"Je hond eet" means the same as "jouw hond eet".
Yes, but if it was a 'type-what-you-hear' exercise you need to type exactly what was said.
If both are correct, how would you know when it would be "Your dog eats" or "Your dog is eating?"
Context, just as you know in context if you would have to use the continuous or not.
I should hope so!
Why can't we use "Uw" as a shortening? Dutch do it all the time! Especially in formalities
Jouw, je, jullie and uw are all accepted.
Pronunciation is important.
Je and jouw sound different
What is the difference between jou and jouw please?
jou - you: example: Ze houdt van jou (she loves you)
jouw - youR: example: jouw hond is zeer vriendelijk (your dog is very friendly).