feminine nouns

When a noun ends in "ung" (i.e. Zeitung) is always a feminine noun and takes the article "die".

December 14, 2011


Furthermore, you can often use the "-ung" ending to make a noun from an adjective or verb. Take for example the verb üben (to practice). Reducing it to the stem of the verb and adding the ending gives Übung (exercise or practice). A few more examples: -the verb buchen (to book) and the noun Buchung (booking), -the verb besprechen (to discuss or review) and the noun Besprechung (meeting or discussion).

This can be very useful when you get a feel for it!

January 24, 2012

Words ending on -e, -anz, -ion, -ik, -heit, -keit, -ung or -tät are usually, but not always, feminine. This is a very nice rule to know. Examples: die Allianz, die Religion, die Kritik, die Möglichkeit, die Werbung, die Universität, etc.

July 5, 2013

To give the entire list from my German book:


  1. -en (unless the noun=the infinite of a verb) e.g. der Haken, der Wagen
  2. Nouns, which are identical with a verbal stem e.g. der Streit, der Bau
  3. Verbal stem + er (arbeit (-en)= der Arbeiter) e.g. der Kugelschreiber, der Flaschenöffner
  4. Foreign words, which end with -us e.g. der Zirkus, der Liberalismus


  1. -e e.g. die Farbe, die Note (this is a very general rule and has many exceptions)
  2. -ei, -eit, -heit, -keit, -schaft, and -ung e.g. die Lebelei, die Arbeit, die Sauberkeit, die Gemeinschaft, die Rechnung
  3. Foreign words, which end with -ik, -ion, -nz, -tät, and -ur e.g. die Musik, die Diskussion, die Konkurrenz, die Rarität, die Kultur


  1. Nouns, which are identical with infinite of the verb e.g. das Essen, das Fernsehen, das Rauchen
  2. -chen and -lein e.g. das Fräulein, das Mädchen, das Rotkäppchen
  3. -nis e.g. Ereignis, das Zeugnis, das Erlebnis
  4. Words, which begin with Ge- e.g. das Geschäft, das Geschirr, das Gefühl

Very helpful to remember. Of course there are exceptions, but this will definitely help.

December 3, 2014

something like '-ing' in English

April 2, 2012

@huntdm07 Would 'achtung' be another example? If so, what verb would it come from?

May 1, 2012

Achtung --> verb: achten (be aware of, be careful of..)

February 15, 2013

Danke, Ich liebe Deutsch! :)

November 9, 2013

This also applies (of course) to words ending in "gung" like die Reinigung.

@nimbusaeta: achten, to pay attention/be careful

May 26, 2012

it's rather also "-ung", coming from the verb "reinigen"

August 8, 2013

Vielen Dank!

February 12, 2012

@bennyhill Danke Schön!

May 28, 2012


July 2, 2012

tank u its helpfull

January 29, 2014

anyone got lingots?

February 23, 2017

Yep. Why?

February 24, 2017

Sorry! I've saw it just now and solve it, my mistake!!

December 27, 2011

Danke schön!

February 16, 2012


March 26, 2012

Vielen Dank!

July 5, 2012

I know of one exception Der Dung. I presume because it's not really a suffifx D-ung..

July 4, 2013

Another one: der Sprung

September 10, 2013


August 8, 2013

I have ben Having trouble with german, anything that could help?

October 24, 2013

Danke Schön!

December 24, 2013


January 14, 2014
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