"Samerna bor i Norge, Sverige och Finland."
Translation:The Sami people live in Norway, Sweden and Finland.
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When will Duolingo offer a course in (Northern) Saami, as it offers Welsh, Irish, Navajo and Hawaiian? Of course, these four minority languages are spoken in countries with English as the major language. In the same way, the Spanish Duolingo has courses in Catalan and Guarani (which indeed have much more speakers). Perhaps Finnish will come before Saami?
Laski-Julle, dáhtutgo don oahppat sámegiela? Jos máhttá suomagiela, ii leat nu váttis oahppat sámegiela. "Davvin" lea buorre oahppogirji. Mun lean oahppan sámegiela, go lean lohkan dan girjji. Loga sámegiela! Sámegiella lea gollegiella!
Tahdotko sinä oppia saamen kieltä? Jos osaa ("mahtaa") suomen kieltä, ei ole niin vaikea oppia saamen kieltä. "Davvin" on hyvä (cfr. pare-) oppikirja. Minä olen oppinut saamea, kun olen lukenut sitä kirjaa. Lue saamea! Saamen kieli on kultakieli!
Do you want to learn Saami language? If one can Finnish (language), it is not so hard to learn Saami (language). "Davvin" (= in the north) is a good textbook ("learn book"). I have learned Saami, when I have read that book. Read Saami! Saami language is a gold(en) language!
Grammar has a lot of common features with Finnish (and a lot of differences). Consonantal gradation is wider in Saami than in Finnish: giella: giela, girji: girjji (kieli: kielen/kieltä, kirja: kirjan/kirjaa). Giella and girji are in the Nominative case (basic form), giela and girjji are in the Genitive/Accusative case. Genitive and Accusative have merged in Northern Saami, in Southern Saami they are still two separate cases (giellie: gielien / gieliem). Southern Saami is spoken by some 500 people in the Scandes mountain range in Central Norway and Sweden. There are six different (literary) Saami languages. Northern Saami is by far the biggest of them, it has much more speakers than the others together.
en lapp means 'a patch', like in 'a piece of cloth' in Swedish, and it can be connected to mended clothes and poverty. A person from Lapland (in Swedish: Lappland) would be lapplänning, this is an OK word (but it doesn't necessarily refer to Sami people, just like Laski-Julle said about Finland, most people in Swedish Lapland aren't Sami, but most Swedish Sami live in Lapland).
I don't know about Sweden, but Finnish version of Lapps "Lappilaiset" means a person from Lapland without any ethnic meaning. Most of the people from Finnish Lapland are Finns, not Sami, although most Sami are Lapps.
Thus Lapp-word is not racist in Finland, because it has no ethnic connection. Exactly because of this you should use word Sami if you are talking about this ethnic group.
Lapp sana olisi enemmän mielestäni suomeksi sana "Lappalainen", joka on rasistinen saamelaisille.
The word Lapp would be "Lappalainen" in Finnish and that IS a racial slur towards the Sami people. Lappilainen is just a person who's from Lapland, can be Finnish or Sami. Just use the word Sami (saamelainen in Finnish) when speaking of the Sami people. And I think the correct translation of a person from the Lapland in Swedish is lapländsk?
No. Lappalainen has never meant only Sami people, but anyone who lives in the wilderness. It is also a common surname amongst Finns. I actually think that most "lappalainen" people have always been ethnic Finns.
At the same time, I agree that "lappalainen" would not be a good way to call Sami people, instead you should call them Sami or in Finnish "saamelainen".
It is a racist word when used to describe the Sami. If you use it to mean a Sami person, you're being racist. I didn't say anything about calling Finns lappalainen, even then I would much rather use the word "lappilainen". And yes it's a surname but that has nothing to do whit it being racist to the Sami.