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What is the difference between zij, ze/ wij, we/ jij, je, jullie, jow?

So people say that it doesn't matter but obviously Duolingo disagrees. If I went to Netherlands I could do this easy, but Doulingo is counting my mistakes between the above wrong... Help, alsjeblieft.

November 16, 2014



Hi! You can find an elaborate explanation here. I hope that will help.


Yes, I have read this article, but don't know when I emphasize the words. The Dutch course in Duolingo counts my "guesses" wrong because it never explained when I emphasize and how to decide.


The Dutch course should always accept both the marked and unmarked forms, since there is no context. If it doesn't, please use the "Report a Problem" button to let us know. Thanks!


There's no difference between zij and ze, no difference between wij and we, but that doesn't count for jij, je, jullie and jouw.

Je can mean you, like in Je bent mooi (You are beautiful), but it also can mean your, like in Je moeder is mooi (Your mother is beautiful). Jouw in fact can't be used as a personal pronoun and is only a possessive pronoun, actually the same as je: Jouw moeder is mooi (Your mother is beautiful). Only slight difference is that jouw puts more emphasis.

The personal pronoun jullie, as opposed to je and jij, can only be used when you address multiple people: Jullie zijn beiden mooi (You are both beautiful).


The following might be interesting to gloss over. It shows the 'full forms' and 'reduced forms' of pronouns in Dutch.


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