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  5. "Cad é atá ag tarlú anseo?"

"Cad é atá ag tarlú anseo?"

Translation:What is happening here?

November 16, 2014



What is the function of E in this sentence? Why is " What is it that's happening here?" incorrect? Wouldn't " Cad ata ag tarlu anseo?" Be "What is happening here?"


"What is it that's happening here?" isn't incorrect, but it is unnecessarily wordy.

The presence or otherwise of the é is probably a dialect thing - some dialects would include it, some wouldn't.

For example, the NEID gives 4 different suggestions for "What's Up?"("What's the matter?") with céard, cad and cad é examples:
céard atá ort?
cad atá cearr?
cad é atá contráilte?
cad é atá ag cur as duit?


Why is átá here, i dont really understand the explanations


Without atá, only a copular question (i.e. an identificational question or a classificational question) could be asked using cad.


Think of é as the “it” in the more literal translation “What is it that is happening here?”.


This always confuses me. A lot of questions can be phrased "What is it that is..." in English. But only some seem to call for atá in Irish.


The atá is needed when a copula wouldn’t suffice to express the question, such as when an English present progressive verb needs to be translated.


It seems it can be either cad or cad é with a direct relative clause. Both Cad a dhéanann tú and Cad é a dhéanann tú seems acceptable.

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