"The dogs, the cats and the horses are animals."
Translation:Los perros, los gatos y los caballos son animales.
It's just a punctuation style you can choose to use, there's nothing special going on with it.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serial_comma#Other_languages "In the following languages, the serial comma is not the norm and may go against punctuation rules:"
So it seems like some in some languages (Spanish is listed as one of them) there may be official formal grammar rules that explicitly rule out serial commas, but I don't know the details! But absent any actual official proscriptions, why not? It makes logical sense either way.
I interpret this as a general statement of fact. It would be an odd situation to make this statement otherwise. So, in English, this would be "Dogs, cats, and horses are animals." English and Spanish don't always use articles (the, a) in the same way.
it is the same in spanish. It would be appropriate to leave out the articles after the first use. So in other words saying "Los perros, gatos y caballos son animales" would also be correct.
Try again next time!
Translation: Los perros, los gatos y las yeguas son animales.
What is "yegunas" ??? I said caballos and got it wrong.
I felt amazing for getting this correct(: I'm starting to understand Spanish a lot more now.
wow they get really stick with spelling after awhile don't they. i got it wrong for only one letter...
Don't animal names have fixed gender? I thought perro & caballo were masculine and gato feminine (though odd that it ended in o) - but correct options were either "las perras, las gatas, y las caballas..." or "los perros, los gatos, y los caballos..." Wouldn't there be a default gender for the word without making assumptions about the gender of the animals in particular?
"Y" only becomes "e" before words that start with "hi" or "i."
I absolutely gasped when I first encountered this... only to realize it wasn't that diff. Yay!
I translated it literally with ALL the definites and it told me I was wrong :(
They're both part of the verb ser - eres is "you are (informal)" and son is "they are". Here I'll do a list:
soy I am (1st person singular)
eres You are (2nd person singular)
es He/she/it is (3rd person singular)
somos We are (1st person plural)
sois You guys are (2nd person plural)
son They/those are (3rd person plural)
So the first three are when the subject of the verb is singular (one person, one thing), the last three are for plurals (when you're talking about several people or things).
Spanish also has the usted form which is a polite "you", and you use the 3rd person forms for that. So tú eres, but usted es. Both mean 'you are', but the second one is more polite. You use the plural ustedes form in the same way - use the 3rd person plural. So son can also mean "you guys (polite plural)". Ustedes son...
That was a bit of a long answer but this is the basic pattern, and it works for basically everything, so it's definitely worth learning it.