The use of "ist" and "im"
So, I've noticed that the following are correct:
"Ich bin im Restaurant"
"Die Frau ist im Restaurant"
I would like to know why there has to be an "ist" in the second sentence and not the first.
Furthermore, if someone said the second sentence aloud to you, how would you be able to tell that they were saying "the woman is in the restaurant" as opposed to "the woman is eating in the restaurant" (Die Frau isst im Restaurant)?
Thanks for any input!
The first and second sentences both use forms of the word "is"-- Just like in English we say "I am, you are, she/he/it is." In German, it's "Ich bin, du bist, sie/er/es ist", and so on. For the second question... I think a native speaker would put a little more stress on "isst" instead of "ist", but there's no solid way to tell, no.
ich means I ....when Die Frau means the lady. the two sentences end with: "im restaurant" so that leaves us with "bin" ...which means "am" in the first sentence, and "ist" which means "is" in the second sentence. So the first sentence means: I ...........am ........in a restaurant. and the second means: The Lady ..........is ..........in a restaurant. So we used "ist" in the second sentence because it is verb "Sein" conjugated with "DieFrau" ...which could be replaced by "sie" that means "she". ...hope i delivered the information clearly. Best of luck. :)
Oh dear... it's only just dawned on me that I was being really dumb when I posted that question. I am... she is. Sorry, I had been learning several hours of German in one go last night and my brain was a bit frazzled :P
Hey I said there was a problem with "Was ist mit der Lampe?" I said it was right but I thought for some reason the 'der' was in Nominative.