I think it is like that for all t-words/ett-words that end with a consonant, right? I mean that the plural form is the same as the singular form.
Being a bit of a nerd I wrote a script to check this hypothesis ;-). It mostly holds up. These are the exceptions that I've found (database of 20000 words):
gift, fett, finger, garn, land
oh, and all latin words ending in -um:
akvarium, auditorium, decennium, diarium, imperium, jubileum, kollegium, kompendium, kranium, krematorium, kriterium, laboratorium, medium, museum, mysterium
Yes, also other words ending in -in. Such as protein and vitamin. The script actually found these but I missed them.
True! That's interesting. Do you know if the exception holds for all ett-words ending in -in?
These irregularities should be put in the DuoLingo tips. Also, do the plurals of the latin words simply end in -a, just like in latin?
For the Latin loanwords, no. Words that end in -ium or -eum drop the -um and add -er instead. So akvarium -> akvarier and museum -> museer for example.
For Latin loanwords that end on just -um, the plural works the same as with other ett-words,, i.e. it's the same as the singular form but without indefinite article.
A few people prefer the latin -a plural instead, but it looks very snobby and a bit unnatural. After all, we speak Swedish with loanwords, not Latin.
"Garn" and "land" are only half exceptions. They each have two meanings, and one is different in plural, the other the same.
Garner is plural of yarn for knitting, garn is plural for a type of fishnets.
Länder is plural for countries, land is plural for garden patches etc, similar meaning to land in English.
It shouldn't be too easy :-)
Impressive! Is the algorithm a secret or could you reveal it? Which scripting language did you use?
It is a very simple python script that uses the publicly available LEXIN dictionary what has inflection information. Checkout the notebook if you want:
That's how I've learned it: a) ending in a consonant - Ett hus (a house), huset (the house), hus (houses), husen (the houses) b) ending in a vowel - Ett äpple (an apple), äpplet (the apple), äpplen (apples), äpplena (the apples). At least this is the basic rule. I don't know if there are exceptions in ett-words. (Some en-words certainly have irregular plurals)
Edit: Corrected 'the houses' -> 'husen'
If something is spelt with a "K" in Swedish I spell it with a "K" in English too.
I have a question ... If we want to say ... 'The cats' ????????? How it'll be?? Please i get lost
You your speaker and your volume. If that doesn't work, I don't know what to tell you.
Why is djur not any different spelling wise singular or plural ? I read it as cats are animal. Because I see know difference. Is it because cat is plural djur automatically comes out plural even though there is no evidence of change?
"Djur" is an ett-word, and for most ett-words that end with a consonant, the plural is the same as the singular:
ett djur - två djur
ett hus - två hus
There are a few exceptions, for example
ett jubileum - två jubileer
I can't get the hang of pronouncing djur; at first I thought the dj was essentially the same as the English y/Swedish j, but on repetition, the d seems to do something to the pronunciation I can't quite quantify..
It shouldn't. 'dj' is pronounced the same way as the 'j' in 'jag'. The same goes for 'lj' or 'hj'.
The "d" is pronounced in most Finno-Swedish dialects, but silent is Swedish Swedish :).
Yeah, the 'd' in 'djur' in Finno-Swedish is pronounced, but 'lj' (for example 'ljus' (light)) and 'hj' (for example 'hjul' (wheel)) is pronounced as just a 'j'. :)
I don't understand the question.
ett djur - an animal, djuret - the animal, djur - animals, djuren - the animals
Is it me or....
I keep hearing: 'Kätter ar djur.' Apparently the lady has problems with the umlaut.
Why isn't "The cats are animals" accepted answer? What is the definite plural for "the cats" then?
I can't seem to pronounce djur for the life of me, I keep saying it as, "you" and I can't say it the way she does
I have the correct answer, but it says I have it wrong. I tripple checked all my spelling and punctuation. This happens to me with some regularity on Duolingo. Does anybody else have this problem?
That happened to me a while ago, but I'm not sure if it's happening to you for the same reason it was happening to me. I was offline on the online version, and it won't let you pass that question, even if you get it right. Probably not your problem though.