I never knew I'd learn something about mammals in the discussions in Duolingo...
If I ever use this information, I'll source it like:
https://www.duolingo.com/skill/sv/Possessives/4 then get to the "Du dricker min katts mjölk" sentence, click on the discussion, and scroll down a bit.
Haha but you took your time writing all this. ;) If you're using a US keyboard then switch to the international layout. Umlauts are then accessible with Shift + ' and then the letter. For å/Å use Alt (+ Shift) + W.
I did not feel like it too so I added swedish to my computer. Now I have a French and a Swedish keyboard, and I can switch. It's really useful even though some letters are not at the same place. I must be careful, because if I type with the swedish keyboard without paying attention, it goes like this : "It4s reqlly useful even though soöe letters qre not qt the sqöe plqce;" :')
Can't you just press shift+quotations marks (") and then an o? Works for me: ööö
This is a good question. In fact it is not possible to know where the word borders are in a language unless you understand that language. So you can't really hear it in real spoken Swedish, but you can know from grammar. There is a compound word in Swedish meaning 'cat milk', but that one does not have the s, it's just kattmjölk.
So it's more that by doing these listen and type exercises, you're learning where words start and end.
A more practical answer in the terms of this site is that if you listen to the 'turtle' version of the sentence, you'll hear the pause between the words.
I don't think that apostrophe should be in "cat's" should just be "cats" surely?
You could say "The cat is tired." with the contraction as "The cat's tired." but you would never use that contraction directly before a noun as that would be confused with and is reserved for the possessive form of the noun. "The cat's milk" will never mean "the cat is milk." but will always mean "the milk of the cat".