So, can I assume as a rule that those words that end with -a make the plural with -or? kvinna - kvinnor flicka - flickor anka - ankor and now sköldpadda - sköldpaddor
To the best of my ability to tell, yes, all -a nouns plural as -or. They're the easy class of noun. It's the dog nouns [hund/hundar] and cat nouns [katt/katter] that show little rhyme or reason that I can tell.
Same for this one it could be "I dont eat turtle" as it is refering to the entire species.
That would work the same in Swedish, though: jag äter inte sköldpadda.
I wouldn't call it an h-sound, but I know what you mean. :) Use the soft pronunciation prior to soft vowels, just as with k and g.
Does anyone have a trick to remember the spellings of "sköldpaddor", as well as of "skärp" and "skjorta"? It always seems to me that some letters are not pronounced in these words. Of course, the obvious rule is that sk followed by ä, j, or ä is pronounced [x]. Yet, I often misspell these words. I would appreciate your help.
Why do you use the same word for turtles and tortoises. Surely they are very different animals that simply look similar. It's like having the same word for bees and wasps.
Technically, a turtle is a sköldpadda and a tortoise is a landsköldpadda ("land turtle"), so it's common to just use sköldpadda either way.