kein does not always imply ein -- for example, uncountable nouns can also take kein, e.g. ich trinke kein Wasser "I do not drink any water" but ich trinke Wasser "I drink water" rather than ?ich trinke ein Wasser "?I drink a water".
But it's a good mnemonic nonetheless!
German nouns start with a Capital letters even if they in the middle of the sentence..
As u know;
Nouns have 3 genders:
And There are 4 cases:
Nominative,Accusative, Dative, Genitive..
Now let's talk about kein : )
kein, keine, keinen, keiner, keinem Which one should we use ?!!!!!
It's depending on noun's gender and case
This table image shows it in a sample way: https://1drv.ms/i/s!AinGyxp5tdorpVNn4Zwzjq2nbT5M
Direct link : http://bit.ly/2rcK3fy
Hope it help : )..
If you have problems distinguishing nouns from verbs, nouns are always words you can grammatically put "the" or "a(n)" in front of (not always in the sentence), whereas verbs are things you "do", it describes an action, verbs also have different conjugations depending on person perspective, amount, and time.
I see a lamp. > "See" is a verb, "lamp" is noun. He sees people. > "Sees" is a verb, "people" is a noun. They saw two cars. > "Saw" is a verb, "cars" is a noun. You used the saw. > "Used" is a verb, "saw" is a noun. She uses the car. > "Use" is a verb, "car" is a noun. We are using two lamps. > "Using" is a verb, but so is "are", "lamps" is a noun.
-See, sees and saw all stem from the verb "To see". -Used, uses and using all stem from the verb "To use" -Are is a conjugation of the verb "to be" -If a word is plural, only the "the" tactic will work, as you can't put "a(n)" in front of a plural word. - Saw and saw are homonyms, they have two different meanings. One describes the observation of sight, the other is a tool. One is always a verb, the other is always a noun.
Hope this helped and wasn't confusing.
It's basically a negative article, if that helps you understand it better. It works the exact same as ein, eine, and einen, just in negative form.
Kein for masculine and neuter words. Keine for feminine and plural words. Keinen for masculine direct object. (And also, Keiner for nobody or no one!)
If you have any specific questions, feel free to ask.
Yes. sie can be "she" or "her", "they" or "them".
You can tell the difference between "she" and "they" -- as a subject -- because the verb form will be different, e.g. sie ist "she is" versus sie sind "they are".
You can often not tell the difference between "her" and "them" as objects -- ich sehe sie could be either "I see her" or "I see them".
It has something to do with the grammatical gender -- Frau has feminine grammatical gender (die Frau, eine Frau, keine Frau) while Mädchen has neuter grammatical gender (das Mädchen, ein Mädchen, kein Mädchen).
Grammatical gender is not necessarily related to natural gender.
Girls are female, but the German word for "girl" is neuter.
(Just as tables have four legs but no letters, but the word for "table" has five letters but no legs. The word "long" is not long and the word "monosyllabic" is not monosyllabic.)
The grammatical gender of a word is not necessarily related to the natural gender of the object that it refers to.
das Mädchen has neuter grammatical gender even though girls are female. die Person is a feminine word but can refer to any person, whether male or female. der Apfel is masculine even though apples aren't male.
In English, people use "is not" most often and just to state the fact that something is not something. Rarely do you hear someone say "is no", which I personally use to emphasize that something doesn't qualify as something.
For example: He is no gentleman. That is no mere trinket.
Mädchen is akkusativ here and since Mädchen is neuter(das), that's why it is Kein, Am i missing something?
Am i missing something?
Yes. Mädchen is nominative here -- there is nothing that would require the accusative case.
"to be" is not a transitive verb that takes a direct object; it is a linking verb (copula) that links a subject to a predicate (something that talks about the subject), and such predicates are (almost always) in the nominative case in German.
In this sentence is kein being used in accusative? I know nominative and accusative have same endings for Kein except for masculine, but i'm asking for study purposes.
"Kein Mädchen" is nominative here. "Sein" is what's known as a "linking verb"; these are essentially non-action verbs where the object in the predicate is the same person/thing as the subject and is just renaming or redefining it.
In German, the object after a linking verb (the most common are "sein," "werden," and "bleiben") goes in the nominative case, to match that subject. So "kein Mädchen" is nominative here. (For comparison, this is the same reason you'll see grammar pundits for English argue for saying "It is I" rather than "It is me.")
then announce their gender as not female
Eh? kein Mädchen only says she's not a girl (female child). It doesn't say she's not female. She could be female but not a child, or a child but not female.
A 20-year-old woman, for example, is female but not a "girl" any more.