estar." Second, "esta" and "este," the feminine and masculine forms of the word for "this." Third, "es," a form of the verb "ser."

If you were to use either esta (no accent) or este, this example sentence would read, "My passport this in the hotel." Clearly this doesn't work -- you need a verb.

It gets more complicated regarding "es." Estar and ser are both verbs meaning "to be," so in both cases this sentence would translate into English as "My passport is in the hotel." There has been a great deal written on when to choose ser over estar or vice versa (some of which you can find on this discussion board). What's relevant here is that "estar" (in this case, in the form "está") is usually preferred when naming locations. You are naming the location of the passport, therefore you would choose "está" over "es."

SpanishDict has some handy verb conjugation charts that you may find helpful. Here is the one for "ser": http://www.spanishdict.com/conjugate/ser And here is the one for "estar": http://www.spanishdict.com/conjugate/estar

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/PixelOwl_

thank you!

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/KatharineM650232

Thank you!

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/LassieLucie

gracias, también tengo un momento difícil con esto (thank you, i also struggle with this)

1 week ago

https://www.duolingo.com/creativeri

Thanks that explains a lot!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Miguel280968

not for me but thanx

6 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Resonance2001
3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/creativeri

thankyou!!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Miguel280968

I prefer this one although again it's a little too much for me although I know i need to learn it if I want to progress

6 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tnel1
tnel1
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The link above is a good explanation. [edit: now it is below by remoonline] I would just add that one way I memorized them is by imagining the distances visually along with the word & maybe even chopping your hand in the air to place them at the 3 distances. Also, I remember that "este" and "esta" are closer to me (than "ese" or "esa"), by remembering the "t" in the first set of words and picturing a cross close to me. (Saying "t" is closer to me is my trick.)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/adcook
adcook
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We learned "This and These have the T's".

8 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/creativeri

Thankyou that is helpful!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tnel1
tnel1
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:)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/TheLdawg

Great way of thinking about it tnel, worked for me as well.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tnel1
tnel1
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:) oh good!!!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Nicole1709

I heard a catchy rhyme for this once that I always remember. 'This and these have T's, that and those don't'

4 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Miguel280968

Same here, I would need to use it a lot more than learning before it all sink in. I found the first link/suggestion a little to theoretical but got a little more out of the second. As for Julian L's it seems quite good but you need a good brain to incorporate it properly Thank you all anyway

6 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JuliaMcGui4

that's the same question I had!!

3 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/1timoteo2

Why is it "este pueblo" when "pueblo" is masculine??

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/surfer.7

Because este is the masculine form.

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Just.Alice
Just.Alice
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Excellent summary. Thank you very much Jullian.

2 weeks ago